Kartarimukha, aka: Kartarīmukha, Kartari-mukha; 5 Definition(s)
Kartarimukha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Kartarīmukha (कर्तरीमुख, “scissors’ blades”) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with a ‘single hand’ (asaṃyuta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
One of the Twenty-eight Single Hands (hasta):—Kartarī-mukha (arrow shaft face): in the same hand, the forefingerand little finger are outspread. Usage: separation of woman and man, opposition or overturning, stealing, the cornerof the eye, death, disagreement, lightning, sleeping alone, falling, a creeper.
According to another book: the forefinger of the Tripatāka hand is out(-spread). Once upon a time, the sages say, Śaśāṅkaśekhara (Śiva), set out to slay Jaḍandhara; he drew a circle round the centre of the earth with his forefinger, and that is the origin of the Kartarī-mukha hand. It originates from Śiva, itssage is Parjaniya, its race Kṣattriya, its colour coppery, its patrondeity Cakrapāṇi (Viṣṇu). Usage: red paint for the feet (padā-laktaka), drawing patterns on the body, yearning of separated husband and wife, overturning or opposition, Mādhava, lightning, sleeping alone, buffalo, deer, fly-whisk, hill-top, elephant,bull, cow, thick coil of hair, Kṣattriya caste, copper colour, scissors, tower.
Note: A fuller description of the Kartarī-mukha hand is quoted by T. A. Gopinatha Rao, from an unnamed source, in “Hindu Iconography,” 1914, p. xxxi, where it is stated that it is used for holding attributes such as the conchand discus; and also that the thumb and third finger should meet near the middle of the palms. The hands of images conform to this rule in most cases, but not invariably. Most likely there exists some confusion of Kartarī-mukha and Mayura hands. Our figure shows the Kartarī-mukha hand according to the text description.Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Kartarīmukha (कर्तरीमुख, “scissors’ blades”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with a single hand (asaṃyuta-hasta);—(Instructions): The forefinger of the Tripatāka hand is to bend backwards.
(Uses): This [hand with its fingers] pointing downwards will represent showing the way, decorating the feet or dying them, and the crawling [of babies]. With fingers pointing upwards it will represent biting, horn and letters. And when the fingers in it are turned differently (i.e. the middle finger is bent backwards) it will represent falling down, death, transgression, reversion, cogitation and putting [anything] in trust.Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Kartarīmukha (कर्तरीमुख) or Kartarīmukhahasta refers to “scissors-like” and represents one of the twenty-four gestures with a single hand, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Accordingly, pratimā-lakṣaṇa (body postures of the icons) is comprised of hand gestures (hasta, mudrā or kai-amaiti), stances/poses (āsanas) and inflexions of the body (bhaṅgas). There are thirty-two types of hands [viz., kartarīmukha-hasta] classified into two major groups known as tolirkai (functional and expressive gestures) and elirkai (graceful posture of the hand).Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Languages of India and abroad
Kartarīmukha (कर्तरीमुख).—A particular position of the hands.
Derivable forms: kartarīmukhaḥ (कर्तरीमुखः).
Kartarīmukha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kartarī and mukha (मुख). See also (synonyms): kartarikāmukha.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 2 books and stories containing Kartarimukha, Kartarīmukha or Kartari-mukha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Mirror of Gesture (abhinaya-darpana) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)
Plate VII - Hands of Images < [Plates]
The Natyashastra (by Bharata-muni)