Kabandha, Kabamdha: 19 definitions


Kabandha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kabandha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kabandha (कबन्ध).—General information. The demon who attacked Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa while they were wandering in Daṇḍakāraṇya after the abduction of Sītā by Rāvaṇa. (See full article at Story of Kabandha from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kabandha (कबन्ध) refers to a “headless body”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.42.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] Thus commanded by Śiva, Vīrabhadra, hastened to bring the headless body (i.e., kabandha) of Dakṣa which he threw in front of Śiva. [...] After doing in accordance with what lord Śiva had said, Viṣṇu, the gods and I acquainted Bhṛgu with the same quickly. At the bidding of Śiva, they immediately joined the head of the sacrificial animal, the goat, with the body of Dakṣa”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kabandha (कबन्ध).—Killed by Śrī Rāma; an Asura in Tatvalam.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 10. 12; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 16; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 96.

1b) A pupil of Sumantu of Atharvan fame. He imparted the Veda to two disciples Pathya and Devadarśa (Vedasparśa,, Vāyu-purāṇa) dividing it into two.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 56; Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 50; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 6. 9.

1c) An Asura chief in Atalam.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 16.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)

Kabandha (कबन्ध) of Rāmāyaṇa had his face in the stomach due to a blow given by Indra. Kabandha is mentioned as one of the Śivagaṇa in Skāndapurāṇa 1.2.47. For the identification of these gaṇa some clues are found in Śivapurāṇa in the description of Kailāsa. Śiva was surrounded by figures with many heads, no head etc. This figure in our sculpture must be one such personage in the train of Śiva in the Kailāsa. C. Śivaramamurti points out an image of Kabandha hailing from Prambanam in Java. In the context of the Javanese version Rāmāyaṇa, the arrow of Rāma pierces through the second head of Kabandha

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Kabandha (कबन्ध) refers to a “headless human body”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The dark spots, also known as ketus, the sons of Rāhu are Tāmasa, Kīlaka and the like, and are 33 in number. How they affect the earth depends upon their color, position and shape. If these spots should appear on the solar disc, mankind will suffer miseries; if on the lunar disc mankind will be happy; but if they take the shape of a crow, a headless human body [i.e., kabandha], or a weapon, mankind will suffer even though the spots should appear on the moon”.

2) Kabandha (कबन्ध) or Kabandhaketu refers to certain types of Ketus (i.e., luminous bodies such as comets and meteors), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11).—Accordingly, “The comets that resemble a headless trunk are named Kabandha Ketus; they are the sons of Yama, are 96 in number and are without discs; when they appear there will be much fear all over the Earth. The comets that are white possessing a single disc are 9 in number; they appear in the four corners. Thus we have given an account of 1,000 Ketus. We shall now give a few particulars connected with them”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Kabandha (कबन्ध) refers to a “decapitated corpse” and represents one of the items held in the right hand of Heruka: one of the main deities of the Herukamaṇḍala described in the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Heruka is positioned in the Lotus (padma) at the center; He is the origin of all heroes; He has 17 faces (with three eyes on each) and 76 arms [holding, for example, kabandha]; He is half black and half green in color; He is dancing on a flaming sun placed on Bhairava and Kālarātrī.

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Kabandha (कबन्ध) refers to “those who are headless”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly: [while explaining the body circle (kāyacakra)]: “[...] There are also other females [who are] headless (kabandha) and running, headless and dancing, and legless and sleeping. [Some] have heads [in the shape] of beaks of a crow and other [birds] They also dance with joy because of being in a great meditative state. This way, he should make lunar mansions and so on [placed] in the middle of the ground. [They] should be known in [their] respective colors. Everyone has a vehicle. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kabandha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kabandha : (m.) headless (trunk of the) body.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kabandha (कबंध).—m n (S) A headless trunk. ka0 nācaṇēṃ (Because, according to the Puran̤s, a trunk rises and dances upon the slaughter of 100000 persons.) A figure expressive of exceeding carnage.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kabandha (कबन्ध).—A headless trunk (especially when it retains life); (svaṃ) नृत्यत्कबन्धं समरे ददर्श (nṛtyatkabandhaṃ samare dadarśa) R.7.51, 12.49; शिवातूर्यनृत्यत्कबन्धे (śivātūryanṛtyatkabandhe) Ve.1.27. यस्य नेष्यति वपुः कबन्धताम् (yasya neṣyati vapuḥ kabandhatām) Śi.

-ndhaḥ 1 The belly; a large belly-like vessel; वसोः कबन्धमृषभो बिभर्ति (vasoḥ kabandhamṛṣabho bibharti) Av.9.4.3.

2) A cloud.

3) A comet.

4) Name of Rāhu.

5) Water (said to be n. also in this sense); Śiśupālavadha 16.67.

6) Name of a mighty demon mentioned in the Rāmāyana. [While Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa lived in the Dandkā forest, Kabandha attacked them and was slain by them. It is said that, though at first a heavenly being, he was cursed by Indra to assume the form of a demon and to be in that state till killed by Rāma and Laksmaṇa. He advised Rāma to form friendship with Sugrīva; see Rām.3.69.27 ff.; वधनिर्धूतशापस्य कबन्धस्योपदेशतः । मुमूर्छ सख्यं रामस्य समानव्यसने हरौ (vadhanirdhūtaśāpasya kabandhasyopadeśataḥ | mumūrcha sakhyaṃ rāmasya samānavyasane harau) || R.12.57].

Derivable forms: kabandhaḥ (कबन्धः), kabandham (कबन्धम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kabandha (कबन्ध).—mn.

(-ndhaḥ-ndhaṃ) A headless trunk, especially retaining vitality. n.

(-ndhaṃ) Water. m.

(-ndhaḥ) 1. A name of Rahu. 2. Also of a demon destroyed by Rama. 3. The belly. E. kaṃ the head, and badh to injure, to lop, affix ac; also kaṃ water, and bandha binding, attaching.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kabandha (कबन्ध).—and kavandha ka- vandha, m. and n. 1. A headless trunk, especially one retaining the power of action, Böhtl. Ind. Sp. 166. 2. A belly, Mahābhārata 3, 806. 3. A cloud, or vapour, Mahābhārata 3, 13087. 4. The name of a demon, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 75, 24, sqq.

— Cf.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kabandha (कबन्ध).—v. kavandha & kavandhin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kabandha (कबन्ध):—mn. (sometimes written kavandha) a big barrel or cask, a large-bellied vessel (metaphorically applied to a cloud), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda ix, 4, 3; x, 2, 3]

2) ([Epic]) the clouds which obscure the sun at sunset and sunrise (sometimes personified), [Mahābhārata]

3) the belly, [Nirukta, by Yāska]

4) a headless trunk (shaped like a barrel; [especially] one retaining vitality, [Horace H. Wilson]), [Rāmāyaṇa; Pañcatantra; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

5) m. Name of the Rākṣasa Danu (son of Śrī; punished by Indra for insolently challenging him to combat; his head and thighs were forced into his body by a blow from the god’s thunderbolt, leaving him with long arms and a huge mouth in his belly; it was predicted that he would not recover his original shape until his arms were cut off by Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa), [Rāmāyaṇa iii, 69, 27ff.; Harivaṃśa; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

6) Name of Rāhu, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Name of certain Ketus (96 in number), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

8) Name of an Ātharvaṇa and Gandharva, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xiv] (kabandha), [Viṣṇu-purāṇa] etc.

9) n. water, [Sāyaṇa] & [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Kābandha (काबन्ध):—([from] kab). See kāv.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kabandha (कबन्ध):—[(ndhaḥ-ndhaṃ)] 1. m. n. The headles trunk still living and acting. m. Rāhu; the belly n. Water.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kabandha (कबन्ध) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kamaṃdha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kabandha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kabaṃdha (ಕಬಂಧ):—

1) [noun] the body of a human being or animal, without the head.

2) [noun] water.

3) [noun] a cloud.

4) [noun] (myth.) eighth of the nine planets, supposed to rule the destinies of human beings; Rāhu.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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