Mandana Mishra, Maṇḍana Miśra: 3 definitions


Mandana Mishra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Mandana Mishra in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Maṇḍana Miśra (c. 8th century CE) was a Hindu philosopher, who wrote on the Mīmāmsā and Advaita systems of thought, and was a student and follower of Ādi Śankara. Maṇḍana Miśra, also known as Suresvaracharya, was a follower of the Karma Mimamsa school of philosophy and a staunch defender of the holistic sphota doctrine of language. Later, he became a disciple of Adi Sankara.

Maṇḍana Miśra is best known as the author of the Brahmasiddhi. He has often been identified with Sureśvara, a strong tradition in Hinduism being that he started life as a Mīmāmsaka, but changed his name and became a sannyāsin and an Advaitin after being defeated in debate by Śankara. This is controversial, however, as it is said that the two men's works are too different for them to have been the same person.

Source: Yoga Magazine: 1992

The old maid remembered the day when some travellers had come and told about the defeat of Mandan Mishra and Shankara's miraculous powers. How was the story? The maid started to think, Shankara had reached Mahishmati town located between the Narmada and Mahishmati rivers, and there requested Mandan Mishra to enter into a debate with him, as that was the will of Kumaril Bhatta. Mandan Mishra was a disciple of Kumaril Bhatta and accepted the debate as it was the will of his teacher.

The debate between the two started, with Mandan Mishra's wife, Ubhaya Bharati who was very learned and considered to be an incarnation of Goddess Saraswati, as the judge. The debate was very dynamic and interesting, and continued for eighteen days, at the end of which Mandan Mishra conceded defeat and offered to become a disciple of Shankara.

Ubhaya Bharati had then come forward and requested Shankara for an opportunity to enter into a debate with him, as according to the Sanatana ideals, the wife was the other half of the husband, and her husband would not be fully defeated unless and until she was defeated also.

Shankara agreed and the debate between the two continued for another eighteen days. When Ubhaya Bharati questioned Shankara about the erotic arts and sciences, Shankara became silent as he had no knowledge of the same, and asked for one month's time to find the right answers, which was granted to him by Ubhaya Bharati.

Shankara left Mahishmati and went to a cave, where he sat in meditation. His disciples brought him the news that a king named Amarak from a nearby province had just died. Immediately Shankara took this opportunity to transfer his soul to the body of the king, after leaving his ascetic body in the care of his disciples, and in the span of one month learned all there was to learn in the royal palace about the erotic arts and sciences. Before the completion of the month, he again left the body of the king and re-entered his own, then went to Ubhaya Bharati, answered all her questions, and won the debate. Mandan Mishra became a disciple of Shankara and was named Sureshwaracharya

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mandana Mishra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Maṇḍana miśra (मण्डन मिश्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Bhāvanāviveka.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of mandana mishra in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

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