Canaka, aka: Caṇaka, Cāṇaka; 8 Definition(s)


Canaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chanaka.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Caṇaka (चणक) is a Sanskrit word referring to Cicer arietinum (“gram”). It is a type of legume (śamīdhānya), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The plant Caṇaka is part of the Śamīdhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of legumes”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Caṇaka is is light, cold, sweet, slightly astringent and roughening in character. It is beneficial for pitta and kapha and useful as pulses and pastes.

According to the Bhāvaprakāśa it has the following synonyms: Harimantha and Sakalapriya. The Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Canaka in Purana glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

Cāṇaka (चाणक).—The auspiciousness of Cāṇaka (cowdung) is due to Lakṣmī. (See Lakṣmī, Paras 1 and 6).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Caṇaka (चणक, “chickpeas”) refers to one of the seventeen varieties of dhānya (“grain”) according to Śvetāmbara tradition and listed in Hemacandra’s 12th century Yogaśāstra (verse 3.95). Dhānya represents one of the classes of the external (bahya) division of attachment (parigraha) and is related to the Aparigraha-vrata (vow of non-attachment).

Source: Jaina Yoga
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Canaka in Pali glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

caṇaka : (m.) gram

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

caṇakā (चणका).—m (caṇa!) The smart of the sting or bite of a scorpion, snake, flea &c.: also the sharp pain of a pinch, of actual cautery &c. the glow on eating peppers, or on exposure to the sun: the sharp hissing of phōḍaṇī &c. v māra, lāga, basa. 2 A gust or fit of passion. v yē, lāga.

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canakā (चनका).—See caṇakā, caṇakā- vaṇēṃ, caṇakāviṇēṃ.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

caṇakā (चणका).—m The smart of the sting or bite of a scorpion, snake, flea &c. A gust or fit of passion.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caṇaka (चणक).—

1) Chick-pea; उत्पतितोऽपि हि चणकः शक्तः किं भ्राष्ट्रकं भक्तुम् (utpatito'pi hi caṇakaḥ śaktaḥ kiṃ bhrāṣṭrakaṃ bhaktum) Pt.1.132.

2) Name of a gotra.

Derivable forms: caṇakaḥ (चणकः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caṇaka (चणक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. Chick-pea, (Cicer arietinum.) 2. The name of a sage. f.

(-kā) Linseed. E. caṇ to be given, affix ac and kan added; what is given to horses, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 17 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Caṇakātmaja (चणकात्मज).—the sage चाणक्य (cāṇakya).Derivable forms: caṇakātmajaḥ (चणकात्मजः).Caṇ...
Muṇḍacaṇaka (मुण्डचणक).—a kind of pulse (kalāya). Derivable forms: muṇḍacaṇakaḥ (मुण्डचणकः).Muṇ...
Dhānya (धान्य) refers to “grain”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.15. Accordingly, “a charitable...
Upavāsa (उपवास, “fast”) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXII).—I...
Caṇa (चण).—a. (At the end of comp.) Renowned, celebrated, skilled in, famous for; तेन वित्तश्चु...
caṇakāvaṇēṃ (चणकावणें).—v i To shoot or smart.
caṇakāviṇēṃ (चणकाविणें).—v i To strike or hit smartly and soundingly.
Vātala (वातल).—a. (-lī f.) [वातं रोगमेदं लाति ला-क (vātaṃ rogamedaṃ lāti lā-ka)]1) Stormy, wind...
Harimantha (हरिमन्थ).—a chick-pea; Śukra.4.969. Derivable forms: harimanthaḥ (हरिमन्थः).Hariman...
Sacittatyāgapratimā (सचित्तत्यागप्रतिमा) refers to “the stage of purity of nourishment” and rep...
Cāṇakīna (चाणकीन).—mfn. (-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Fit for or sown with the chickpea, (a field, &c.) E. ...
Athara Dhanyem
aṭharā dhānyēṃ (अठरा धान्यें).—n pl The eighteen superior grains; viz. gahūṃ, sāḷa,tūra,java,jō...
Sakalapriya (सकलप्रिय) is another word for Caṇaka (Cicer arietinum “gram”) according to the ...
Śamīdhānyavarga (शमीधान्यवर्ग) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classif...
Kalyanarakshita (225-300 CE) refers to Vacaspati. His disciple Ratnakarashanti became the teach...

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