Kshemankara, Kṣemaṅkara, Kshemamkara: 8 definitions
Kshemankara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Kṣemaṅkara can be transliterated into English as Ksemankara or Kshemankara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Kṣemaṅkara (क्षेमङ्कर).—A King who was the friend of Jayadratha. This King ruled over the country of Trigarta. Nakula killed this King. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapters 265 and 275).
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Kṣemaṅkara (क्षेमङ्कर) is the name of a kulakara (law-giver) according to both Śvetāmbara and Digambara sources. His wife is named Sunandā according to Digambara. The kulakaras (similair to the manus of the Brahmanical tradition) figure as important characters protecting and guiding humanity towards prosperity during ancient times of distress, whenever the kalpavṛkṣa (wishing tree) failed to provide the proper service.
These law-givers (e.g., Kṣemaṅkara) are listed in various Jain sources, such as the Bhagavatīsūtra and Jambūdvīpaprajñapti in Śvetāmbara, or the Tiloyapaṇṇatti and Ādipurāṇa in the Digambara tradition.Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
1) Kṣemaṅkara (क्षेमङ्कर) is the name of a Vidyādhara-city, situated on mount Vaitāḍhya (in the southern row), according to chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly, “[...] Taking their families and all their retinue and ascending the best of cars, they went to Vaitāḍhya. [...] Ten yojanas above the earth, King Nami made fifty cities on the mountain in a southern row [viz., Kṣemaṅkara]. Nami himself lived in Śrīrathanūpuracakravāla, the capital city among these cities. [...] The two rows of Vidyādhara-cities looked very magnificent, as if the Vyantara rows above were reflected below. After making many villages [viz., Kṣemaṅkara] and suburbs, they established communities according to the suitability of place. The communities there were called by the same name as the community from which the men had been brought and put there. [...]”.
2) Kṣemaṅkara (क्षेमङ्कर) is the name of an ancient king from Ratnasañcayā, according to chapter 5.3 [śāntinātha-caritra].—Accordingly:—“In this very Jambūdvīpa in the East Videhas the province Maṅgalāvatī is located on the south bank of the Sītā. In it is the broad city Ratnasañcayā, like a bride of the ocean (ratnākara), because of its resemblance to heaps of jewels. Its king was Kṣemaṅkara, causing the acquisition and security of wealth, powerful as the wind. His wife was Ratnamālā, spotless as a wreath of jewels, delicate as a wreath of flowers. [...]”.
3) Kṣemaṅkara (क्षेमङ्कर) is the name of an ancient Muni, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.4 [Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa].—Accordingly, “When King Vijaya heard that Vajrabāhu had become a mendicant, he became disgusted with existence at the thought, ‘He, though a boy, is better than I’. Then Vijaya installed his son, Purandara, in his kingdom and took the vow under Muni Nirvāṇamoha. Purandara put on the throne his son, Kīrtidhara, borne by Pṛthivī, and became an ascetic under the sage, Kṣemaṅkara. Then King Kīrtidhara enjoyed pleasures of the senses with his wife Sahadevī, like Purandara with Paulomī. [...]”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kṣēmaṅkara (क्षेमंकर).—a S That confers happiness; that promotes the weal of.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) Propitious, &c.: see the preceding. f. (-rī) The Brahmani kite or Coromandel eagle, which is considered as a bird of good omen, (Falco ponticerianus.) E. kṣema and kṛ to make, with khac aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kṣemaṅkara (क्षेमङ्कर):—[kṣema-ṅkara] (raḥ-rāraṃ) a. Propitious, auspicious. m. A brāhmani kite (Falco ponticerianus).Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Kṣemaṅkara (क्षेमङ्कर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Khemaṃkara.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Kṣēmaṃkara (ಕ್ಷೇಮಂಕರ):—[adjective] conferring or causing happiness, ease or comfort.
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1) [noun] a man who causes or confers or promotes happiness, ease or comfort.
2) [noun] (Jain.) a class of deities.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 7 books and stories containing Kshemankara, Kṣemaṅkara, Ksemankara, Kṣēmaṅkara, Kshema-nkara, Kṣema-ṅkara, Ksema-nkara, Kshemamkara, Kṣēmaṃkara; (plurals include: Kshemankaras, Kṣemaṅkaras, Ksemankaras, Kṣēmaṅkaras, nkaras, ṅkaras, Kshemamkaras, Kṣēmaṃkaras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Tibetan tales (derived from Indian sources) (by W. R. S. Ralston)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 8: Initiation of Vajrāyudha < [Chapter III - Eighth incarnation as Vajrāyudha]
Part 3: Kṣemaṅkara’s omniscience < [Chapter III - Eighth incarnation as Vajrāyudha]
Part 1: Incarnation as Vajrāyudha (introduction) < [Chapter III - Eighth incarnation as Vajrāyudha]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 127 - Greatness of Kṣemaṅkareśvara (Kṣemaṅkara-īśvara) < [Section 1 - Prabhāsa-kṣetra-māhātmya]
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary) (by Vijay K. Jain)
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)