Saubhari: 7 definitions


Saubhari means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Saubhari in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Saubhari Ṛṣi (सौभरि ऋषि):—Husband to the fifty sisters of the three sons of Māndhātā (son of Yuvanāśva). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.6.33-34,38)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Saubhari (सौभरि).—A hermit who had performed penance, sitting on the banks of the river Kālindī. (For detailed story see under Garuḍa, para 11).

2) Saubhari (सौभरि).—A hermit who had put up his hermitage on the Vindhya. At the time of the horse-sacrifice of Yudhiṣṭhira, Arjuna called on this hermit Saubhari. On that occasion the hermit told Arjuna about the previous history of Caṇḍī, who had been cursed by the hermit Uddālaka. It is mentioned in Jaimini Aśvamedha Parva, Chapter 96, that Arjuna later redeemed Caṇḍī from the curse.

3) Saubhari (सौभरि).—A hermit famous in the Purāṇas. A Purāṇic story about this hermit’s marrying the fifty daughters of Māndhātā is given below.

Saubhari saw two fishes engaged in coition, while he was doing penance on the banks of the Yamunā. This sight aroused matrimonial thoughts in the hermit’s mind. He instantly approached Māndhātā and informed him of his desire to marry a princess.

Māndhātā did not like to give his daughter in marriage to the old hermit. Concealing his thought, he told the hermit as follows:—"Out of my fifty daughters, she who wishes to be your wife, shall be given to you." Saubhari, who had already read the thought of Māndhātā entered the harem in the shape of a handsome fine youth, and all the fifty damsels liked him. Thus Saubhari married all of them, and begot hundred sons of each of them.

This matrimonial life lasted for some time. At last the hermit grew weary of this life. Discarding everything, Saubhari went to the forest. His wives, who also had become disinterested in worldly enjoyment, followed him. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9; Viṣṇu Purāṇa, 4, 2, 3; Padma Purāṇa, Uttara Khaṇḍa 262; Garuḍa Purāṇa, 1, 138).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Saubhari (सौभरि).—A Ṛg Vedic sage who got himself transformed into a youthful person and requested king Māndhātri for his daughter's hand; when he was asked to select one from the harem, he went in, when all his fifty daughters wanted to have him as their husband. So he agreed; after enjoying worldly pleasure for long, he felt the urge for mukti and retired to the forest, with his wives following and became a Vaikhānasabhikṣu; lived with them; father of 150 sons; when the sage was dead, all his wives burnt themselves on his funeral pyre;1 before his marriage he was engaged in penance. Once immersed under the waters of the Yamunā in contemplation of the Lord, he saw a fish in sexual union and felt a desire for home life; on another occasion he noticed Garuḍa consuming a fish, and cursed on behalf of the sages that Garuḍa's visit to Kālindi would be his death.2 Knew the yoga power of Hari.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 6. 38-55; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 2. 69 to end.
  • 2) Ib. X. 17. 9-11.
  • 3) Ib. II. 7. 45.

1b) A pupil of Devamitra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 6. 56.

1c) A son of Satyā and Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 247.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saubhari (सौभरि).—Name of a Vedic seer.

Derivable forms: saubhariḥ (सौभरिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Saubhari (सौभरि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Ekārthanāmamālā. Dvyarthanāmamālā.

2) Saubhari (सौभरि):—Vicitranāmamālā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saubharī (सौभरी):—[from saubhara] f. a verse composed by Sobhari, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

2) Saubhari (सौभरि):—[from saubhara] m. ([from] sobhari) Name of a Muni (married to the 50 daughters of Māndhātṛ and father of 150 sons), [Purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] of an author, [Catalogue(s)]

[Sanskrit to German]

Saubhari in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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