Kalyanasundara, Kalyāṇasundara, Kalyana-sundara, Kalyānasundara: 4 definitions


Kalyanasundara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kalyanasundara in Shaivism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

1) Kalyāṇasundara (कल्याणसुन्दर) or Kalyāṇasundaramūrti refers to one of the twenty-three forms (mūrti) of Śiva mentioned in the Pūrvakāmikāgama (pratimālakṣaṇavidhi-paṭala): first and foremost among the Mūlāgama. The forms of Śiva (e.g., Kalyāṇa-sundara) are established through a process known as Sādākhya, described as a five-fold process of creation.

2) Kalyānasundara is also listed among the eight forms (mūrti) of Śiva mentioned in the Rauravāgama: the sixteenth among the Siddhāntaśaivāgamas.

3) Kalyāṇasundara is also listed among the eighteen forms (mūrti) of Śiva mentioned in the Śilparatna (twenty-second adhyāya): a technical treatise by Śrīkumāra on Śilpaśāstra.

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

[«previous next»] — Kalyanasundara in Shilpashastra glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Kalyāṇasundara (or Kalyāṇasundaramūrti) is the name of a deity depicted in the Jambukeswarar Temple in Tiruvānaikoyil (Thiruvanaikaval) which is one of the Pañcasabhā or “five halls where Śiva is said to have danced”.—In this sannidhi [viz., Kalyāṇasundara-mūrti], there are images of Śiva and Pārvatī in a marriage scene. Śiva in the form of Kalyāṇa-sundara-mūrti is found standing. He is found with four hands. The upper right hand holds paraśu and the upper left hand holds mṛga. The lower right hand is placed on the right hand of the Goddess Pārvatī. The lower left hand is in varada-hasta. Pārvatī is found to the right of Śiva. Her right hand is placed below the lower right hand of the lord. The left hand of the goddess is in kataka holding a flower. Usually, in this scene, Viṣṇu is also present, making the kanyā-dāna. But in this sannidhi, Viṣṇu is not seen.

Kalyāṇa Sundara Valli Thāyār is also depicted at the  Kallazhagar Temple in  Madurai, which represents a sacred place for the worship of Viṣṇu.—Kalyāṇa Sundara Valli Thāyār is represented as seated in padmāsana posture with four hands. The upper hands hold the lotus in kaṭaka-hasta and the other hands are in abhaya and varada-hasta. While representing in dance, she is represented as seated in the butterfly position with four hands. The upper two hands are in kapittha-hasta and the lower hands hold patāka and patāka inverted. Dvāra Śakti is found at the entrance of the sannidhi of Kalyāṇa Sundara Valli Thāyār.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Kalyāṇasundara (कल्याणसुन्दर) or Kalyāṇasundararasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 6, Hridroga: heart-diseases). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., kalyāṇasundara-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

[«previous next»] — Kalyanasundara in India history glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kalyāṇasundara.—Śiva represented as marrying Umā Haimavatī. Note: kalyāṇasundara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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