Namaskara, Namaskāra: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Namaskara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Namaskar.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Namaskara in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Namaskāra (नमस्कार, “obeisance”) refers to “offering obeisance” and represents one of the sixteen upacāra, or “sixteen types of homage and services”, as described while explaining the mode of worshipping the phallic form (liṅga) of Śiva in the Śivapurāṇa 1.11. Accordingly, “[...] the devotee shall worship the mobile emblem with the sixteen types of homage and services (upacāra) as prescribed. It accords the region of Śiva gradually. The sixteen types of service are [for example, offering obeisance (namaskāra)] [...] Or he shall perform all the sixteen rites in the phallic emblem of human, saintly or godly origin, or in one naturally risen up (svayambhū) or in one of very extraordinary nature installed duly”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Namaskara in Hinduism glossary
Source: ACHC: Smarta Puja

Namaskāra (नमस्कार) refers to “offering prostration”, representing one of the various services (upacāra) of a pūjā (ritualistic worship of a deity) which aim at the purification of the devotee.—The worshipper makes one or several prostrations (namaskāra) with (five, six or) eight limbs (cf. illustration), prostrates himself “like a stick” (daṇḍavat) on the ground or simply greets by joining both hands, a symbol of supplication. Salutation to one’s superior or to elders is believed to increase knowledge, span of life, fame and strength. The verse “namo ‘stu ... “ which is recited here is also found as the concluding verse of the Viṣṇusahasranāma in certain South Indian editions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Namaskara in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

namaskāra (नमस्कार).—m (S) namasyā f S Worship, obeisance, reverential or respectful address or salutation. It is performed by joining the palms, inclining the head, and pronouncing the word namaskāra. v kara, ghāla.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

namaskāra (नमस्कार).—m namasyā f Worship, obeisance.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Namaskara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Namaskara (नमस्कर).—nt., = °kāra (masc.), homage-paying: nidāna-namaskarāṇi samāptāni Mahāvastu i.2.12 (colophon).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Namaskāra (नमस्कार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Respectful or reverential address or salutation. 2. A sort of poison. f. (-rī) A sensitive plant. E. namas bowing, and kāra making, fem. affix aca0 gaurā0 ṅīṣ; or namas + kṛ + ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Namaskāra (नमस्कार).—[namas-kāra], m. and nama- skriyā namas-kriyā, f. Adoration, [Nala] 5, 16; Mahābhārata 15, 954.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Namaskāra (नमस्कार).—[masculine] exclamation of namas, worship, adoration.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Namaskāra (नमस्कार):—[nama-skāra] (raḥ) 1. m. Respectful or reverential address. a. Sort of poison. f. () Sensitive plant.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Namaskāra (नमस्कार) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇokkāra.

[Sanskrit to German]

Namaskara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Namaskara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Namaskāra (नमस्कार) [Also spelled namaskar]:—(nm) salutation, a term of greeting; adieu !, so long; —[karanā] to salute, to greet; to say good bye; •[, dūra se] keep away, not to have anything to do with.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Namaskara in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Namaskāra (ನಮಸ್ಕಾರ):—

1) [noun] a gesture of worship, obeisance, greeting, respect, etc. made by bending one’s head, prostrating oneself or joining both the palms with fingers, being closer to each other, pointing upward and thumb being closer to the breast.

2) [noun] a term used while greeting another respectfully.

3) [noun] the invocation, calling on a god, preceptor, saint, etc. by a poet, for blessing, inspiration, etc. at the beginning of a literary work.

4) [noun] ನಮಸ್ಕಾರ ಮಾಡು [namaskara madu] namaskāra māḍu = ನಮಸ್ಕರಿಸು [namaskarisu]; ನಮಸ್ಕಾರ ಹಾಕು [namaskara haku] namaskāra hāku = ನಮಸ್ಕರಿಸು [namaskarisu]; 2. to bid good-bye, farewell, adieu; 3. to abandon (a job, learning, etc.); ನಮಸ್ಕಾರ ಹೊಡೆ [namaskara hode] namaskāra hoḍe = ನಮಸ್ಕಾರ ಹಾಕು [namaskara haku].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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