Yuganatha, Yuganātha, Yuga-natha: 2 definitions
Yuganatha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Yuganātha (युगनाथ) refers to the “legendary Kaula teachers”, according to the the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—The Kubjikā tradition maintains that the legendary Kaula teachers (yuganātha) were well versed in the Veda. As a Brahmin, Matsyendranātha, the legendary founder of Kaulism, could well have been. Vṛkṣanātha, the First Siddha who brought the Kubjikā cult to Koṅkaṇa is said to have been a Brahmin versed in the four Vedas and initiated many other Vedic Brahmins like himself. The same claim is made for the four Siddhas of the sacred seats.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Yuganātha (युगनाथ) refers to the “four Lords (teachers) of the Ages”.—Matsyendranātha is worshipped as the teacher of this Age along with three other teachers and their consorts who brought the Kaula Tantra into the world in the previous three Ages. These four Lords of the Ages (yuganātha) are highly revered in the Kālīkrama and came to be considered to be embodiments of the basic states of consciousness. According to the Mahānayaprakāśa by Arṇasiṃha, they are projected into the cycle of persistence (sthiticakra) as they generally are in the Kālīkrama.
The four Yuganāthas are:
[Consort: Vijjambā, Vijāhūtī or Vijñāmbā],
[Disciples: (Viktaṣṭi and Vimala) or (Vimala and Suśubha) or (Illāīambā and Anantamekhalā)]
[Consort: Maṅgalā, Maṅgalājyoti or Maṅgalāmbā],
[Disciples: (Jaitra and Ajita) or (Ajita and Vijita) or (Kullāīambā and Ānandamekhalā)]
[(Vindhya and Ajita) or (Vicitra and Vidhīndunātha) or (Kullāīambā, Ajaramekhalā)]
[Consort: Kuṅkunāmbā or Koṃkaṇāmbā]
[Disciples: Twelve Princes]
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+47): Kurmanatha, Mangalamba, Konkanamba, Kamamangala, Mangala, Macchendra, Mina, Minanatha, Macchagnapada, Minapada, Macchindranathapada, Matsyendrapada, Macchendapada, Macchenda, Macchindranatha, Macchendranatha, Mangalajyoti, Macchagna, Kunkunamba, Vindhya.
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