by Helen M. Johnson | 1931 | 742,503 words
This page describes Kamatha’s second incarnation which is the fourth part of chapter II of the English translation of the Parshvanatha-caritra, contained within the “Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra”: a massive Jain narrative relgious text composed by Hemacandra in the 12th century. Parshvanatha in jainism is the twenty-third Tirthankara (Jina) and one of the 63 illustrious beings or worthy persons.
Now, Kamaṭha, unappeased by the murder of Marubhūti, not being made to speak by the guru, blamed by the other ascetics, died, engaged in especially painful meditation; he became a kukkuṭa-serpent and roamed, destroying creatures like a winged Yama. One day as he roamed he saw the Marubhūti-elephant drinking pure water heated by the sun’s rays in a pool. He happened to be mired in mud at that time and was unable to get out because of his emaciation from penance and he was bitten on the boss by the kukkuṭa-serpent. Knowing his own death (at hand) from the stream of the poison, the elephant rejected the four kinds of food, engaged in concentrated meditation.
Footnotes and references:
Part serpent and part cock. See III, n. 276.