Naman, Nāman: 8 definitions

Introduction

Naman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Nāman (नामन्).—Noun, substantive; one of the four categories of words given in the Nirukta and other ancient grammer works; cf. चत्वारि पदजातानि नामाख्याते चोपसर्गनिपाताश्च (catvāri padajātāni nāmākhyāte copasarganipātāśca), Nir. I.1. The word is defined as सत्त्वप्रधानानि नामानि (sattvapradhānāni nāmāni) by standard grammarians; cf. Nir. I. 1.; cf. also सत्त्वाभिधायकं नाम (sattvābhidhāyakaṃ nāma), R. Pr. XIII.8; V. Pr. VIII. 49 and com. thereon. Panini divides words into two categories only, viz. सुबन्त (subanta) and तिङन्त (tiṅanta) and includes नामन्,उपसर्ग (nāman, upasarga) and निपात (nipāta) under सुबन्त (subanta). The Srngarapraksa defines नामन् (nāman) as follows-अनपेक्षितशब्दव्युत्पत्तीनि सत्त्व-भूतार्थाभिधायीनि नामानि। तानि द्विविधानि। आविष्टलिङ्गानि अनाविष्टलिङ्गानि च । (anapekṣitaśabdavyutpattīni sattva-bhūtārthābhidhāyīni nāmāni| tāni dvividhāni| āviṣṭaliṅgāni anāviṣṭaliṅgāni ca |) The word नामन् (nāman) at the end of a sasthitatpurusa compound signifies a name or Samjna e. g. सर्वनामन्, दिङ्-नामन्, छन्दोनामन् (sarvanāman, diṅ-nāman, chandonāman); cf. also. Bhasavrtti on संज्ञायां कन्थोशीनरेषु (saṃjñāyāṃ kanthośīnareṣu) P. II.4. 20 and संज्ञायां भृत् (saṃjñāyāṃ bhṛt). P. III. 2.46 where the author of the work explains the word संज्ञायां (saṃjñāyāṃ) as नाम्नि (nāmni). The word is used in the sense of 'a collection of words' in the Nirukta, cf. अन्त-रिक्षनामानि, अपत्यनामानि, ईश्वरनामानि, उदकनामानि (anta-rikṣanāmāni, apatyanāmāni, īśvaranāmāni, udakanāmāni), etc.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Nāman (नामन्, ‘name’) is a common word from the Rigveda onwards. The Gṛhya-sūtras give elaborate rules for the formation of the names of children, but more important is the distinction between the secret (guhya) and the ordinary name, though the rules as to the secret name are not at all consistent. The secret name is already recognized in the Rigveda, and is referred to in the Brāhmaṇas, one secret name, that of Arjuna for Indra, being given in the Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nāman (नामन्).—n. [mnāyate abhyasyate namyate abhidhīyate artho' nena vā]

1) A name, appellation, personal name (opp. gotra); किं नु नामैतदस्याः (kiṃ nu nāmaitadasyāḥ) Mu.1.1; नाम ग्रह् (nāma grah) 'to address or call upon by name,' नामग्राहमरोदीत् सा (nāmagrāhamarodīt sā) Bk.5,5; नाम कृ (nāma kṛ) or दा, नाम्ना (dā, nāmnā) or नामतः कृ (nāmataḥ kṛ) 'to give a name, call, name'; चकार नाम्ना रघु- मात्मसंभवम् (cakāra nāmnā raghu- mātmasaṃbhavam) R.3.31;5.36; तौ कुशलवौ चकार किल नामतः (tau kuśalavau cakāra kila nāmataḥ) 15.32; चन्द्रापीड इति नाम चक्रे (candrāpīḍa iti nāma cakre) K.74; मातरं नामतः पृच्छेयम् (mātaraṃ nāmataḥ pṛccheyam) Ś.7.

2) The mere name; संतप्तायसि संस्थितस्य पयसो नामापि न ज्ञायते (saṃtaptāyasi saṃsthitasya payaso nāmāpi na jñāyate) Bh.2.67 'not even the name, i. e. no trace or mark is seen' &c.; Pt.1.25.

3) (In gram.) A noun, substantive (opp. ākhyāta); तन्नाम येनाभिदधाति सत्त्वम् (tannāma yenābhidadhāti sattvam); सत्त्व- प्रधानानि नामानि (sattva- pradhānāni nāmāni) Nir.

4) A word, name, synonymous word; इति वृक्षनामानि (iti vṛkṣanāmāni).

5) Substance (opp. guṇa).

6) Water.

7) Ved. Mark, sign, token.

8) Form, mode, manner.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nāman (नामन्).—nt., usually as in Sanskrit name, noun; but in con-trast with pada, q.v., sentence, and vyañjana, sound, seems to mean (any) word: Mahāvyutpatti 1996 nāma-kāyaḥ (see kāya 2); defined Abhidharmakośa LaV-P. ii.238 by saṃjñāka- raṇa, ce qui fait naître une idée; the examples given are in fact nouns, but other parts of speech, if they are not included under this term, are completely ignored here.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nāman (नामन्).—n. (ma) A name, an appellation. E. mrā to be minded or remembered, manin Unadi affix, deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nāman (नामन्).—i. e. jñā + man, I. n. 1. A name, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 128. 2. Only the name (opposed to the reality), 157. Ii. acc. sing. nāma, adv. 1. By name, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 127. 2. Indeed, of course, 8, 335. 3. Perhaps, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 85, 18 Gorr. 4. It is often preceded, a. by an interrogative pronoun, Then, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 15, 20 Gorr.; b. by api, Perhaps, 2, 97, 6 Gorr. Of course, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 93, 5, v. r.; would that; c. by , Perhaps (I hope not), [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 54, 24; [distich] by nanu Cartainly, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 24, 37. 5. With an imperative, No matter, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 75, 6.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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