Kalyana, Kalyāṇa, Kalyāna: 22 definitions
Kalyana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Kalyan.
Vastushastra (architecture)Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Kalyāṇa (कल्याण) refers to a variety of prāsāda (‘superstructure’, or, upper storey of any building), according to the Mayamata (5th-century guidebook on Dravidian architecture). It is part of the Dvitala (two-storey) group of prāsādas.
The Kalyāṇa variety has the following specifications and decorative motif components:
Number of talas (levels): 2;
Shape of grīva (neck) and śikhara (head): Square;
Number of śālas: 4;
Number of kūṭas: 4;
Number of pañjaras: 8 (shorter that śāla and kūṭa);
Number of alpanāsis: 72;
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Kalyāṇa (कल्याण) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Kalyāṇa corresponds to Kāñcana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Kalyāṇa (कल्याण).—A sage. Once certain Aṅgirases including this sage observed sattra (sacrifice) for the attainment of Heaven. But nobody was sure about the Devayāna path which leads to Heaven. So they selected Kalyāṇa to find out the path. He went in search of the Devayāna path and on the way he met Ūrṇāyu, a Gandharva who was in the company of some apsarā women. The gandharva disclosed the Sāma which would enable Kalyāṇa to find out the Devayāna path. On his return, Kalyāṇa told the other Ṛṣis that he had received the Sāma, but he refused to disclose from whom he obtained it. With the help of that Sāma known as Aurṇāyuva, the Aṅgirases attained Heaven, but because of his failure to disclose the whole truth, Kalyāṇa was denied access to Heaven. Besides that, he became a victim to the disease of leprosy. (Pañcaviṃśa Brāhmaṇam).
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
A king of the Mahasammata race. He was the son of Vararoja and one of the ancestors of the Sakyans. His son was Varakalyana. DA.i.258; SnA.i.352; J.ii.311; iii.464; Mhv.ii.2; Dpv.iii.4; Mtu.i.345.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism
Kalyāṇa (कल्याण) (son of Vararoca and father of Varakalyāna) is the name of an ancient king from the Solar dynasty (sūryavaṃśa) and a descendant of Mahāsaṃmata, according to the Dīpavaṃśa and the Mahāvaṃśa. Kalyāṇa is also mentioned in the Mahāvastu of the Mahāsaṃghikas (and the Lokottaravāda school). He is also mentioned in the Dulva (the Tibetan translation of the Vinaya of the Sarvāstivādins).
Kalyāṇa is also mentioned as Kaḷyāna (Kalyāna) in the Mahābuddhavaṃsa or Maha Buddhavamsa (the great chronicle of Buddhas) Anudīpanī chapter 1, compiled by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw. These twenty-eight kings were of long lives of asaṅkhyeyya (asaṃkhyeya) years. The twenty-seven kings [viz., Kalyāṇa] after Mahāsammata were his descendants. Some of these twenty-eight kings reigned in Kusavatī City, others in Rājagaha and still others in Mithilā.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Kalyāṇa (कल्याण) is a technical word for five important occasions in the life of a Tīrthaṅkara: conception, birth, initiation, attainment of omniscience, and nīrvāṇa.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Kalyāṇa.—(CII 1), a good deed which is beneficial to the people; a ceremony to bring health and prosperity to a person (Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXV, p. 147); cf. maṅgala in the same senses. (EI 19), a festival (especially, marriage); cf. kalyāṇa- maṇdapa. Note: kalyāṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
kalyāṇa : (adj.) charming; morally good. (nt.), goodness; merit; virtue; welfare.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Kalyāṇa, (& kallāṇa) (Vedic kalyāṇa) 1. (adj.) beautiful, charming; auspicious, helpful, morally good. Syn. bhaddaka PvA. 9, 116) and kusala (S. II, 118; PvA. 9, 122); opp. pāpa (S. I, 83; M. I, 43; PvA. 101, 116 and under °mitta). kata°=katûpakāra PvA. 116 applied to dhamma in phrase ādi° majjhe° pariyosāne° D. I, 62 and ≈; S. V, 152; Sn. p. 103; VvA. 87; Vism. 213 sq. (in var. applications); etc.—As m. one who observes the sīlapadaṃ (opp. pāpa, who violates it) A. II, 222, cp. k°-mittā=sīlâdīhi adhikā SnA 341.—S. IV, 303; V, 2, 29, 78; A. III, 77; IV, 361; Vin. II, 8, 95; J. I, 4; Miln. 297;—kata° (opp. kata-pāpa) of good, virtuous character, in phrase k° katakusala, etc. It. 25, etc. (see kata II. 1 a). k° of kitti (-sadda) D. I, 49 (=DA. I, 146 seṭṭha); S. IV, 374; V, 352; of jhāna (tividha°) Bdhd 96, 98, 99; of mittā, friends in general (see also cpd.) Dh. 78 (na bhaje pāpake mitte ... bhajetha m° kalyāṇe), 116, 375 (=suddhâjīvin); Sn. 338.—2. (nt.) (a) a good or useful thing, good things Vin. I, 117; A. III, 109; cp. bhadraṃ. ‹-› (b) goodness, virtue, merit, meritorious action J. V, 49 (kalyāṇā here nt. Nom. in sense of pl.; cp. Vedic nt.), 492;— °ṃ karoti to perform good deeds S. I, 72; A. I, 138 sq.; Vin. I, 73; PvA. 122.—(c) kindness, good service J. I, 378; III, 12 (=upakāra), 68 (°ṃ karoti). ‹-› (d) beauty, attraction, perfection; enumerated as 5 kalyāṇāni, viz. kesa°, maṃsa°, aṭṭhi°, chavi°, vaya° i.e. beauty of hair, flesh, teeth, skin, youth J. I, 394; DhA. I, 387.
—ajjhāsaya the wish or intention to do good DhA. I, 9;—âdhimuttika disposed towards virtue, bent on goodness S. II, 154, 158; It. 70, 78; Vbh. 341;—kāma desiring what is good A. III, 109;—kārin (a) doing good, virtuous (opp. pāpa°) S. I, 227, cp. J. II, 202=III, 158; DhsA. 390; (m.) who has rendered a service J. VI, 182;—carita walking in goodness, practising virtue Vbh. 341;—jātika one whose nature is pleasantness, agreeable J. III, 82;—dassana looking nice, lovely, handsome Sn. 551=Th. 1, 821 (+kañcanasannibhattaca);—dhamma (1) of virtuous character, of good conduct, virtuous Vin. I, 73; III, 133; S. V, 352; Pug. 26; It. 96; Pv IV. 135; Miln. 129; DhA. I, 380; J. II, 65 (=sundara°), PvA. 230 (=sundara-sīla); sīlavā+k° (of bhikkhu, etc.) M. I, 334; S. IV, 303; PvA. 13.—k°ena k°atara perfectly good or virtuous A. II, 224.—(2) the Good Doctrine DhA. I, 7.—°tā the state of having a virtuous character A. II, 36;—pañña “wise in goodness” possessed of true wisdom Th. 1, 506; It. 97;—paṭipadā the path of goodness or virtue, consisting of dāna, uposathakamma & dasakusalakammapathā J. III, 342;—paṭibhāṇa of happy retort, of good reply A. III, 58, cp. Miln. 3;—pāpaka good and bad J. V, 238; VI, 225; Kvu 45; (nt.) goodness and evil J. V, 493;—pīti one who delights in what is good Sn. 969;—bhattika having good, nice food Vin. II, 77; III, 160 (of a householder);—mitta 1. a good companion, a virtuous friend, an honest, pure friend; at Pug. 24 he is said to “have faith, be virtuous, learned, liberal and wise”; M. I, 43 (opp. pāpa°); S. I, 83, 87 (do.); A. IV, 30, 357; Pug. 37, 41; J. III, 197; Bdhd 90; a° not a virtuous friend DhsA. 247.—2. as t. t. a spiritual guide, spiritual adviser. The Buddha is the spiritual friend par excellence, but any other Arahant can act as such S. V, 3; Vism. 89, 98, 121; cp. kammaṭṭhāna-dāyaka.—mittatā friendship with the good and virtuous, association with the virtuous S. I, 87; such friendship is of immense help for the attainment of the Path and Perfection S. V, 3, 32; it is the sign that the bhikkhu will realize the 7 bojjhaṅgas S. V, 78=101; A. I, 16, 83, it is one of the 7 things conducive to the welfare of a bhikkhu D. III, 212; A. IV, 29, 282; Th. 2, 213; It. 10; Dhs. 1328=Pug. 24; Vism. 107.—a° not having a virtuous friend and good adviser DhsA. 247. —rūpa beautiful, handsome J. III, 82; V, 204; —vākkaraṇa, usually comb. with °vāca, of pleasant conversation, of good address or enunciation, reciting clearly D. I, 93, 115; A. II, 97; III, 114, 263; IV, 279; Vin. II, 139; Miln. 21; DA. I, 263 (=madhura-vacana); a° not pronouncing or reciting clearly D. I, 94. 122; —°tā the fact of being of good and pleasing address A. I, 38; —vāca, usually in form. k° k°-vākkaraṇo poriyā vācāya samannāgato D. I, 114; A. II, 97; III, 114, 195, 263; IV, 279; Vin. II, 139; DA. I, 282; —sadda a lucky word or speech J. II, 64; —sampavaṅka a good companion A. IV, 357 (in phrase k°-mitta k°-sahāya k°-s°); Pug. 37; —°tā companionship with a virtuous friend S. I, 87. —sahāya a good, virtuous companion A. IV, 284; 357; Pug. 37; cp. prec. , —°tā=prec. S. I, 87; —sīla practising virtue, of good conduct, virtuous Th. 1, 1008; It. 96. (Page 199)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kalyāṇa (कल्याण).—n (S) Well-being, welfare, weal. 2 m A Rag or musical mode. See rāga.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
kalyāṇa (कल्याण).—n Welfare, wellbeing. A musical mode.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Kalyāṇa (कल्याण).—a. (-ṇā or -ṇī f.) [कल्ये प्रातः अण्यते शब्द्यते, अण्-घञ् (kalye prātaḥ aṇyate śabdyate, aṇ-ghañ)]
1) Blessed, happy, lucky, fortunate; त्वमेव कल्याणि तयोस्तृतीया (tvameva kalyāṇi tayostṛtīyā) R.6.29; Me.111.
2) Beautiful, agreeable, lovely.
3) Excellent, illustrious; यत् कल्याणं जिघ्रति तदात्माने (yat kalyāṇaṃ jighrati tadātmāne) Bṛ. Up.1.3.3; Mu.4.4.
4) Auspicious, salutary, propitious, good; U.2.2; कल्याणानां त्वमसि महतां भाजनं विश्वमूर्ते (kalyāṇānāṃ tvamasi mahatāṃ bhājanaṃ viśvamūrte) Māl.1.3.
5) True, authentic; कल्याणी बत गाथेयम् (kalyāṇī bata gātheyam) Rām.5.34.6.
-ṇam 1 Good fortune, happiness, good, prosperity; कल्याणं कुरुतां जनस्य भगवां- श्चन्द्रार्धचूडामणिः (kalyāṇaṃ kurutāṃ janasya bhagavāṃ- ścandrārdhacūḍāmaṇiḥ) H.1.185; तद्रक्ष कल्याणपरंपराणां भोक्तारमूर्ज- स्वलमात्मदेहम् (tadrakṣa kalyāṇaparaṃparāṇāṃ bhoktāramūrja- svalamātmadeham) R.2.5;17.11; Ms.3.6; so °अभिनिवेशी (abhiniveśī) K.14.
6) A class of five-storeyed buildings; Māna.23.3. 32.
-ṇaḥ 1 An elephant in the fourth decade. Mātaṅga L.5.14,6.6,9.26.
2) A particular Rāga.
-ṇī 1 A cow.
2) Holy or sacred cow; उपस्थितेयं कल्याणी नाम्नि कीर्तित एव यत् (upasthiteyaṃ kalyāṇī nāmni kīrtita eva yat) R.1.87.
3) A young cow, heifer; U.4.
4) A Particular Rāgiṇī.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Kalyāṇa (कल्याण).—(= Pali id.), name of a mythical early king: Mahāvyutpatti 3554; Mahāvastu i.348.8. In Mahāvyutpatti son of Roca and grandson of Mahāsaṃmata; in Mahāvastu son of the latter; in Pali son of Vararoja, the son of Roja = Roca.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṇaḥ-ṇī-ṇaṃ) Happy, well, right, prosperous, lucky. f. (-ṇī) 1. A cow. 2. A leguminous shrub, (Glycine debilis.) n.
(-ṇaṃ) 1. Good fortune, happiness, prosperity. 2. Gold. E. kalya healthy, &c. a to be, to sound, aṇ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kalyāṇa (कल्याण).— (cf. kalya), I. adj., f. (nā, and) ṇī. 1. Prosperous, [Nala] 12, 92. 2. Blessed, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 91; [Nala] 8, 10. Ii. n. 1. Prosperity, welfare, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 60. 2. A virtuous action, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 54, 29. 3. An entertainment, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 392.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kalyāṇa (कल्याण).—([feminine] kalyāṇī) beautiful, lovely, good, excellent, noble, auspicious, fortunate. [feminine] ṇī a kind of shrub; [neuter] fortune, happiness, virtue (p. ṇin†); festival.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Kalyāṇa (कल्याण) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—son of Gaṅgādāsa, son of Nārāyaṇa, patron of Kṛṣṇa (Prakriyākaumudīṭīkā). Io. 2065. 2066.
2) Kalyāṇa (कल्याण):—father of Rājarṣi (Daśācintāmaṇi). L. 2970.
3) Kalyāṇa (कल्याण):—poet, pupil of Alakadatta, contemporary of Maṅkha. Śrīkaṇṭhacarita 25, 80.
4) Kalyāṇa (कल्याण):—Agniṣṭomaprayogaṭippaṇa. NW. 8. Āśvalāyanasūtraṭippaṇa. NW. 10. Kātyāyanasūtraṭippaṇa. NW. 10. Pavamānaṭippaṇa. NW. 8. Puruṣasūktaṭippaṇa. NW. 8. Rātrisūktaṭippaṇa. NW. 8.
Kalyāṇa has the following synonyms: Kalyāṇajī.
5) Kalyāṇa (कल्याण):—Gītagaṅgādharakāvya. Oxf. 129^a.
6) Kalyāṇa (कल्याण):—Tithikalpadruma jy. B. 4, 146.
7) Kalyāṇa (कल्याण):—son of Mahīdhara, grandson of Rāmadāsa, composed in 1587: Bālatantra (med.). L. 818. K. 214. Peters. 3, 399.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kalyāṇa (कल्याण):—[from kalya] mf(ī)n. ([gana] bahv-ādi) beautiful, agreeable, [Ṛg-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] illustrious, noble, generous
3) [v.s. ...] excellent, virtuous, good (kalyāṇa [vocative case] ‘good sir’; kalyāṇi, ‘good lady’)
4) [v.s. ...] beneficial, salutary, auspicious
5) [v.s. ...] happy, prosperous, fortunate, lucky, well, right, [Ṛg-veda i, 31, 9; iii, 53, 6; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Nirukta, by Yāska ii, 3; Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]
6) [v.s. ...] m. a particular Rāga (sung at night)
7) [v.s. ...] Name of a Gandharva
8) [v.s. ...] of a prince (also called Bhaṭṭa-śrī-kalyāṇa)
9) [v.s. ...] of the author of the poem Gītā-gaṅgā-dhara
10) [from kalya] n. good fortune, happiness, prosperity
11) [v.s. ...] good conduct, virtue (opposed to pāpa), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Bhagavad-gītā; Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa; Pañcatantra; Manu-smṛti iii, 60, 65; Suśruta]
12) [v.s. ...] a festival, [Manu-smṛti viii, 292]
13) [v.s. ...] gold, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
14) [v.s. ...] heaven, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
15) [v.s. ...] Name of the eleventh of the fourteen Pūrvas or most ancient writings of the Jainas, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
16) [v.s. ...] a form of salutation (‘Hail!’ ‘May luck attend you!’), [Śāntiśataka]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kalyāṇa (कल्याण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. n. Good fortune. f. (ṇo) a cow; a shrub. a. Happy.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)