Samgraha, Saṃgraha, Saṃgrāha: 13 definitions

Introduction

Samgraha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Saṃgraha (संग्रह, “propitiation”) refers to ‘winning over’ another person by sweet words and gifts. Saṃgraha represents one of the thirteen garbhasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. Garbhasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the development part (garbha)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

(Description:) Contact for the use of sweet words and gift, is called Protection (saṃgraha).

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Saṃhraha (संग्रह, “digest”).—When subjects taught in detail have been compressed and brought together in a number of sūtras and their bhāṣyas (commentary), these constitute according to the learned a Digest (saṃhraha).

The Digest (saṃgraha) of the Nāṭyaveda treats

  1. the sentiments (rasa),
  2. the Psychological States (bhava),
  3. the histrionic representation (abhinaya),
  4. the Practices (dharmī),
  5. the Styles (vṛtti),
  6. Local Usages (pravṛtti),
  7. Success (siddhi),
  8. the notes (svara),
  9. the instrumental music (ātodya),
  10. songs (dhruvā),
  11. and the stage (raṅga).
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Saṃgraha (संग्रह).—Name of a very vast work on grammar attributed to an ancient grammarian Vyadi who is supposed to have been a relative of Panini; cf. सेग्रहेस्तमुपागते (segrahestamupāgate) Bhartrhari's Vakyapadiya cf. also संग्रह-प्रतिकञ्चुकेः (saṃgraha-pratikañcukeḥ) cf. संग्रहो नाम लक्षश्लोकात्मको त्याडिकृतो ग्रन्थः । (saṃgraho nāma lakṣaślokātmako tyāḍikṛto granthaḥ |) Some quotations only are found from the Samgraha in grammar works, but the work is lost long ago.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Samgraha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Saṃgraha (संग्रह).—One of the two attendants given to Subrahmaṇya by the sea, the other being Vikrama. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 45; Verse 37).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Saṃgraha (संग्रह) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.46) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Saṃgraha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Saṃgraha (संग्रह) or “connections” refers to the third book of the Abhidhamma according to the Haimavata school.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Saṃgraha (संग्रह, “synthetic”) refers to one of the seven types of naya (standpoint), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.33.—To cognize an entity by looking at its attributes as primary and secondary depending on the intentions of the speaker or listener is called naya (standpoint/viewpoint).

What is meant by synthetic viewpoint (saṃgraha-naya)? To cognize all the modes of an entity keeping its class (type of substance) in mind, e.g. by saying substance we understand all types of substances.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃgraha (संग्रह).—1 Seizing, grasping; taking; प्रज्वाल्य तत्र चैवाग्निमकरोत् पाणिसंग्रहम् (prajvālya tatra caivāgnimakarot pāṇisaṃgraham) Rām.7.12.2.

2) Clenching the fist, grasp, grip.

3) Reception, admission.

4) Guarding, protection; तथा ग्रामशतानां च कुर्याद्राष्ट्रस्य संग्रहम् (tathā grāmaśatānāṃ ca kuryādrāṣṭrasya saṃgraham) Ms.7.114.

5) Favouring, propitiating, entertaining, supporting; धनैः कार्योऽस्य संग्रहः (dhanaiḥ kāryo'sya saṃgrahaḥ) Ms.3.138;8.311.

6) Storing, accumulation, gathering, collecting; स्वधासंग्रहतत्पराः (svadhāsaṃgrahatatparāḥ) R.1.66; तैः कृतप्रकृतिसंग्रहैः (taiḥ kṛtaprakṛtisaṃgrahaiḥ) 19.55;17.6.

7) Governing, restraining, controlling; एव वै परमो योगो मनसः संग्रहः स्मृतः (eva vai paramo yogo manasaḥ saṃgrahaḥ smṛtaḥ) Bhāg. 11.2.21.

8) Conglomeration.

9) Conjunction.

1) Agglomeration (a kind of saṃyoga).

11) Inclusion, comprehension.

12) Compilation.

13) Epitome, summary, abridgment, compendium; संग्रहेण प्रवक्ष्यन्ते (saṃgraheṇa pravakṣyante) Bg.8.11; so तर्कसंग्रहः (tarkasaṃgrahaḥ); मय्यावेशितया युक्त एतावान् योगसंग्रहः (mayyāveśitayā yukta etāvān yogasaṃgrahaḥ) Bhāg.11.23.61.

14) Sum, amount, totality; करणं कर्म कर्तेति त्रिविधः कर्मसंग्रहः (karaṇaṃ karma karteti trividhaḥ karmasaṃgrahaḥ) Bg.18.18.

13) A catalogue, list.

16) A store-room.

17) An effort, exertion.

18) Mention, reference.

19) Greatness, elevation.

2) Velocity.

21) Name of Śiva.

22) A guardian, ruler, manager; ततो निक्षिप्य काकुत्स्थो लक्ष्मणं द्वारि संग्रहम् (tato nikṣipya kākutstho lakṣmaṇaṃ dvāri saṃgraham) Rām.7.13.15.

23) The fetching back of discharged weapons by magical means; Mb.

24) Taking to wife, marriage.

25) Perception, notion,

Derivable forms: saṃgrahaḥ (संग्रहः).

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Saṃgrāha (संग्राह).—

1) Laying hold of, grasping.

2) Forcible seizure.

3) Clenching the fist.

4) The fist.

5) The handle of a shield.

6) A particular jumping of the horse; Mb.5.155.2. (com. saṃgrāhaḥ bṛhadudraṅgaḥ heṣaṇapūrvakamagra- pādābhyāmutplavanamiti; 'saṃgrāho bṛhadudraṅge' iti viśvaḥ).

Derivable forms: saṃgrāhaḥ (संग्राहः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saṃgraha (संग्रह).—m., as in Sanskrit, BR s.v. 14, das Heranziehen, für sich Gewinnen; freundliche, liebevolle Behandlung; so interpret LV 205.8—9 a-saṃgraha-gṛhītasya, afflicted with lack of friendly behavior or disposition; LV 426.5 sattva- saṃgrahaprayukta, given to attractive treatment of creatures; Mv i.107.10 kevarūpeṇa saṃgraheṇa satvā saṃgṛhṇanti, by what sort of attraction do (Bodhisattvas) attract creatures?; compare Mv i.133.13 saṃgṛhītagrāhiṇaś ca (bodhisattvāḥ), they are characterized by holding those who have been attracted, sc. by the saṃgraha-vastu, as Senart rightly saw, but [Page548-b+ 71] he was wrong in taking saṃgṛhīta as a subst. = saṃgraha; other cases Mv i.133.17; 163.7. Note especially Gv 495.20 samantapāśa-jāla-bhūtaṃ (bodhicittaṃ), sarvavine- yasattva-saṃgraha-karṣaṇatayā, it is…a net…because it draws in by attraction (by kindly behavior) creatures…; compare LV 429.13 s.v. saṃgraha-vastu. Sometimes = saṃgraha- vastu, q.v.: SP 142.11 (verse) catvāraḥ saṃgrahā(ḥ).

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Saṃgrāha (संग्राह).—(m.?; the only real Sanskrit literary occurrences are Mahābhārata 5.152.17 susaṃgrāhāḥ [so Crit. ed., for vulgate asaṃ°], under good control, of horses; and one passage in Schmidt, Nachtrāge, = Griff am Messer), seizure, over- whelming (and dangerous) grasp (?): LV 374.17 (verse) iha rāgamadana-makaraṃ tṛṣṇormijalaṃ kudṛṣṭi-saṃgrāhaṃ saṃsārasāgaram ahaṃ saṃtīrṇo, I have here crossed the ocean of the saṃsāra, whose sea-monsters are passion and love, whose wave-water is thirst, whose overwhelming grasp is heresy (? both control and attachment seem inappropriate here; I have thought of emending to -saṃgāham, depths, profound abyss, but this is not quotable); neg. a-saṃgrāha, non-grasping, not (wrongly) clinging to, Bbh 44.6, 7 asad- bhūta-samāropāsaṃgrāha-vivarjito bhūtāpavādāsaṃgrā- ha-vivarjitaś (Wogihara, Index, renders by Chinese meaning not wrong holding).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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