Hridya, Hṛdya: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Hridya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Hṛdya can be transliterated into English as Hrdya or Hridya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Hṛdya (हृद्य) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified as “promoting cheerfulness or relish”, and originally composed by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna IV. The name is derived from the word hṛd or hṛdaya, both translating to “the heart”. It is a technical term used throughout Āyurveda. Examples of plants pertaining to this category include Āmra (mango), Āmrātaka (Spondius mangifera), Nikuca (Artocarpus lakucha) and Mātuluṅga (Citrus medica). The collection of herbs named Hṛdya is one of the fifty Mahākaṣāya.

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

1) Hṛdya (हृद्य) is the name of a commentary on the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā: one of the three great works of Vāgbhaṭa.—The Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā consists only of verses. The eight-fold division is observed in the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā too, though not as strictly as in the Aṣṭāṅgasaṃgraha. Numerous commentaries on the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā [viz., the Hṛdyā], many of them unedited so far, can be traced in manuscripts, catalogues, publishers’ lists, etc.

2) Hṛdya (हृद्य) refers to “pleasing one’s stomach”, as mentioned in verse 5.1-2 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā.—Accordingly, “[...] vitalizing, refreshing, pleasing one’s stomach [viz., hṛdya], satisfying, stimulating one’s intellect, thin, of indistinct taste, savoury, cold, light, (and) nectar-like (is) Ganges water fallen from the sky; (as it is), however, touched by sun, moon, and wind (in falling), it is largely dependent upon place and time so far as its wholesomeness and unwholesomeness are concerned”.

Note: With regard to the diction, the predicate nouns of the first sentence have all been converted into full verbs. In some instances, the rendering is rather free; thus hṛdya (“pleasing the stomach”) has been represented by yi-gar oṅ-ba (“to meet the appetite”), buddhiprabodhana (“stimulating the intellect”) by sems ni gsal byed-pa (“to render brilliant as to the intellect”), and avyaktarasa (“of indistinct taste”) by ro mi gsal-ba (“to be indistinct in taste”). In nearly all cases, however, the views of the scholiasts seem to have been shared by the translators. [...] The only exception is hṛdya, which Indu and (after him) the Tibetans take in the sense of “hṛdayasya priyam”—“dear to the stomach [heart]”, whereas Aruṇadatta holds that “hṛdayāya hitaṃ na tu hṛdayasya priyam iti hṛdyam iti vyākhyeyam”—“hṛdya (is) to be explained as wholesome to the stomach [heart] but not as dear to the stomach [heart]” and Candranandana admits both possibilities: “hṛdayāya hitaṃ hṛdyaṃ hṛdayasya vā priyam”—“hṛdya (means) good for the stomach [heart] or dear to the stomach [heart]”; this conflict of opinions originates in the ambiguity of Pāṇini’s Aṣṭādhyāyī IV.4.95, on which see Introduction p. 39 n. 1.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Hṛdya (हृद्य) refers to “pleasant” and represents a particular dietetic effect according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Accordingly, the dietetic effect hṛdya is associated with the following conditions: Food utensils made of Rambhāpatra (plantain leaf).

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Hṛdya (हृद्य):—Beneficial / pleasing for cardiac health

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Hṛdya (हृद्य).—A great sage. He lives in the assembly of Indra. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 7, 13).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hṛdya (हृद्य).—a S Relating to the heart or mind; i. e. borne on it, proceeding from it, produced in it &c.; dear, darling, beloved, cherished, fostered; affectionate, cordial, sincere, hearty; pleasant, agreeable, comfortable &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

hṛdya (हृद्य).—a Relating to the heart; cherished, sincere, agreeable.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hṛdya (हृद्य).—a. [hṛdi spṛśyate manojñatvāt hṛd-yat]

1) Hearty, cordial, sincere.

2) Dear to the heart, cherished, dear, desired, beloved; लोकोत्तरा च कृतिराकृतिरार्तहृद्या (lokottarā ca kṛtirākṛtirārtahṛdyā) Bv.1.69.

3) Agreeable, pleasant; charming; भूम्ना रसानां गहनाः प्रयोगाः सौहार्दहृद्यानि विचेष्टितानि (bhūmnā rasānāṃ gahanāḥ prayogāḥ sauhārdahṛdyāni viceṣṭitāni) Māl.1.4;8.4; R.11.68.

4) Affectionate, kind.

5) Savoury, dainty; रम्याः स्निग्धाः स्थिरा हृद्या आहाराः सात्त्विकप्रियाः (ramyāḥ snigdhāḥ sthirā hṛdyā āhārāḥ sāttvikapriyāḥ) Bg.17.8.

-dyā 1 Red arsenic.

2) A she-goat.

-dyam 1 White cumin.

2) Thick sour milk.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hṛdya (हृद्य).—mfn.

(-dyaḥ-dyā-dyaṃ) 1. Dear, beloved cherished, desired. 2. Grateful, pleasant, agreeable. 3. Produced in or from the heart. 4. Affectionate, kind. m.

(-dyaḥ) A Mantra of the Vedas for effecting any one’s subjection or fascination. f.

(-dyā) Vrid'dhi, a medicinal root, so named. n.

(-dyaṃ) Cassia bark. E. hṛd the heart, yat aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hṛdya (हृद्य).—[hṛd + ya], I. adj. 1. Produced in or from the heart. 2. Dear, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 17, 8. 3. Affectionate. 4. Pleasant, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 52, 25; [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 26, 283. 5. Savoury, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 227. Ii. m. A Mantra or verse for effecting fascination. Iii. f. , A medicinal root. Iv. n. Cassia bark.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hṛdya (हृद्य).—[adjective] being in the heart, hearty, inner; dear to the heart, pleasant, agreeable.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Hṛdya (हृद्य):—[from hṛd] mf(ā)n. being in the heart, internal, inward, inmost, innermost, [Ṛg-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] pleasing or dear to the heart, beloved, cherished, [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] grateful, pleasant, charming, lovely, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] pleasant to the stomach savoury, dainty (as food), [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] proceeding from or produced in the heart, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] m. the wood-apple tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] a Vedic Mantra employed to effect the subjection of an enemy or rival, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Hṛdyā (हृद्या):—[from hṛdya > hṛd] f. a [particular] medicinal root (= vṛddhi), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] red arsenic, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a she-goat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) Hṛdya (हृद्य):—[from hṛd] n. white cumin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] the aromatic bark of Laurus Cassia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] thick sour milk, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] intoxicating drink made from honey or the blossoms of Bassia Latifolia, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Hṛdya (हृद्य):—

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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