Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi

by Ganganatha Jha | 1920 | 1,381,940 words | ISBN-10: 8120811550

This is the English translation of the Manusmriti, which is a collection of Sanskrit verses dealing with ‘Dharma’, a collective name for human purpose, their duties and the law. Various topics will be dealt with, but this volume of the series includes 12 discourses (adhyaya). The commentary on this text by Medhatithi elaborately explains various t...

Verse 11.200 [Expiation for the Man excommunicated from Repasts]

Sanskrit text, Unicode transliteration and English translation by Ganganath Jha:

षष्ठान्नकालता मासं संहिताजप एव वा ।
होमाश्च सकला नित्यमपाङ्क्त्यानां विशोधनम् ॥ २०० ॥

ṣaṣṭhānnakālatā māsaṃ saṃhitājapa eva vā |
homāśca sakalā nityamapāṅktyānāṃ viśodhanam || 200 ||

For persons excommunicated from repasts, the purification consists in (a) eating at the sixth meal-time, reciting the Vedic text, and the daily offering of the ‘Sākala homa,’ for a month.—(200)

 

Medhātithi’s commentary (manubhāṣya):

Excommunicated from repasts’—as described in Discourse III; in connection with each one of whom, distinct expiations have been prescribed elsewhere.

For these there should be, for one month—(a) the reciting of the Vedic text, (b) the ‘Sākala Homa’ and (c) eating at the sixth meal-time;—all three combined.

The ‘Sākala Homa’ is that which is offered with wooden sticks (?) and with the mantraDevakṛtasya, etc., etc.’ (Vāja-saneya-Saṃhitā, 8. 13).

Daily.’—This has been added in older to show that even after the reciting of the Vedic text has been finished, this offering shall be continued, till the end of the month.—(200)

 

Explanatory notes by Ganganath Jha

See above 3.151 et. seq. for ‘Apāṅktyas’; and Śuklayajurveda-saṃhitā (8.13) for the Śākala-homas.

This verse is quoted in Aparārka (p. 1158), which notes that the ‘Apāṅktyas’' have been described by Manu himself under the section on ‘śrāddhas’;—and in Mitākṣarā (3.286), and again under 3.289, where it is added that the particular expiation to be performed is to be determined by considerations of the caste of the offender and such other circumstances.

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