by Swami Vijñanananda | 1921 | 545,801 words | ISBN-10: 8121505917 | ISBN-13: 9788121505918
The English translation of the Devi Bhagavata Purana. This Sanskrit work describes the Devi (Divine), the Goddess, as the foundation of the world and as identical with Brahman, the Supreme Being. The Devi Bhagavata Purana is one of the most important works in Shaktism, a branch of Hinduism focusing on the veneration of the divine feminine, along w...
1. Nārada said :-- O Bhagavān! Thou art the ocean of mercy; kindly speak out to me in brief all the things and the duties to be observed and applied in the Śānti Karmas (the peace bringing acts) of Gāyatrī.
2-20. Nārāyaṇa said :-- O Nārada! The question asked by you is esoteric. Never divulge this to a wicked person or any hypocrite. It is to be kept secret. While doing this Śānti Karma, the Brāhmaṇas are to perform the Homas with fuel soaked in milk (Payaḥ). If the fuel of the Śamī tree be offered in Homa ceremony, then diseases caused by planets are cured. If the Homa be performed with wet Aśvaththa or Udumbara or other kṣīra trees, the diseases caused by demons and hob-goblins are cured. If one offers Tarpaṇam with one palmful of water, repeating the mantra “Sūryam Tarpayāmi namaḥ”, the pending evils are also averted and troubles are ceased. The repetition of the Gāyatrī mantra with knees immersed in water averts all evils. The repetition of Gāyatrī with body immersed in water upto the throat, averts the danger of life; and the same with whole body immersed grants all success. This is the best of all the Śānti karmas, the acts that bring health, wealth, happiness and peace. While performing Homa, light with the fuel of Kṣīravrikṣa (the trees that emit milky juice); place Pañchagavya in a vessel made of gold, silver, copper or wood of kṣīra trees, or in the vessels made of earth, without any knot or crack; utter the Gāyatrī mantra and offer one thousand homas. Sprinkle with water at every offering, touching the Pañchagavya with Kuśa grass, thousand times. Then offer the sacrifices there where calamities or nuisances are seen and meditate on the Highest Devatā. Thus all the magic spells used by other persons for a malevolent purpose will be rendered nugatory. Bring under your control any Deva yoni, Bhūte Yoni, or Piśāca Yoni that causes you troubles; then they will quit the house, village, city, way, even that kingdom. Now hear how they are brought under control. Prepare a sacrificial altar with sand, draw a square on it, place a Sūla (spear) in its centre and plaster with Aṣṭagandha. For the sake of converting all the evils, repeat Gāyatrī mantra thousand times and impregnate it with the mantra, dig the ground and place or bury the Sūla under it. Place on the level ground or sthaṇḍila a jar or Navaphala, a fruit made of gold, silver, or copper or a newly made earthen jar and enclose it with thread. Then have the sacred waters brought from the several Tīrthas by the Brāhmins and fill the jar, repeating the Gāyatrī Mantra. Put within this jar the twigs, then of Cardamom tree, sandal tree, karpūra tree, jāti, aparājitā. Saha Devī, Pāṭala, Mallikā flower, Bel leaves, rice, barley, Til, mustard, aśvattha, and udumbara trees and throw them within the jar. (The Kṣīra trees are Aśvaththa, Udumbara, Plakṣa, and Nyagrodha.) Doing all these, prepare one Kuśa Kurcha made of twenty seven Kuśa grass in the form of a braid of hair, round one end of a straight rod and tied in a knot and place it there. Then take your bath and repeat the Gāyatrī mantra over it one thousand times with your whole mind fully concentrated. Then the Veda knowing Brāhmaṇas would recite the Saura mantra and sprinkle the man attacked by the demon with water and make him drink also the water saturated with the mantra and bathe him also with that. Then that person will be dispossessed of the devil and be happy. Even when the man (possessed by a devil), is going to die, he gets his life again if he be made to drink this water saturated with this mantra and have his bath with that. So a wise King must do this, with a desire to have a long life; and after he is sprinkled with this mantra-charged water he is to give one hundred cows to the Brāhmaṇas as the Dakṣiṇā.
21-44. The Dakṣiṇā is to be given according to one’s might; and specially what gives satisfaction to the Brāhmaṇas. If one be terrified by a Devil or so or by the mischievous magic spells of others, one is to sit on Saturday under an Aśvattha tree and repeat one hundred Gāyatrīs. For the cure of all diseases, if one has to perform the Mrityuñjaya Homa, one will have to do Homa with the Gulañca creeper, soaked in milk and deducting the knots thereof. For the pacification of fever, mango leaves soaked with milk ought to be used in the Homa ceremony. The wasting diseases are cured if Homa be performed with the leaves of the Vaca soaked in milk; phthisis or consumption is cured if Homa be performed with curd, milk and ghee. Again, if offerings be given to the Solar Deity and if Pāyasānnam be given to him and if this be given to the consumptive patient, his disease will be cured. Again, on the Amāvasyā tithi (new moon day) if Homa be performed with Soma creeper (excluding the knot joints) soaked in milk, then consumption will be cured. If Homa be made with the flowers of the Śamkhya tree, then leprosy is cured; if the Homa be done with the seed of Apāmārga, the Mrigis or the hysteric and epileptic fits are cured. So if Homa be performed with the fuel of Kṣīra trees, lunacy is cured; if, with the fuel of udumbara, meha (spermatorrhea) is cured; if with sugarcane juice, gonorrhea is cured; if with curd, milk and ghee or with the ghee of Kapilā cow, the homa be performed, the Masūrikā disease or smallpox will be cured, and if Homa be performed with the fuels of Udumbara, Vaṭa, and Aśvatha be performed, then the diseases of cows, elephants and horses are cured. If the trouble be caused by many ants and ant-hills (Madhu Valmīka) then perform the Homa ceremony with the fuel of Samī tree one hundred times and with the food prepared of ghee one hundred times and offer sacrifices with the rest of the food; then the above troubles will cease. If there be a earth quake or if there be seen flashes of lightnings, then homa is to be performed with the fuel of Vana Vetasa and the whole kingdom will be happy. If you surcharge any piece of iron with Gāyatrī mantra repeated hundred times and if you throw it in any direction then no fear will arise from that quarter out of fire, air, or any other enemy. If one be imprisoned, and if he repeats the Gāyatrī mentally, he will be liberated from the prison. If you touch the man possessed by a devil, disease or mortification and sorrow with the Kuśa grass and repeat the Gāyatrī mantra, and thus charge him with Divine electricity, that man will be liberated from the fear caused thereby. If you make the man possessed by devils, etc., drink the water charged with the Gāyatrī mantra or if you cast on his body the ashes charged with hundred Gāyatrīs or tie those ashes on his head repeating the Gāyatrī mantra, he will be instantly freed of all diseases and will live for one hundred years in happiness. In case a man is unable to do fully all these himself, he can get all these done by other Brāhmaṇas and pay Dakṣiṇā (fees) to them duly for the same.
O Nārada! Now I will tell you how nourishment and wealth are attained. Wealth is attained if the Homa be performed with red lotus or fresh Jātī flower or with the Śāli rice or with the fuel of Bel tress, leaves, flowers, fruits or roots or with any portions thereof. If for one week the oblations be offered with fuel of Bel tree mixed with Pāyasa or with ghee one hundred times, then Lakṣmī Devī will surely be attained. If the Homa be performed with Lāja (fried rice) mixed with curd, milk, and ghee, the daughter will be obtained. If for one week, the Homa be performed with red lotus, then gold is obtained. If the Tarpaṇam (peace offering) be offered to the Sun, then the treasures, gold hidden under the water, are obtained. If the Homa be performed with food (Anna) then Anna is obtained; if Homa be performed with rice, then rice is obtained.
45-51. If Homa be performed with calfdung, dried and powdered, then animals are obtained. If Homa be performed with Priyaṅgu, Pāyasa or ghee then the progeny is obtained. If the oblations of Pāyasānna be offered to the Solar Deity and if the Prasādam (remnant) be given to one’s wife under menstruation to eat, then excellent sons will be obtained. If the Homa be performed with the fuel of wet pointed Kṣīra trees, then longevity is attained. If Homa be performed with the fuel of the Palāśa tree, pointed and wet and mixed with curd, milk, and ghee for one hundred times consecutively, then longevity and gold are attained. If the Homa be performed with Durbā grass, milk, honey or ghee, one hundred times, then longevity and golden lotus are obtained. If for one week the Homa ceremony be performed with the fuel of Śamī tree mixed with food, milk or ghee one hundred times of each or if for one week the Homa he performed with the fuel of Nyagrodha tree and afterwards one hundred Homas be made with Pāyasānna, the fear of unnatural death is removed.
52-60. That man can conquer death who can remain for one week living on milk only and who performs during that time hundreds, and hundreds of Homas and repeats the Gāyatrī, controlling his speech. If anybody can fast three nights and control his speech and repeat Gāyatrī he gets himself freed from the hands of Death; or totally immersed in water if he repeats Gāyatrī, he will be saved from the impending danger of death. If anybody repeats the Gāyatrī mantra for one month, taking his seat under a Bel tree or performs Homa with Bel fruit, root or leaves, he gets kingdoms. (Know all the Mantrams are electric in their effects). Similarly if anybody performs Homa with one hundred lotuses, he gets a foeless kingdom. So one becomes the lord of a village if one performs Homa with Yavāgu (barley gruel) and Sālidhānya. If the Homa be performed with the fuel of Asvaththa tree, victory in battle is ensured and if the Homa be performed with the fuel of Ākanda tree, then victory everywhere is ensured. If one hundred Homas be performed extending a week with Vetasa tree’s leaves or fruits, dipped in milk and mixed with Pāyasa, the rainfall is ensured. Similarly if anybody repeats Gāyatrī for one week with his body upto navel immersed in water, the rainfall is ensured; on the contrary if the Homa be performed with ashes in water, then the cessation of heavy rainfall is ensured. The Homa with the fuel of Palāsa gives Brahmateja; Homa with the flowers of Palāsa gives everything desired. Homa with milk or drinking Brāhmarasa, charged with mantra, increases the intellect; and the Homa with ghee gives Buddhi (medhā) (intelligence).
61-69. Homa with flowers gives good smell; Homa with thread gives cloth; Homa with salt and honey mixed or Bel flowers gives one power to control anything and everything that is desired. If anybody bathes everyday immersed completely within water and sprinkles water on his body, he becomes cured of diseases and he becomes very healthy. If any Brāhmaṇa does these things for others, he becomes also no doubt healthy. If anybody wants to increase his life period he should practise good deeds and repeat Gāyatrī thousand times daily for one month. Thus his longevity will be increased. Two monthś such practice gives long life and perpetual health; three month’s such practice will give life, health, and wealth, four months such practice gives longevity, wealth, fame, women, sons, etc., five months such practice gives longevity, health, wealth, wife, sons and learning. So one should repeat this as many months in proportion to the number of his desires and he would get them. Again any Brāhmaṇa who stands on one leg without holding any other thing and raises both his hands and daily repeats three hundred Gāyatrīs for one month, gets all his desires fulfilled. And if he repeats one thousand one hundred Gāyatrīs, there is nothing in this world that is not met and attained with success. Controlling the Prāṇa (inhaling) and Apāna (exhaling) Vāyu (breath), he who repeats daily three hundred Gāyatrīs to the Devī, his highest desires are satisfied.
70-77. Viśvāmitra Ṛṣi says :-- Standing on one leg, with both hands raised and controlling Vāyu he who repeats daily one hundred Gāyatrīs for one month, gets all his desires fulfilled. Similarly with three hundred or thousand repeatings, all things are attained. Submerged under water, if one repeats Gāyatrīs as many times as mentioned above, he gets everything. If, for one year, with hands uplifted and without holding anything, anyone stands on one leg, controls one’s breath and repeats Gāyatrī mantra three hundred times or thousand times, eating Havisyānnam only in the night time, he becomes a Ṛṣi (Seer). This thing repeated two years gives infallible speech; three years gives knowledge of the present, past and future; four years will enable one to see face to face the Solar God; five years will give the eight Siddhis, lightness, etc., six years will enable one to assume forms as he desires; seven years gives immortality; nine years gives Manuhood; ten years gives Indrahood; eleven years gives Brahmā-hood; and twelve years gives the state of Parama Brahma.
78-90. O Nārada! By these practices of Tapasyās you and other Ṛṣis have been able to conquer the three Lokas (regions). Some ate only vegetables; some fruits; some, roots; some simply water; some, ghee; some, Somarasa; whereas some others ate only caru and did tapasyā. Some Ṛṣis practised this great Tapasyā by eating very little for a fortnight only. Some ate food, only what they got by begging during the day; and some ate only Haviṣyānna. O Nārada! Now hear the rules for the purification and expiation of sins. For the expiation of the sin iñcurred in stealing gold, one is to repeat three thousand Gāyatrīs (daily) for one month; then the sin will be destroyed. By this act also the sins iñcurred by drinking or by going to one’s Guru’s wife are destroyed.
Viśvāmitra Ṛṣi says :-- The sin iñcurred by killing a Brāhmaṇa (Brahmahatyā) is destroyed if one erects a shed in a forest and, living there, repeats three thousand Gāyatrīs daily for one month. Those Brāhmaṇas that have committed the Great Sins (i.e., Mahāpātakas), become free, if they repeat one thousand Gāyatrīs daily, submerged under water, for twelve successive days. By controlling speech and by practising Prāṇāyāma, if one repeats three thousand Gāyatrīs daily for one month, one will be free from the Mahāpātakas. If one practises one thousand Prāṇāyāmas repeating the Gāyatrī, one becomes freed also of Brahmahatyā. If one draws upwards the Prāṇa and Apāna Vāyus six times, repeating the Gāyatrī with collected mind, this destroys all the sins and it is called all-sin destroying Prāṇāyāma. If one practises this Prāṇāyāma one thousand times for one month, the lord of the earth becomes freed of all sins. If any Brāhmaṇa iñcurs the sin of killing a cow, for twelve days he is to repeat three thousand Gāyatrīs daily for expiation. Similarly the repetition of ten thousand Gāyatrīs removes the sin of going to those not fit to be gone into, eating the uneatables, stealing and killing and this act brings in peace. All sins are destroyed by performing one hundred Prāṇāyāmas with Gāyatrī. Again if there be a mixture of various sins, one will have to live in the forest for one month and repeat one thousand Gāyatrīs or practise fasting and repeat three thousand Gāyatrīs; thus all sins will be destroyed.
91-100. To repeat Gāyatrī twenty-four thousand times is equal to performing the Kṛcchra vrata and to repeat sixty four thousand Gāyatrīs duly is equal to performing the Cāndrāyana. If anybody repeats, in the morning and evening Sandhyā times, the merit giving Gāyatrī one hundred times, with Prāṇāyāma, all his sins are destroyed. So, submerged under water, if one repeats the Gāyatrī Devī, meditating Her in the Sun, one hundred times daily, one’s all the sins are fully destroyed. O Nārada! Thus I have described to you all about averting or destroying the evils and the purification of various sins. All this is secret. Keep it carefully concealed. Never divulge this. Whoever divulges this will bring his own ruin. I have spoken to you, in brief, all about Sadācāra (right way of living). If anybody practises this duly, according to rules, Śrī Mahāmāyā Durgā Devī becomes pleased with him. If anybody wants to have both enjoyment and liberation, he is to practise all these daily, as well as the occasional, and Kāmya (desired) duties duly according to rules. It is stated in all the Śāstras, that this Ācāra (right way of living) is the foremost and the chief Dharma, the Deity of which is the Supreme Mother Herself. O Nārada! That man who practises duly this Ācāra is, in this world, holy, happy and blessed. This I speak to you truly. If anybody desires to get the Devī Bhagavatī’s Grace, he should first of all set himself at once to practise this Sadācāra. He who hears this gets wealth and great happiness. There is no doubt in this. Now speak what more you want to hear.
Here ends the Twenty fourth Chapter of the Eleventh Book on Sadācāra in the Mahāpurāṇam Śrī Mad Devī Bhāgavatam of 18,000 verses by Maharṣi Veda Vyāsa. The Eleventh Book Completed.
[Here ends the Eleventh Book.]