Kadambari, Kādambarī: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kadambari means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kadambari in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kādambarī (कादम्बरी).—A river flowing westwards in Jambūdvīpa. In Bhāgavata 5th Skandha it is said that this river got its name "Kādambarī" because it had the hollow trunk of a Kadamba tree as its source.

2) Kādambarī (कादम्बरी).—An excellent story book in prose written in Sanskrit by the great Sanskrit poet Bāṇabhaṭṭa. Kādambarī is the heroine of the story.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kādambarī (कादम्बरी).—A yoginī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 31. 80.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: Iconography of Balarāma

Kādambarī (कादम्बरी).—Balarāma’s incination towards wine is well described. According to the Harivaṃśa, he tasted wine for the first time when he was on Gotama Giri just before the famous chakra-musala war. It is said that the water accumulated in the hollow of a kadamba tree which blossomed in the rainy season had become an intoxicating drink which was highly relished by Balarāma. It came to be known as kādambarī wine, and enjoyment of it when he visited Vṛja at and advanced age has been described in the Viṣṇu-purāṇa.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kadambari in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Kādambarī (कादम्बरी) refers to a type of wine, according to the Abhijñānaśākuntala IV.p.146, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Different types of wines are described in the works of Kālidāsa. Madya and madira are described in Ṛtusamhāra, āsava, madhu and śīdhu in Raghuvaṃśa, vāruṇī in Kumārasaṃbhava and kādambarī in Abhijñānaśākuntala.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kadambari in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Sum Jaina Canonical Sutras (vividhatirthakalpa)

Kādambarī (कादम्बरी) is a forest near Campā. Here is also a mountain called Kālī. Below this is a large tank called Kuṇḍa. Here lived an elephant named Mahihara. Once Pārśvanātha wandered about for four months in front of Kālikuṇḍa. The elephant saw the Lord and remembering the condition of his previous birth, brought lotuses from the tank and worshipped the Lord with them. King Karakaṇḍu was sad not finding the Lord here. Now, it so happened that a high image sprang up from under the earth. The king duly worshipped it and built a temple for its installation. From this circumstance the place became known as Kālikuṇḍatīrtha.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Kādambarī (कादम्बरी) was the daughter of Gokunātha Upādhyāya (C. 1650-1740 C.E.): the author of Ekāvalī and Vṛttataraṅgiṇī. Gokulanātha was the son of Pītāmbara Upādhyāya and Umā and grandson of Rāmabhadra. He was the younger brother of Trilocana and Dhanañjaya and elder brother of Jagaddhara. He was also the father of Raghunātha Upādhyāya. He lost his only daughter Kādambarī, who was drowned in the river Gaṅgā, when she was a child. Gokulanātha composed a poem namely Kuṇḍakādambarī in her memory.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Kādambarī (कादम्बरी) is the name of a work ascribed to Gokunātha Upādhyāya (C. 1650-1740 C.E.), son of Pītāmbara Upādhyāya, who was exponent on Navya Nyāya system on Indian Philosophy and well-versed in Tantrasāra. Some of Gokulanātha’s verses are mentioned in Vidyākarasahasraka (pp. 92-93).

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kadambari in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kādambarī (कादंबरी).—f (S The name of a book of amusing fictions.) A fiction, invention, tale, romance, legend, any wild fanciful story.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kādambarī (कादंबरी).—f A romance, fiction, tale.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Kadambari in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kādambarī (कादम्बरी).— (for kādamba-vāri), f. 1. The rain-water which collects in the hollow of the tree Nauclea cadamba when the flowers are in perfection, and which is supposed to be impregnated with their honey, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 5417. 2. A spirituous liquor, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 76, 6 ([Prakrit]). 3. A proper name, Sāh. D. 79, 18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kādambarī (कादम्बरी).—[feminine] a cert. spirituous liquor; [Name] of the heroine of Bana's novel and the novel itself.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Kādambarī (कादम्बरी) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a romance, by Bāṇa. The conclusion was supplied by his son Bhūṣaṇabhaṭṭa (Peters. 3, 393. Bühler 541). [Mackenzie Collection] 108. W. p. 165. Oxf. 156. Paris. (B 110. 111. D 259). Khn. 40. K. 76. B. 2, 128. Bik. 262. Kāṭm. 7. Rādh. 20. Oudh. Xv, 44. Burnell. 157^a. P. 19. Bhr. 134. 135. Poona. 202. Taylor. 1, 64. 301. Oppert. 537. 634. 880. 1130. 1210. 1788. 2294. 2571. 2788. 3389. 3961. 5961 (and—[commentary]). 6557. 6880. 7091. 7280. 7591. Ii, 59. 455. 918. 1279. 1436. 1681. 2813. 3326. 3396. 3488. 3610. 5824. 5926. 7518. 8179. 8726. 8893. 9015. Rice. 228 (and—[commentary]). Peters. 2, 188. 3, 393. Bühler 540. Sb. 307. See Abhinavakādambarī, Padyakādambarī, Saṃkṣiptakādambarī.
—[commentary] Oppert. Ii, 3611.
—[commentary] by Bālakṛṣṇa. Gu. 3. Peters. 2, 188.
—[commentary] by Mahādeva. Peters. 2, 188.
—[commentary] Viṣamapadavṛtti by Vaidyanātha Pāyaguṇḍe. K. 76. Oudh. Xv, 44. Bühler 555.
—[commentary] by Śivarāma. Quoted in Preface to Nakṣatramālā.
—[commentary] by Siddhacandragaṇi. Peterson's Edition Ii, 106.
—[commentary] by Sukhākara. Peters. 2, 188.

2) Kādambarī (कादम्बरी):—a
—[commentary] on the Dvaitanirṇaya, by Gokulanātha. Io. 253. Sūcīpattra. 27.

3) Kādambarī (कादम्बरी):—by Bāṇa. read Oppert. 5926 in place of 5961, and Bu7hler 541. 555
—[commentary] by Bhānucandra. Bu7hler 555.

4) Kādambarī (कादम्बरी):—by Bāṇa. Oudh. Xxii, 60. Stein 80. The author of the Uttarabhāga, a son of Bāṇa, is called Bhaṭṭa Pulina in Stein 299.
—[commentary] Stein 80 (inc.).
—[commentary] Viṣamapadavṛtti by Vaidyanātha. Bl. 47. Stein 80.
—[commentary] Cashaka by Śivarāma. Bl. 48.
—[commentary] by Sūracandra. [Bhau Dāji Memorial] 119.

5) Kādambarī (कादम्बरी):—by Bāṇa. Hz. 328. 597. Ulwar 895.
—[commentary] Viṣamapadavyākhyā by Vaidyanātha Pāyaguṇḍa. Ulwar 896.

6) Kādambarī (कादम्बरी):—a romance by Bāṇa. Io. 1220. L.. 399. 400 (first part inc.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kādambarī (कादम्बरी):—[from kādambara] a f. the female of the Kokila or Indian cuckoo, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] the preaching-crow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of Sarasvatī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of Citra-ratha and Madirā

5) [v.s. ...] of a celebrated story by Bāṇa named after her.

6) [v.s. ...] b f. of bara q.v.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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