Hathapaka, Haṭhapāka, Hatha-paka: 3 definitions
Hathapaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Haṭhapāka (हठपाक) refers to “violent digestion”, according to Śitikaṇṭha’s Mahānayaprakāśa.—If (consciousness) abides in the Point (bindu) one can drink the nectar of the Moon located above. It is the light of the Abode of the Moon. Achieve repose by the unfolding of the microcosm (aṇḍa-vikāsa). This is the unique and special (quality) of the light of the Abode of the Sun. The digestion (of multiplicity) is the power of the gastric fire of the navel because, even though (this) Fire pervades the entire body, the Violent digestion (haṭhapāka) of diversity takes place in the belly.
Note: (Cf. Tantrāloka 3.259cd-262):—The masters have said that the form (of consciousness) that transcends limiting conditions is of two types according to whether it comes about by the non-arising of limitations or by their cessation (praśama). Again, (their) cessation is of two kinds, according to whether it takes place peacefully or by a process of violent digestion (haṭhapāka-krama) brought about (in an instant by Bhairava) who is called the One Who Delights in Devouring Completely and whose nature is perpetually aflame. This (manner of) cessation, which is brought about by violent digestion, is the third type. It burns the fuel of differentiation (bheda) and is (particularly) worthy of being taught. All existing things consigned in an instant (haṭhata) to the fire that burns in the stomach of one's own consciousness abandon the division of relative distinctions and thus fuel it by their power.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Google Books: The Recognition Sutras
Haṭhapāka (हठपाक) refers to “sudden digestion”, according to Kṣemarāja’s Pratyabhijñāhṛdaya (11th century).—Haṭhapāka (“sudden digestion”) and Alaṅgrāsa (“total devouring”) are synonyms, both being technical terms of the Krama. These terms were unintentionally echoed by the great twentieth-century non-dualist Nisargadatta Maharaj, who was unfamiliar with the Tantrik literature but reached the same conclusions about the nature of reality as a result of his awakening. [...] We see similar language in the 900-year old Krama/Mahārtha text called Mahānayaprakāśa (“Illumination of the Great Way”), a primary source for the teaching on sudden digestion, which says that through haṭhapāka, the whole world seems to dissolve, because its dependence on consciousness—indeed the fact that it is nothing but [different forms of one] consciousness—is revealed.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Yoga (school of philosophy)Source: academia.edu: Meaning of haṭha in Early Haṭhayoga
Haṭhapāka (हठपाक) refers to a “sudden and violent process that burns up all things”.—In contrasting tranquility (śānti) with haṭhapāka, the commentator, Jayaratha, describes tranquility as a “process of pleasant combustion” (madhurapākakrama). When the Guru has been propitiated, the “tranquil” methods of initiation (dīkṣā-sādhana) and devotion to a religious practice (anuṣṭhāniṣṭhatā) will bring about transcendence (atyaya) at the time of death. However, haṭhapāka is a sudden and violent process that burns up all things (bhāva) in the fire of intelligence. It destroys duality and is likened by Abhinavagupta to the enjoyment (rasa) of devouring enough (alaṅgrāsa). The commentator notes that haṭhapāka is a forceful action (balātkāreṇa) that transgresses the normal order (kramavyatikramarūpa) and, as noted earlier, this connotation of haṭha is implicit in Haṭhayoga’s effect of raising the downward-moving breath (apāna) and the normally dormant Kuṇḍalinī.
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+1): Alamgrasa, Paka, Pakakrama, Balatkarena, Rasa, Dikshasadhana, Bhava, Shanti, Anushtha, Apana, Diksa, Nishtha, Madhurapaka, Nishthata, Hatha, Prashama, Andavikasa, Anda, Vikasa, Hathat.
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