Maithuna: 13 definitions



Maithuna means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Maithun.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Jaina Yoga

Maithuna (मैथुन, “copulation”) is twofold, relating to the vaikriya and audārika classes and the latter is again divided up into animal and human categories. Under this last head are distinguished: sva-dāra (one’s own wife or concubine), para-dāra (any woman under the authority of another man), and veśyā (a prostitute who is considered to have no owner).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Maithuna (मैथुन, “copulation”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.15, “copulation is unchastity”. What is meant by copulation (maithuna)? It means unchaste (abrahma) or perverted conduct (kuśīla). It is also described as the desire to touch each other (opposite sex) with lust. What is meant by mithuna? The union of male and female is called mithuna. What is meant by maithuna /copulation? The indulgence of man and woman in lustful activity owing to the rise of conducts deluding karmas.

Why copulation (maithuna) is called as unchaste (abrahma)? Copulation devoid of virtues involves injury etc as he who indulges in copulation causes injury to mobile and immobile living beings as well as commits other sins. Therefore copulation is called unchaste.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Maithuna.—(SITI), wife's brother; elder sister's husband. Note: maithuna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

maithuna (मैथुन).—n (S) Copulation, congressus. 2 Union, junction, association.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

maithuna (मैथुन).—n Copulation. Union, association.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maithuna (मैथुन).—a. (- f.) [मिथुनेन निर्वृत्तम् अण् (mithunena nirvṛttam aṇ)]

1) Paired, coupled; गन्धर्वस्तादृशीरस्य मैथुन्यश्च सितासिताः (gandharvastādṛśīrasya maithunyaśca sitāsitāḥ) Bhāg.4.27.14.

2) United by marriage.

3) Relating to copulation.

-nam 1 Copulation, sexual union; मृतं मैथुनमप्रजम् (mṛtaṃ maithunamaprajam) Pt.2.98.

2) Marriage.

3) Union, connection.

4) Consecrating the fire (agnyādhāna).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maithuna (मैथुन).—i. e. mithuna + a, I. adj. Worn at a time of sexual intercourse, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 116. Ii. n. 1. Sexual intercourse, [Hitopadeśa] pr. [distich] 25, M.M. 2. Marriage, holy union, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 5 (perhaps adj. Being in accordance with a legitimate marriage). 3. Matrimony, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 101. 4. Union.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maithuna (मैथुन).—[feminine] ī paired, coupled; relating to copulation; [neuter] copulation, marriage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Maithuna (मैथुन):—mf(ī)n. ([from] mithuna) paired, coupled, forming a pair or one of each sex, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) connected by marriage, [Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra]

3) relating or belonging to copulation, [Kaṭha-upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] (with bhoga m. carnal enjoyment; with dharma m. ‘sexual law’, copulation; with vāsas n. a garment worn during cop°)

4) n. (ifc. f(ā). ) copulation, sexual intercourse or union, marriage, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc. ([accusative] with √ās, i, gam, car; [dative case] with upa-√gam, or upa√kram, to have sexual intercourse)

5) n. union, connection, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Maithuna (मैथुन):—(von mithuna)

1) adj. f. ī a) gepaart, ein Paar verschiedenen Geschlechts bildend: gāndharvyaḥ [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 27, 14.] — b) verschwägert: saṃyuktaṃ maithunaṃ vā [Pāraskara’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 3, 10.] — c) zur Begattung in Beziehung stehend: sparśāḥ die Gefühle der Wollust beim Beischlaf [Kaṭhopaniṣad 4, 3.] strīṇāṃ bhoge ca maithune [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 100.] dārakarmaṇi maithune das mit der Begattung in Zusammenhang stehende Heirathen, dieselbe bezweckend [3, 5.] na caiṣāṃ maithuno dharmo babhūva so v. a. bei ihnen fand keine Begattung statt [Mahābhārata 12, 7255. 7257.] vāsas ein Kleidungsstück, welches man beim Beischlaf anhat, [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 116.] —

2) n. Paarung, Begattung [Yāska’s Nirukta 8, 10.] [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 5, 15. 3, 4, 18, 124. 6, 1, 4.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 538.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 401.] [Medinīkoṣa Nalopākhyāna 108.] [Halāyudha 5, 52.] [ĀŚV. GṚHY. 3, 9, 6.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 10, 4, 4, 4.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 2, 1, 8. 25, 4, 27.] [MAITRYUP. 3, 4.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 5, 56.] [Mahābhārata 4, 832. 13, 1499.] [Suśruta 1, 72, 9.] [Spr. 379. 409.] krayakrīta [1743.] mṛtaṃ maithunamaprajam [?2244. 5275. WILSON, Sel. Works 1, 256. Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 903.] jvara [Mahābhārata 13, 1516.] naṃ car [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 141.] [Mahābhārata 13, 4521.] gam [4570.] gata im Beischlaf begriffen [1, 3812.] gamana [Suśruta 1, 317, 4.] maithunameti [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 45, 12.] ya āste nam [Oxforder Handschriften 91,b,23.] maithunāyopacakratuḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 37, 5.] maithunāyopajagmatuḥ [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 1, 38, 7.] vidagdhamaithunopagamana [Suśruta 1, 80, 5.] yatra maithunairedhire prajāḥ [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 21, 1.] ta enaṃ lolupatayā maithunāyābhipedire [20, 23.] maithunaṃ tu samāsevya puṃsi yoṣiti vā [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 11, 174. 67.] maithunābhighāta, ati [Suśruta 1, 263, 6. 290, 12.] [Śārṅgadhara SAṂH. 1, 6, 12.] Am Ende eines adj. comp. (f. ā): saṃvṛta [Harivaṃśa 1365.] spṛṣṭamaithunā [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 205.] saṃsṛṣṭa [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 135.] akṛtapuruṣāntara [Kullūka] zu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 5, 160.] maithuna = saṃgati, saṃgata, saṃbandha Vereinigung, Verbindung [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 18, 124.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Maithuna (मैथुन):——

1) Adj. (f. ī) — a) gepaart , ein Paar verschiedenen Geschlechts bildend. — b) verschwägert. — c) zur Begattung in Beziehung stehend , bei der B. stattfindend , — getragen (Kleid) , B. bezwecken. dharma m. so v.a. Begattung.

2) n. — a) Paarung , Begattung. Am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. ā. — b) *Vereinigng , Verbindung.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Maithuna in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Maithuna (मैथुन) [Also spelled maithun]:—(nm) coitus, cohabitation, sexual/carnal intercourse, copulation; (a) pertaining to a couple; —[viṣayaka/saṃbaṃdhī] sexual, copulatory.

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