Hridya, aka: Hṛdya; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Hridya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Hṛdya can be transliterated into English as Hrdya or Hridya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Hṛdya (हृद्य) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified as “promoting cheerfulness or relish”, and originally composed by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna IV. The name is derived from the word hṛd or hṛdaya, both translating to “the heart”. It is a technical term used throughout Āyurveda. Examples of plants pertaining to this category include Āmra (mango), Āmrātaka (Spondius mangifera), Nikuca (Artocarpus lakucha) and Mātuluṅga (Citrus medica). The collection of herbs named Hṛdya is one of the fifty Mahākaṣāya.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana

Hridya in Purana glossary... « previous · [H] · next »

Hṛdya (हृद्य).—A great sage. He lives in the assembly of Indra. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 7, 13).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

hṛdya (हृद्य).—a S Relating to the heart or mind; i. e. borne on it, proceeding from it, produced in it &c.; dear, darling, beloved, cherished, fostered; affectionate, cordial, sincere, hearty; pleasant, agreeable, comfortable &c.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hṛdya (हृद्य).—a Relating to the heart; cherished, sincere, agreeable.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hṛdya (हृद्य).—a. [hṛdi spṛśyate manojñatvāt hṛd-yat]

1) Hearty, cordial, sincere.

2) Dear to the heart, cherished, dear, desired, beloved; लोकोत्तरा च कृतिराकृतिरार्तहृद्या (lokottarā ca kṛtirākṛtirārtahṛdyā) Bv.1.69.

3) Agreeable, pleasant; charming; भूम्ना रसानां गहनाः प्रयोगाः सौहार्दहृद्यानि विचेष्टितानि (bhūmnā rasānāṃ gahanāḥ prayogāḥ sauhārdahṛdyāni viceṣṭitāni) Māl.1.4;8.4; R.11.68.

4) Affectionate, kind.

5) Savoury, dainty; रम्याः स्निग्धाः स्थिरा हृद्या आहाराः सात्त्विकप्रियाः (ramyāḥ snigdhāḥ sthirā hṛdyā āhārāḥ sāttvikapriyāḥ) Bg.17.8.

-dyā 1 Red arsenic.

2) A she-goat.

-dyam 1 White cumin.

2) Thick sour milk.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Rasya
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