Naman, aka: Nāman; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Naman means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Nāman (नामन्).—Noun, substantive; one of the four categories of words given in the Nirukta and other ancient grammer works; cf. चत्वारि पदजातानि नामाख्याते चोपसर्गनिपाताश्च (catvāri padajātāni nāmākhyāte copasarganipātāśca), Nir. I.1. The word is defined as सत्त्वप्रधानानि नामानि (sattvapradhānāni nāmāni) by standard grammarians; cf. Nir. I. 1.; cf. also सत्त्वाभिधायकं नाम (sattvābhidhāyakaṃ nāma), R. Pr. XIII.8; V. Pr. VIII. 49 and com. thereon. Panini divides words into two categories only, viz. सुबन्त (subanta) and तिङन्त (tiṅanta) and includes नामन्,उपसर्ग (nāman, upasarga) and निपात (nipāta) under सुबन्त (subanta). The Srngarapraksa defines नामन् (nāman) as follows-अनपेक्षितशब्दव्युत्पत्तीनि सत्त्व-भूतार्थाभिधायीनि नामानि। तानि द्विविधानि। आविष्टलिङ्गानि अनाविष्टलिङ्गानि च । (anapekṣitaśabdavyutpattīni sattva-bhūtārthābhidhāyīni nāmāni| tāni dvividhāni| āviṣṭaliṅgāni anāviṣṭaliṅgāni ca |) The word नामन् (nāman) at the end of a sasthitatpurusa compound signifies a name or Samjna e. g. सर्वनामन्, दिङ्-नामन्, छन्दोनामन् (sarvanāman, diṅ-nāman, chandonāman); cf. also. Bhasavrtti on संज्ञायां कन्थोशीनरेषु (saṃjñāyāṃ kanthośīnareṣu) P. II.4. 20 and संज्ञायां भृत् (saṃjñāyāṃ bhṛt). P. III. 2.46 where the author of the work explains the word संज्ञायां (saṃjñāyāṃ) as नाम्नि (nāmni). The word is used in the sense of 'a collection of words' in the Nirukta, cf. अन्त-रिक्षनामानि, अपत्यनामानि, ईश्वरनामानि, उदकनामानि (anta-rikṣanāmāni, apatyanāmāni, īśvaranāmāni, udakanāmāni), etc.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Nāman (नामन्, ‘name’) is a common word from the Rigveda onwards. The Gṛhya-sūtras give elaborate rules for the formation of the names of children, but more important is the distinction between the secret (guhya) and the ordinary name, though the rules as to the secret name are not at all consistent. The secret name is already recognized in the Rigveda, and is referred to in the Brāhmaṇas, one secret name, that of Arjuna for Indra, being given in the Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nāman (नामन्).—n. [mnāyate abhyasyate namyate abhidhīyate artho' nena vā]

1) A name, appellation, personal name (opp. gotra); किं नु नामैतदस्याः (kiṃ nu nāmaitadasyāḥ) Mu.1.1; नाम ग्रह् (nāma grah) 'to address or call upon by name,' नामग्राहमरोदीत् सा (nāmagrāhamarodīt sā) Bk.5,5; नाम कृ (nāma kṛ) or दा, नाम्ना (dā, nāmnā) or नामतः कृ (nāmataḥ kṛ) 'to give a name, call, name'; चकार नाम्ना रघु- मात्मसंभवम् (cakāra nāmnā raghu- mātmasaṃbhavam) R.3.31;5.36; तौ कुशलवौ चकार किल नामतः (tau kuśalavau cakāra kila nāmataḥ) 15.32; चन्द्रापीड इति नाम चक्रे (candrāpīḍa iti nāma cakre) K.74; मातरं नामतः पृच्छेयम् (mātaraṃ nāmataḥ pṛccheyam) Ś.7.

2) The mere name; संतप्तायसि संस्थितस्य पयसो नामापि न ज्ञायते (saṃtaptāyasi saṃsthitasya payaso nāmāpi na jñāyate) Bh.2.67 'not even the name, i. e. no trace or mark is seen' &c.; Pt.1.25.

3) (In gram.) A noun, substantive (opp. ākhyāta); तन्नाम येनाभिदधाति सत्त्वम् (tannāma yenābhidadhāti sattvam); सत्त्व- प्रधानानि नामानि (sattva- pradhānāni nāmāni) Nir.

4) A word, name, synonymous word; इति वृक्षनामानि (iti vṛkṣanāmāni).

5) Substance (opp. guṇa).

6) Water.

7) Ved. Mark, sign, token.

8) Form, mode, manner.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nāman (नामन्).—n. (ma) A name, an appellation. E. mrā to be minded or remembered, manin Unadi affix, deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 114 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Namakarana
Nāmakaraṇa.—(BL), naming ceremony. Note: nāmakaraṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glos...
Namadheya
Nāmadheya (नामधेय).—n. (-yaṃ) A name or appellation. E. nāma a name, and svārthe dheya aff.
Namadhatu
Nāmadhātu (नामधातु).—a nominal verb, denominative base (as pārthāyate, vṛṣasyati &c.). Derivabl...
Namanirdesha
Nāmanirdeśa (नामनिर्देश).—indication by name. Derivable forms: nāmanirdeśaḥ (नामनिर्देशः).Nāman...
Namadharaka
Nāmadhāraka (नामधारक).—a. bearing only the name, in name only, nominal; (tathā) अर्थेन विहीनोऽत...
Namavali
Nāmāvalī (नामावली).—a list of names (of a god). Nāmāvalī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of t...
Namabhidhana
Nāmābhidhāna (नामाभिधान).—1) declaring one's name. 2) a dictionary, lexicon. Derivable forms: n...
Vahninaman
Vahnināman (वह्निनामन्).—m. (-mā) 1. Marking-nut plant. 2. Lead-wort. E. vahni fire, and nāman ...
Namasa
Namasa (नमस).—a. Favourable, kindly disposed.--- OR --- Nāmaṣa (नामष).—death.Derivable forms: n...
Kapinaman
Kapināman (कपिनामन्).—m. (-mā) Incense: see kapi.
Punnaman
Punnāman (पुन्नामन्).—a. (hell) called पुत् (put); पुन्नाम्नो नरकाद् यस्मात् त्रायते पितरं सुतः...
Namaparadha
Nāmāparādha (नामापराध).—m. (-dhaḥ) Abusing a respectable object, as a pious man, a deity by nam...
Sarvanaman
Sarvanāman (सर्वनामन्).—n. a class of pronominal words. °स्थानम् (sthānam) N. for the nom. (all...
Namalinga
Nāma-liṅga.—(EI 15), a deity bearing the name of a person. Note: nāma-liṅga is defined in the “...
Durnaman
Durṇāman (दुर्णामन्) or Durnāman (दुर्नामन्).—a. having a bad name. Durṇāman is a Sanskrit comp...

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