Samgraha, Saṃgraha, Saṃgrāha: 18 definitions


Samgraha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sangrah.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Saṃgraha (संग्रह, “propitiation”) refers to ‘winning over’ another person by sweet words and gifts. Saṃgraha represents one of the thirteen garbhasandhi, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. Garbhasandhi refers to the “segments (sandhi) of the development part (garbha)” and represents one of the five segments of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic composition (nāṭaka).

(Description:) Contact for the use of sweet words and gift, is called Protection (saṃgraha).

Source: Natya Shastra

Saṃhraha (संग्रह, “digest”).—When subjects taught in detail have been compressed and brought together in a number of sūtras and their bhāṣyas (commentary), these constitute according to the learned a Digest (saṃhraha).

The Digest (saṃgraha) of the Nāṭyaveda treats

  1. the sentiments (rasa),
  2. the Psychological States (bhava),
  3. the histrionic representation (abhinaya),
  4. the Practices (dharmī),
  5. the Styles (vṛtti),
  6. Local Usages (pravṛtti),
  7. Success (siddhi),
  8. the notes (svara),
  9. the instrumental music (ātodya),
  10. songs (dhruvā),
  11. and the stage (raṅga).
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Saṃgraha (संग्रह).—Name of a very vast work on grammar attributed to an ancient grammarian Vyadi who is supposed to have been a relative of Panini; cf. सेग्रहेस्तमुपागते (segrahestamupāgate) Bhartrhari's Vakyapadiya cf. also संग्रह-प्रतिकञ्चुकेः (saṃgraha-pratikañcukeḥ) cf. संग्रहो नाम लक्षश्लोकात्मको त्याडिकृतो ग्रन्थः । (saṃgraho nāma lakṣaślokātmako tyāḍikṛto granthaḥ |) Some quotations only are found from the Samgraha in grammar works, but the work is lost long ago.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Samgraha in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Saṃgraha (संग्रह).—One of the two attendants given to Subrahmaṇya by the sea, the other being Vikrama. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 45; Verse 37).

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Saṃgraha (संग्रह) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.46) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Saṃgraha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Saṃgraha (संग्रह):—Restricted movement, Retention, Stiffness

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Saṃgraha (संग्रह) refers to the “sum and substance of the vow”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Those who undertake the vow should practice the threefold conduct in the course of (their) nocturnal practice. This is the Conduct of a Hero, which is the Hero's Vow (observed) in the modalities of the Hero's union and the union Dūtīs (Kaula consorts) practice with everybody, which is both external and internal. The mind should not be checked. One should go wherever the mind goes and practice the Conduct of Desire. Clearly evident, this is said to be the threefold sign (liṅga) (of this practice), the sum and substance of the Vow (saṃgraha)”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Saṃgraha (संग्रह) or “connections” refers to the third book of the Abhidhamma according to the Haimavata school.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Saṃgraha (संग्रह, “synthetic”) refers to one of the seven types of naya (standpoint), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.33.—To cognize an entity by looking at its attributes as primary and secondary depending on the intentions of the speaker or listener is called naya (standpoint/viewpoint).

What is meant by synthetic viewpoint (saṃgraha-naya)? To cognize all the modes of an entity keeping its class (type of substance) in mind, e.g. by saying substance we understand all types of substances.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃgraha (संग्रह).—1 Seizing, grasping; taking; प्रज्वाल्य तत्र चैवाग्निमकरोत् पाणिसंग्रहम् (prajvālya tatra caivāgnimakarot pāṇisaṃgraham) Rām.7.12.2.

2) Clenching the fist, grasp, grip.

3) Reception, admission.

4) Guarding, protection; तथा ग्रामशतानां च कुर्याद्राष्ट्रस्य संग्रहम् (tathā grāmaśatānāṃ ca kuryādrāṣṭrasya saṃgraham) Ms.7.114.

5) Favouring, propitiating, entertaining, supporting; धनैः कार्योऽस्य संग्रहः (dhanaiḥ kāryo'sya saṃgrahaḥ) Ms.3.138;8.311.

6) Storing, accumulation, gathering, collecting; स्वधासंग्रहतत्पराः (svadhāsaṃgrahatatparāḥ) R.1.66; तैः कृतप्रकृतिसंग्रहैः (taiḥ kṛtaprakṛtisaṃgrahaiḥ) 19.55;17.6.

7) Governing, restraining, controlling; एव वै परमो योगो मनसः संग्रहः स्मृतः (eva vai paramo yogo manasaḥ saṃgrahaḥ smṛtaḥ) Bhāg. 11.2.21.

8) Conglomeration.

9) Conjunction.

1) Agglomeration (a kind of saṃyoga).

11) Inclusion, comprehension.

12) Compilation.

13) Epitome, summary, abridgment, compendium; संग्रहेण प्रवक्ष्यन्ते (saṃgraheṇa pravakṣyante) Bg.8.11; so तर्कसंग्रहः (tarkasaṃgrahaḥ); मय्यावेशितया युक्त एतावान् योगसंग्रहः (mayyāveśitayā yukta etāvān yogasaṃgrahaḥ) Bhāg.11.23.61.

14) Sum, amount, totality; करणं कर्म कर्तेति त्रिविधः कर्मसंग्रहः (karaṇaṃ karma karteti trividhaḥ karmasaṃgrahaḥ) Bg.18.18.

13) A catalogue, list.

16) A store-room.

17) An effort, exertion.

18) Mention, reference.

19) Greatness, elevation.

2) Velocity.

21) Name of Śiva.

22) A guardian, ruler, manager; ततो निक्षिप्य काकुत्स्थो लक्ष्मणं द्वारि संग्रहम् (tato nikṣipya kākutstho lakṣmaṇaṃ dvāri saṃgraham) Rām.7.13.15.

23) The fetching back of discharged weapons by magical means; Mb.

24) Taking to wife, marriage.

25) Perception, notion,

Derivable forms: saṃgrahaḥ (संग्रहः).

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Saṃgrāha (संग्राह).—

1) Laying hold of, grasping.

2) Forcible seizure.

3) Clenching the fist.

4) The fist.

5) The handle of a shield.

6) A particular jumping of the horse; Mb.5.155.2. (com. saṃgrāhaḥ bṛhadudraṅgaḥ heṣaṇapūrvakamagra- pādābhyāmutplavanamiti; 'saṃgrāho bṛhadudraṅge' iti viśvaḥ).

Derivable forms: saṃgrāhaḥ (संग्राहः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saṃgraha (संग्रह).—m., as in Sanskrit, [Boehtlingk and Roth] s.v. 14, das Heranziehen, für sich Gewinnen; freundliche, liebevolle Behandlung; so interpret Lalitavistara 205.8—9 a-saṃgraha-gṛhītasya, afflicted with lack of friendly behavior or disposition; Lalitavistara 426.5 sattva- saṃgrahaprayukta, given to attractive treatment of creatures; Mahāvastu i.107.10 kevarūpeṇa saṃgraheṇa satvā saṃgṛhṇanti, by what sort of attraction do (Bodhisattvas) attract creatures?; compare Mahāvastu i.133.13 saṃgṛhītagrāhiṇaś ca (bodhisattvāḥ), they are characterized by holding those who have been attracted, sc. by the saṃgraha-vastu, as Senart rightly saw, but [Page548-b+ 71] he was wrong in taking saṃgṛhīta as a subst. = saṃgraha; other cases Mahāvastu i.133.17; 163.7. Note especially Gaṇḍavyūha 495.20 samantapāśa-jāla-bhūtaṃ (bodhicittaṃ), sarvavine- yasattva-saṃgraha-karṣaṇatayā, it is…a net…because it draws in by attraction (by kindly behavior) creatures…; compare Lalitavistara 429.13 s.v. saṃgraha-vastu. Sometimes = saṃgraha- vastu, q.v.: Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 142.11 (verse) catvāraḥ saṃgrahā(ḥ).

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Saṃgrāha (संग्राह).—(m.?; the only real Sanskrit literary occurrences are Mahābhārata 5.152.17 susaṃgrāhāḥ [so Crit. ed., for vulgate asaṃ°], under good control, of horses; and one passage in Schmidt, Nachtrāge, = Griff am Messer), seizure, over- whelming (and dangerous) grasp (?): Lalitavistara 374.17 (verse) iha rāgamadana-makaraṃ tṛṣṇormijalaṃ kudṛṣṭi-saṃgrāhaṃ saṃsārasāgaram ahaṃ saṃtīrṇo, I have here crossed the ocean of the saṃsāra, whose sea-monsters are passion and love, whose wave-water is thirst, whose overwhelming grasp is heresy (? both control and attachment seem inappropriate here; I have thought of emending to -saṃgāham, depths, profound abyss, but this is not quotable); neg. a-saṃgrāha, non-grasping, not (wrongly) clinging to, Bodhisattvabhūmi 44.6, 7 asad- bhūta-samāropāsaṃgrāha-vivarjito bhūtāpavādāsaṃgrā- ha-vivarjitaś (Wogihara, Index, renders by Chinese meaning not wrong holding).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃgraha (संग्रह).—i. e. sam-grah + a, m. 1. Collection, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 176; conjunction, Bhāṣāp. 133; totality, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 18, 18. 2. A place where anything is kept. 3. Quantity. 4. A compilation, an abridgment, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 8, 11. 5. A catalogue. 6. Clenching the fist, clenching, grasp, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 13. 7. Effort. 8. Restraining, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2, 1. 9. Governing, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 113. 10. Protecting, protection, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 311. 11. Propitiating, attaching, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 330 (kurvanti saṃgraham, Attach to themselves); [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 295; encouraging, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 138. 12. Assent, promise. 13. Taking, seizing, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 274; mentioning, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 57. 14. Elevation, loftiness.

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Saṃgrāha (संग्राह).—i. e. sam-grah + a, m. 1. Clenching the fist. 2. The fist. 3. The gripe of a shield. 4. Seizing forcibly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃgraha (संग्रह).—[masculine] seizing, grasping, laying hold on, keeping, winning, acquiring, taking (also to wife), enjoying, fetching back (of a shot arrow by magic), gathering, assembling, collection; enumeration, sum, totalily; restraining, directing, government, concr. ruler, governor, arranger; short exposition, compendium of (—°); attracting, winning over, kindness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Saṃgraha (संग्रह) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[grammatical] Quoted in the Preface of the Mahābhāṣya: Saṃgraha etat prādhānyena parīkṣitam. According to Nāgojī this Saṃgraha had Vyāḍi as its author. It seems more natural to attribute the work to Patañjali himself.

2) Saṃgraha (संग्रह):—a grammar, by Lakṣmīdatta. Oudh. X, 8.

3) Saṃgraha (संग्रह):—an abbreviation of Smṛtisaṃgraha q. v.

4) Saṃgraha (संग्रह):—vedānta, by Vīramaheśvarācārya. Rice. 184.

5) Saṃgraha (संग्रह):—med. L. 616. See Aṣṭāṅgasaṃgraha and Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃgraha.

6) Saṃgraha (संग्रह):—jy. by Gaṇapati. Oudh. Xx, 110. See Jyotiḥsaṃgraha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃgraha (संग्रह):—[=saṃ-graha] [from saṃ-grabh] m. holding together, seizing, grasping, taking, reception, obtainment, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] taking (in the sense of eating or drinking food, medicine etc.), [Raghuvaṃśa; Bhartṛhari]

3) [v.s. ...] the fetching back of discharged weapons by magical means, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] bringing together, assembling (of men), [Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa; Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃśikā or vikramāditya-caritra, jaina recension]

5) [v.s. ...] collecting, gathering, conglomeration, accumulation (as of stores), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] (in [philosophy]) agglomeration (= saṃyoga q.v.), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

7) [v.s. ...] a place where anything is kept, a store-room, receptacle, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] complete enumeration or collection, sum, amount, totality (eṇa, ‘completely’, ‘entirely’), [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] drawing together, making narrower, narrowing, tightening, making thin or slender, the thin part of anything, [Caraka; Vāgbhaṭālaṃkāra; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

10) [v.s. ...] a compendium, summary, catalogue, list, epitome, abridgment, short statement (eṇa or āt, ‘shortly’, ‘summarily’, ‘in few words’), [Kaṭha-upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.

11) [v.s. ...] inclusion, comprehension, [Kusumāñjali; Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti]

12) [v.s. ...] check, restraint, control, [ib.; Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā]

13) [v.s. ...] keeping, guarding, protection, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

14) [v.s. ...] a guardian, ruler, manager, arranger, [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

15) [v.s. ...] obstruction, constipation (See -grahanī)

16) [v.s. ...] attracting, winning, favouring, kind treatment, propitiation, entertaining, entertainment, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

17) [v.s. ...] taking to wife, marriage (See dāra-s)

18) [v.s. ...] perception, notion, [Kapila; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

19) [v.s. ...] mention, mentioning, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

20) [v.s. ...] elevation, loftiness, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

21) [v.s. ...] velocity, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

23) [v.s. ...] Name of various works ([especially] of a gram. [work] in 100,000 Ślokas by Vyāḍi; also often in [compound])

24) Saṃgrāha (संग्राह):—[=saṃ-grāha] [from saṃ-grabh] m. grasping, laying hold of. forcible seizure, [Horace H. Wilson]

25) [v.s. ...] the fist or clenching the fist, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. [Pāṇini 3-3, 36 [Scholiast or Commentator]])

26) [v.s. ...] the handle of a shield, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃgraha (संग्रह) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃgaha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samgraha in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samgraha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saṃgraha (संग्रह) [Also spelled sangrah]:—(nm) collection; compilation; compendium; repository, deposit, storage; reserve; ~[karttā] compiler, one who collects/stores/compiles.

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