Ayam, Ayaṃ, Ayaṁ: 10 definitions


Ayam means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Āyam.—(SITI); ‘income’; tax in general. Note: āyam is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Ayam in Philippines is the name of a plant defined with Trianthema portulacastrum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Trianthema flexuosa Schumach. & Thonn. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Fl. Réunion (1895) (1895)
· Fl. Mascareignes (1991)
· Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden (2001)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Philosophische Botanik (Medikus) (1789)
· Mantissa Plantarum (1767)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Ayam, for example pregnancy safety, extract dosage, diet and recipes, side effects, chemical composition, health benefits, have a look at these references.

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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ayaṃ : ((nom. sing. of ima), m.; f.) this person.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ayaṃ, (pron.) (Sk. ayaṃ etc., pron. base Idg. *i (cp. Sk. iha), f. *ī. Cp. Gr. i)n, min; Lat. is (f. ea, nt. id); Goth is, nt. ita; Ohg. er (= he), nt. ez (= it); Lith. jìs (he), f. jì (she). ) demonstr. pron. “this, he”; f. ayaṃ; nt. idaṃ & imaṃ “this, it” etc. This pron. combines in its inflection two stems, viz. as° (ayaṃ in Nom. m. & f.) & im° (id° in Nom. nt.).

I. Forms. A. (sg.) Nom. m. ayaṃ Sn. 235; J. I, 168, 279; f. ayaṃ (Sk. iyaṃ) Kh VII. 12; J. II, 128, 133; nt. idaṃ Sn. 224; J. III, 53; & imaṃ Miln. 46. Acc. m. imaṃ J. II, 160; f. imaṃ (Sk. īmāṃ) Sn. 545, 1002; J. I, 280. Gen. Dat. m. imassa J. I, 222, 279 & assa Sn. 234, 1100; Kh VII. 12 (Dat.); J. II, 158; f. imissā J. I, 179 & assā (Sk. asyāḥ) J. I, 290; DhA. III, 172. Instr. m. nt. iminā J. I, 279; PvA. 80 & (peculiarly or perhaps for amunā) aminā Sn. 137; f. imāya (Sk. anayā) J. I, 267. The Instr. anena (Sk. anena) is not proved in Pāli. Abl. asmā Sn. 185; Dh. 220; & imasmā (not proved). Loc. m. nt. imasmiṃ Kh III, ; J. II, 159 & asmiṃ Sn. 634; Dh. 242; f. imissā PvA. 79 (or imissaṃ?) & imāyaṃ (no ref.).—B. (pl.) Nom. m. ime J. I, 221; Pv. I, 83; f. imā (Sk. imāḥ) Sn. 897 & imāyo Sn. 1122; nt. imāni (= Sk. ) Vin. I, 84. Acc. m. ime (Sk. imān) J. I, 266; II, 416; f. imā (Sk. imāḥ) Sn. 429; J. II, 160. Gen. imesaṃ J. II, 160 & esaṃ (Sk. eṣāṃ) M. II, 86, & esānaṃ M. II, 154; III, 259; f. also āsaṃ J. I, 302 (= etāsaṃ C.) & imāsaṃ. Instr. m. nt imehi J. VI, 364; f. imāhi. Loc. m. nt. imesu (Sk. eṣu) J. I, 307.

II. Meanings (1) ayaṃ refers to what is immediately in front of the speaker (the subject in question) or before his eyes or in his present time & situation, thus often to be trsld. by “before our eyes”, “the present”, “this here”, “just this” (& not the other) (opp. para), viz. atthi imasmiṃ kāye “in this our visible body” Kh III, ; yath’âyaṃ padīpo “like this lamp here” Sn. 235; ayaṃ dakkhiṇā dinnā “the gift which is just given before our eyes” Kh VII. 12; ime pādā imaṃ sīsaṃ ayaṃ kāyo Pv. I, 83; asmiṃ loke paramhi ca “in this world & the other” Sn. 634, asmā lokā paraṃ lokaṃ kathaṃ pecca na socati Sn. 185; cp. also Dh. 220, 410; J. I, 168; III, 53.—(2) It refers to what immediately precedes the present of the speaker, or to what has just been mentioned in the sentence; viz. yaṃ kiñci vittaṃ ... idam pi Buddhe ratanaṃ “whatever ... that” Sn. 224; ime divase these days (just gone) J. II, 416; cp. also Vin. I, 84; Sn. 429; J. II, 128, 160.—(3) It refers to what immediately follows either in time or in thought or in connection: dve ime antā “these are the two extremes, viz.” Vin. I, 10; ayaṃ eva ariyo maggo “this then is the way” ibid. ; cp. J. I, 280. ‹-› (4) With a touch of (often sarcastic) characterisation it establishes a closer personal relation between the speaker & the object in question & is to be trsld. by “like that, such (like), that there, yonder, yon”, e.g. imassa vānarindassa “of that fellow, the monkey” J. I, 279; cp. J. I, 222, 307; II 160 (imesaṃ sattānaṃ “creatures like us”). So also repeated as ayañ ca ayañ ca “this and this”, “so and so” J. II, 3; idañ c’idañ ca “such & such a thing” J. II, 5.—(5) In combination with a pron. rel. it expresses either a generalisation (whoever, whatever) or a specialisation (= that is to say, what there is of, i.e. Ger. und zwar), e.g. yâyaṃ taṇhā Vin. I, 10; yo ca ayaṃ ... yo ca ayaṃ “I mean this ... and I mean” ibid. ; ye kec’ime Sn. 381; yadidaṃ “i.e.Miln. 25; yatha-y-idaṃ “in order that” (w. pot.) Sn. 1092. See also seyyathīdaṃ.—(6) The Gen. of all genders functions in general as a possessive pron. of the 3rd = his, her, its (lit. of him etc.) and thus resembles the use of tassa, e.g. āsava’ssa na vijjanti “his are no intoxications” Sn. 1100; sīlaṃ assā bhindāpessāmi “I shall cause her character to be defamed” J. I, 290; assa bhariyā “his wife” J. II, 158 etc. frequent (Page 75)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āyam (आयम्).—hold out, stretch, extend, lengthen, bend (a bow), put on or draw back (an arrow), throw (a lance), abs. take aim; stop, check, restrain, draw near, bring.

Āyam is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ā and yam (यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ayam (अयम्):—this one. See idam.

2) Āyam (आयम्):—[=ā-√yam] [Parasmaipada] -yacchati and ([Vedic or Veda]) -yamati, to stretch, lengthen out, extend, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Lāṭyāyana; Suśruta; Mahābhārata] etc.;

2) —to stretch (a bow);

2) —to put on (an arrow etc.);

2) —to draw near, bring hither;

2) —to fetch, procure, [Ṛg-veda];

2) —to keep, stop, hold in, draw back, restrain, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc.;

2) —to produce, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya] :

2) —[Ātmanepada] -yacchate (cf. [Pāṇini 1-3, 28 and 75]) to stretch one’s self or be stretched or strained;

2) —to grow long, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.];

2) —to grasp, possess, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] :

2) —[Causal] -yāmayati, to bring near, draw near;

2) —to carry, fetch, [Ṛg-veda];

2) —to lengthen, extend, [Suśruta];

2) —to produce or make visible;

2) —to show, [Mahābhārata]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Āyam (आयम्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Āyāma.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ayam in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Ayam (அயம்) noun < ஐயம். [aiyam.] cf. (saṃ-)śaya. Doubt; சந்தேகம். மன்னவன் . . . அயமதெய்தி [santhegam. mannavan . . . ayamatheythi] (திருவாலவாயுடையார் திருவிளையாடற் திருவிளையாடற் புராணம் [thiruvalavayudaiyar thiruvilaiyadar thiruvilaiyadar puranam] 33, 15).

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Ayam (அயம்) noun cf. payas.

1. Water; நீர். (பிங்கலகண்டு) [nir. (pingalagandu)]

2. Spring on a mountain; சுனை. [sunai.] (அகநா. [agana.] 38, உரை. [urai.])

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Ayam (அயம்) noun cf. śaya.

1. Valley, depression, ditch; பள்ளம். அயமிழி யருவி [pallam. ayamizhi yaruvi] (கலித்தொகை [kalithogai] 46).

2. Tank, pond; குளம். (பிங்கலகண்டு) [kulam. (pingalagandu)]

3. Mud, mire; சேறு. (உரிச்சொல்நிகண்டு) [seru. (uricholnigandu)]

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Ayam (அயம்) noun < aja. Sheep; ஆடு. அயக்குலத்துட் கரந்தனை [adu. ayakkulathud karanthanai] (உபதேசகாண்டம் அயமு. [upathesagandam ayamu.] 73).

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Ayam (அயம்) noun < aya. Festival; உற்ச வம். (அகராதி நிகண்டு) [ursa vam. (agarathi nigandu)]

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Ayam (அயம்) noun < ayas.

1. Iron; இரும்பு. (பிங்கலகண்டு) [irumbu. (pingalagandu)]

2. Iron filings; அரப்பொடி. [arappodi.] (தைலவருக்கச்சுருக்கம் தைல. [thailavarukkachurukkam thaila.] 6.)

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Ayam (அயம்) noun See சிறுபூலா. (வைத்திய மூலிகை) [sirupula. (vaithiya muligai)]

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Ayam (அயம்) noun < haya. Horse; குதிரை. (பிங்கலகண்டு) [kuthirai. (pingalagandu)]

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Ayam (அயம்) noun < haya-māra. Oleander. See அலரி. (வைத்திய மூலிகை) [alari. (vaithiya muligai)]

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Āyam (ஆயம்) noun < ஆய்-. [ay-.]

1. Secret; இரகசியம். உன்னாவல்லது அவ்வாயம் வெளிப்பட்டிருக்கு மோ [iragasiyam. unnavallathu avvayam velippattirukku mo] (குருபரம்பராப்ராபவம் [kuruparambaraprapavam] 126).

2. Female attendants of a lady; தோழியர் கூட்டம். சூழுடை யாயத்தை நீக்கும் வதி [thozhiyar kuttam. suzhudai yayathai nikkum vathi] (திருக்கோவையார் [thirukkovaiyar] 7).

3. Suffering, affliction; வருந் தம். ஆய மின்றிப்போ யண்ட மாள்வதற்றா [varun tham. aya minrippo yanda malvatharra] (தேவாரம் [thevaram] 648, 7).

4. Cloud; மேகம். (பிங்கலகண்டு) [megam. (pingalagandu)]

5. Kind of drum; மல்லரிப்பறை. (அகராதி நிகண்டு) [mallaripparai. (agarathi nigandu)]

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Āyam (ஆயம்) noun Pit 34" deep, a standard of measurement; 34 அங்குல ஆழமுள்ள குழி. [angula azhamulla kuzhi.] (சர்வா. சிற். பக். [sarva. sir. pag.] 21.)

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Āyam (ஆயம்) noun < āya.

1. Income, revenue, profit; வருவாய். பொருளாயம் [varuvay. porulayam] (திருக்குறள் [thirukkural], 933).

2. Customs, toll; குடியிறை. (பிங்கலகண்டு) [kudiyirai. (pingalagandu)]

3. Duty, obligation; கடமை. அவ னாயத்தை யவன் கழித்து விட்டான். [kadamai. ava nayathai yavan kazhithu vittan.] Local usage

4. Dice; சூதசங்கிதைு கருவி. (திவா.) [suthu karuvi. (thiva.)]

5. Cast of dice in a game; கவற்றிற் றுயம். [kavarrir ruyam.] (கலித்தொகை [kalithogai] 136, 5.)

6. Gambling; சூதசங்கிதைாட்டம். [suthattam.] (திருக்குறள் [thirukkural], 939.)

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Āyam (ஆயம்) noun < ஆ⁸. [a⁸.] Herd of cows; பசுத்திரள். [pasuthiral.] (சிலப்பதிகாரம் அரும்பதவுரை [silappathigaram arumbathavurai] 17, உரைப்பாட்டுமடை [uraippattumadai], 5.)

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Ayam (அயம்) noun (அகராதி நிகண்டு [agarathi nigandu])

1. Sacrifice; யாகம். [yagam.]

2. Charioteer; சூதன். [suthan.]

3. Earth; பூமி. [pumi.]

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Ayam (அயம்) noun cf. payas. Rain water; மழைநீர். (பச்சிலைமூலிகை அகராதி) [mazhainir. (pachilaimuligai agarathi)]

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Ayam (அயம்) noun < aya. Past karma productive of good; நலந்தரும் முற்கருமம். (நாநார்த்த.) [nalantharum murkarumam. (nagarthathipigai)]

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Ayam (அயம்) noun < śasam. Hare; முயல். (அரு. நி.) [muyal. (aru. ni.)]

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Āyam (ஆயம்) noun < āya.

1. Length; நீளம். (அகராதி நிகண்டு) [nilam. (agarathi nigandu)]

2. Crowd of people; மக்கள் தொகுதி. ஆயமெல்லாமது சொல்லிப்போக [makkal thoguthi. ayamellamathu sollippoga] (நீலகேசி [nilagesi], 42).

3. Gold; பொன். [pon.] (நாலாயிர திவ்யப்பிரபந்தம் பெருமாள். [nalayira thivyappirapandam perumal.] 6, 4, வ்யா. [vya.])

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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