Karshya, Kārśya, Kārṣya, Kashrya: 18 definitions


Karshya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Kārśya and Kārṣya can be transliterated into English as Karsya or Karshya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kārśya (कार्श्य, “thinness”) represents the first stage of the action of poison (viṣa) after drinking it, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 26. It is also known by the name Kṣāma. In a dramatic play, the representation of death from drinking poison is displayed by throwing out of hands and feet and other limbs. The power of the poison will lead to the quivering action of the different parts of the body.

Kārśya according to the Nāṭyaśāstra: “eyes with sunken eyeballs, depressed cheeks, lips, and thinness of the belly and of the shoulder and of arms will represent thinness (kārśya)”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Kārśya (कार्श्य) refers to “emaciation”, mentioned in verse 4.11-12 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] Xerostomia, flaccidity of limbs, deafness, stupor, giddiness, and heart-disease (result) from the restraint of thirst. In this ease every cold application (is) wholesome. Racking in the limbs, anorexia, lassitude, emaciation [viz., kārśya], stitches, and giddiness (result from the restraint) of hunger. In this case light, fat, warm, and little food (is) to be taken. [...]”.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Kārśya (कार्श्य) refers to “emaciation” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning kārśya] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kārśya (कार्श्य):—Thinness, emaciation, leanness

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Kārśya (कार्श्य) refers to “emaciation (of limbs)” and is a symptom of a (venemous) bite caused by the Kumuda rats, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—[Cf. kumudasyāṅgakārśyaṃ syāt śyāvadāhabhramajvarāḥ]

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Kārśya (कार्श्य) refers to “thinness” according to the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 18). Accordingly, “an abnormal excess of vayu, food and drinks, coarse and unmixed with clarified butter, etc., fasting, in-sufficient meal, excessive use of purgatives, vomiting, etc., grief, suppression of calls of nature and sleep, frequent illness, sexual intercourse in excess, physical exercise, regulated diet, fear, and brooding over loss of riches, etc.—The following are the symptoms of a very thin (kārśya) man:—dryness of the buttock, belly, and shoulder, prominence of the nerves all over the body, dryness of skin and bones, swelling of the joints and the face”.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Karshya in India is the name of a plant defined with Artocarpus lakoocha in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Artocarpus yunnanensis Hu (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora Indica (1832)
· Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica (1957)
· Bulletin of the Fan Memorial Institute of Biology (1937)
· Mem. Wern. Soc. (1826)
· Taxon (1977)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Karshya, for example health benefits, side effects, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, diet and recipes, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kārśya (कार्श्य).—m S Meagreness, leanness, scantiness of girth.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kārśya (कार्श्य).—m Leanness, meagreness; scanti- ness of girth.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kārśya (कार्श्य).—

1) Thinness, emaciation, leanness; कार्श्यं येन त्यजति विधिना स त्वयैवोपपाद्यः (kārśyaṃ yena tyajati vidhinā sa tvayaivopapādyaḥ) Meghadūta 29.

2) Smallness, littleness, scantiness; अर्थकार्श्यम् (arthakārśyam) poverty; R.5.21.

Derivable forms: kārśyam (कार्श्यम्).

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Kārṣya (कार्ष्य).—The tree Shorea robusta. (śāla).

Derivable forms: kārṣyaḥ (कार्ष्यः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kārśya (कार्श्य).—m.

(-rśyaḥ) The Sal tree, (Shorea robusta:) see kārṣya. n.

(-rṣyaṃ) Thinness, emaciation. E. kṛśa thin, ghañ aff.

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Kārṣya (कार्ष्य).—m.

(-rṣyaḥ) The Sal tree, (Shorea robusta) E. kṛṣ to make furrows, ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kārśya (कार्श्य).—i. e. kṛśa + ya, n. 1. Meagerness, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 30. 2. Smallness, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 5, 21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kārśya (कार्श्य).—[neuter] meagerness, thinness, smallness, decrease.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karśya (कर्श्य):—[from karśana] m. turmeric plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Kārśya (कार्श्य):—1. kārśya m. Name of a plant (= kārṣya, kārṣmarya), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) another plant (= karcūra), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) the plant Artocarpus Lacucha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) 2. kārśya n. ([from] kṛśa [gana] dṛḍhādi), emaciation, thinness, [Suśruta; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara etc.]

6) ‘smallness (of property)’ See artha-k.

7) Kārṣya (कार्ष्य):—m. the tree Shorea robusta, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) the tree Artocarpus Lacucha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kārśya (कार्श्य):—(rśyaḥ) 1. m. The Sāl tree.

2) Kārṣya (कार्ष्य):—(rṣyaḥ) 1. m. The Sāl tree.

[Sanskrit to German]

Karshya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kāśrya (ಕಾಶ್ರ್ಯ):—[noun] (rhet.) one of the ten stages of agony of being separated from one’s lover.

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Kāṣrya (ಕಾಷ್ರ್ಯ):—[noun] the tree Shorea talura (= S. robusta, = Vatica robusta) of Dipterocarpaceae family; Indian dammar.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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