Maitri, aka: Maitrī; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Maitri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

[Maitri in Dharmashastra glossaries]

Maitrī (मैत्री) is a Sanskrit technical term, used in jurisdiction, referring to “too much affection”. It is mentioned as one of the causes for giving false evidence. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya 8.120)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

Discover the meaning of maitri in the context of Dharmashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana

[Maitri in Purana glossaries]

Maitrī (मैत्री).—Daughter of Dakṣa. Thirteen daughters of Dakṣa were married to Dharmadeva. Maitrī was one of them. Maitrī bore a son named Abhaya to Dharmadeva. (4th Skandha, Bhāgavata).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Maitrī (मैत्री).—A daughter of Dakṣa and a wife of Dharma; mother of Prasāda.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 49-50.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of maitri in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Shilpashastra (iconography)

[Maitri in Shilpashastra glossaries]

Maitrī (मैत्री) refers to a type of mūrchanā (melodic mode), and its illustration as a Goddess (according to 15th-century Indian art) is as follows.—The colour of her body is golden. She holds an unkown musical instrument with both hands. She wears a bodice of light-green colour and a scarf with crimson-coloured design, and a trouser of light-green colour bearing a black design.

The illustrations (of, for example Maitrī) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

(Source): archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of maitri in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Maitri in Mahayana glossaries]

Maitrī (मैत्री) is the daughter of Siṃhaśrī, and is included in the list of spiritual friends of Sudhana: the son of a merchant from Sukhākara who received a prophecy from Mañjuśrī, according to the Avataṃsaka-sūtra. Accordingly, Sudhana devoted himself to 110 spiritual friends in a great building adorned with the ornaments of Vairocana. These spiritual friends included monks, bodhisattvas, ṛṣis, brāhmaṇas, girls (eg., Maitrī), kings, youths, goddesses, householders, etc. From these beings, Sudhana took the vows without the need for any formal basis.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Mahayana Buddhism
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of maitri in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

[Maitri in Buddhism glossaries]

Maitrī (मैत्री, “friendliness”) refers to one of the “four spiritual states” (brahmavihāra) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 16). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., brahma-vihāra and Maitrī). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Maitrī (मैत्री, “friendliness”) or Maitrīdāna also refers to the “gift of friendliness” and represents one of the “three kinds of gifts” (dāna) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 105).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Maitrī (मैत्री, “friendliness”) is a concept defined within Buddhist ethical conduct (nītiśāstra).—In Buddhism, the two most important ethical virtues are compassion (karuṇa) and friendliness (maitrī). One should have deep sympathy and goodwill for the suffering people and should have the qualities of a good friend.

(Source): Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Indian Ethics: Individual and Social (buddhism)

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Maitri in Jainism glossaries]

Maitrī (मैत्री, “benevolence”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.11.—What is meant by benevolence (maitrī) towards all living beings? The desire that others should be free from suffering and not to cause suffering to others is called benevolence towards all living beings. What is the subject of the observance on benevolence towards all? The subject of this observance is the realm of entire living beings. It enhances magnanimous disposition in the observer and eliminates the feelings of mine/ yours.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of maitri in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Maitri in Marathi glossaries]

maitrī (मैत्री).—f Friendship.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of maitri in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 39 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Maitridana
Maitrīdāna (मैत्रीदान) or simply Maitrī also refers to the “gift of friendliness” and represent...
Maitrimurchana
Maitrīmurchanā (मैत्रीमुर्छना) is another name for maitrī: one of the twenty-one mūrchanā (melo...
Koradi Maitri
kōraḍī maitrī (कोरडी मैत्री).—f Empty friendship; superficial attachment.
Mahamaitri
Mahāmaitrī (महामैत्री) refers to the “three kinds of great friendliness” as defined in the Dhar...
Maitricittamaniskara
Maitrīcittamaniskāra (मैत्रीचित्तमनिस्कार) refers to “meditation on loving-kindness”, which is ...
Dana
Dāna (दान, “donation”) forms part of the ancient Indian education system, which aimed at both t...
Karuna
Karuṇa (करुण, “compassion”) is a concept defined within Buddhist ethical conduct (nītiśāstra).—...
Shakti
Śakti (शक्ति) refers to “inborn intuitive intellectual power” according to Ācārya Rudraṭa.—He i...
Raga
Rāgā (रागा).—One of the seven daughters of Bṛhaspati—Aṅgiras. As she was loved by all beings sh...
Kali
Kali (कलि) or Kalirāja is the name of a king who tested Kṣāntirṣi as mentioned in the Mahāprajñ...
Brahmavihara
Brahmavihāra (ब्रह्मविहार).—a pious conduct, perfect state; Buddh. Derivable forms: brahmavihār...
Prasada
Prasāda (प्रसाद).—A King of the family of Manu. (4th Skandha, Bhāgavata).
Shanti
Śānti (शान्ति) or Śāntika refers to “expelling evil” which is accomplished by performing mantra...
Ratnakara
Ratnākara (रत्नाकर) is the name of an ancient city, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter ...
Kratu
Kratu (क्रतु) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.59.10, I.65, I.60.4) and represent...

Relevant text