Kumudvati, Kumudvatī: 6 definitions

Introduction

Kumudvati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kumudvati in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Kumudvatī (कुमुद्वती).—Name of a river originating from Vindhya, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu.

2) Kumudvatī (कुमुद्वती).—One of the seven major rivers situated in Krauñcadvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 88. It is also known by the name Ārdravatī. Krauñcadvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Jyotiṣmān, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, who is the son of Svāyambhuva Manu.

Svāyambhuva Manu was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kumudvatī (कुमुद्वती).—Wife of King Vimarśana of Kirātadeśa. Kumudvatī requested him one day, to put a stop to his cruelties against the people. His reply was as follows:—"Oh! dear wife, don't feel sorry. In my past life I was a dog and, starved almost to death. I went to the gates of the Śiva temple at Pampāpura. It was Caturdaśī day, and thousands of people had gathered there, and I stood there looking at the Śivaliṅga. Then someone cried out, 'Beat the dog to death,' and though, in mortal terror, I ran thrice about the temple, people beat me to death. Since, although only by accident, I had run thrice around the temple, I was born as a King in the present life. I cherish the greatest devotion for Lord Śiva; but, as inherent tendencies do not die out so easily I possess certain characteristics of the dog and that is why I commit the present cruelties." (See full article at Story of Kumudvatī from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Kumudvatī (कुमुद्वती).—Wife of Kuśa, son of Śrī Rāma. Kuśa lost the ornaments on his hands in water once while he was sporting in the river. Angry at the loss Kuśa was about to shoot his arrows at the Sarayū when the nāga called Kumuda not only returned to him his lost ornaments but also gave Kumudvatī as wife to him. (Ānanda Rāmāyaṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kumudvatī (कुमुद्वती).—A river in Krauñcadvīpa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 19. 75; Matsya-purāṇa 122. 88; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 69; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 55.

1b) A R. from the Vindhyas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 33; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 27; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 102; 47. 2.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Kumudvatī (कुमुद्वती) refers to one of the twenty-two quarters tones (śruti) existing within an octave, according to the Saṅgīta-ratnākara (“ocean of music and dance”). This work is an important Sanskrit treatise dealing with ancient Indian musicology (gāndharva-śāstra), composed by Śārṅgadeva in the 13th century and deals with both Carnatic and Hindustani music. Kumudvatī has a frequency of 490.5479Hz.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style

Kumudvatī (कुमुद्वती, “lily pond”).—Illustration of Kumudvatī-śruti according to 15th century art:—The colour of her body is yellow. She holds a vīṇā in both hands. The colour of her bodice is green. Her scarf is red and green with a black design. Her lower garment is green with a black design.

The illustrations (of, for example Kumudvatī) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kumudvati in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kumudvatī (कुमुद्वती):—[=ku-mud-vatī] [from kumud-vat > ku-mud] f. (atī) an assemblage of lotuses, place or pond filled with them, [Kauśika-sūtra; Śakuntalā] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the flexible stalk of a water-lily, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a plant bearing a poisonous fruit (Villarsia indica), [Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a sister of the serpent-king Kumuda and wife of Kuśa, [Raghuvaṃśa]

5) [v.s. ...] of the wife of the Kirāta king Vimarṣaṇa, [Skanda-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] of the wife of Pradyumna, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] of a river, [ib.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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