Hatha, Haṭha: 13 definitions



Hatha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Haṭha (हठ) is another name for “Dhātrī” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning haṭha] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Terebess Ázsia Lexikon: Haṭha Yoga

The word Haṭha (हठ, lit. force) denotes a system of physical techniques supplementary to yoga more broadly conceived; Haṭha Yoga is yoga that uses the techniques of Haṭha. Why these techniques were called Haṭha is not stated in the texts that teach them, but it seems likely that, originally at least, they were called thus because, like → tapas (asceticism), with which they were associated, they were difficult and forced their results to happen.

In its earliest formulations, Haṭha was used to raise and conserve the physical essence of life, identified in men as bindu (semen), which is otherwise constantly dripping downward from a store in the head and being expended. (The female equivalent, mentioned only occasionally in our sources, is rajas, menstrual fluid.)

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

haṭha : (m.) violence.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Haṭha, (only as lexicogr. word; Dhtp 101=balakkāra) violence. (Page 727)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

haṭha (हठ).—m (S) Obstinacy, stubbornness, pertinacity. See under haṭa.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Haṭha (हठ).—

1) Violence, force.

2) Oppression, rapine.

3) Obstinacy.

4) Absolute necessity.

5) Going in the rear of an enemy.

6) Pistia Stratiotes (ākāśamūlī).

7) An unexpected gain; अकस्मादिह यः कश्चिदर्थं प्राप्नोति पूरुषः । तं हठेनेति मन्यन्ते स हि यत्नो न कस्यचित् (akasmādiha yaḥ kaścidarthaṃ prāpnoti pūruṣaḥ | taṃ haṭheneti manyante sa hi yatno na kasyacit) || Mb.3.32.16 (com. acintitasyātarkitasya ca lābho haṭhaḥ). (haṭhena and haṭhāt are used adverbially in the sense of 'forcibly', 'violently', 'suddenly', 'against one's will'; ambālikā ca caṇḍavarmaṇā haṭhāt pariṇetumātmabhavanamanīyat Dk.; vānarān vārayāmāsa haṭhena madhureṇa ca Rām.

Derivable forms: haṭhaḥ (हठः).

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Hatha (हथ).—

1) A stroke, blow.

2) Killing.

3) Death.

4) A man who is sad or depressed.

Derivable forms: hathaḥ (हथः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haṭha (हठ).—m.

(-ṭhaḥ) 1. Violence. 2. Oppression. 3. Rapine. mf. (-ṭhaḥ-ṭhī) An aquatic plant, (Pistia stratiotes.) E. haṭh to treat with violence, aff. ac . The instrumental and ablative singulars, “haṭhena” and “haṭhāt” are used as indeclinables in the sense of “forcibly,” “violently,” “suddenly.”

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haṭha (हठ).—perhaps a dialect. form of hasta, I. m. 1. Violence, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 35, 11; abl. ṭhāt, By force, [Pañcatantra] 138, 1. 2. Rapine. Ii. m., f. ṭhī, A plant, Pistia stratiotes.

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Hatha (हथ).—i. e. han + tha, m. A man in despondency.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Haṭha (हठ).—[masculine] violence, force, obstinacy; °—, [ablative], & [instrumental] [adverb] violently, forcibly, necessarily, absolutely, by all means.

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Hatha (हथ).—[masculine] stroke, blow.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Haṭha (हठ):—[from haṭh] m. violence, force ([in the beginning of a compound], ena, and āt, ‘by force, forcibly’), [Rāmāyaṇa; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] obstinacy, pertinacity ([in the beginning of a compound] and āt, ‘obstinately, persistently’), [Pañcatantra; Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] absolute or inevitable necessity (as the cause of all existence and activity; [in the beginning of a compound], āt, and ena, ‘necessarily, inevitably, by all means’), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] = haṭha-yoga, [Catalogue(s)]

5) [v.s. ...] oppression, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] rapine, [ib.]

7) [v.s. ...] going in the rear of an enemy, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] Pistia Stratiotes, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) Hatha (हथ):—[from han] m. a blow, stroke, [Ṛg-veda]

10) [v.s. ...] killing, slaughter, [ib.]

11) [v.s. ...] a man stricken with despair, [Uṇādi-sūtra ii, 2 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Haṭha (हठ):—(ṭaḥ) 1. m. Violence, rapine. m. f. (ī) An aquatic plant.

2) Hatha (हथ):—(thaḥ) 1. m. A man in low spirits.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Haṭha (हठ):—

1) m. a) Gewalt [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 2, 77. 3, 5, 10.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 110.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 804. 1539.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 110.] [Medinīkoṣa ṭh. 10.] [Halāyudha 4, 74.] haṭhena mit Gewalt, gewaltsam: vānarānvārayāmāsa haṭhena madhureṇa ca [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 61, 17.] [Spr. (II) 6448.] yāvanna dūraṃ hriyate haṭhena [Kathāsaritsāgara 48, 126.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 256. 303] (haṭena gedr.). haṭhāt dass. [Spr. (II) 3650.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 4, 32. 5, 93. 30, 9. 34, 18. 45, 236. 52, 53. 78. 249. 64, 105. 65, 78.] nṛpaṃ ratisukhābhijñaṃ taṃ haṭhātte pracakratuḥ [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 383.] haṭhavṛttyā dass. [Spr. (II) 7480.] haṭhāśleṣa eine gewaltsame Umarmung [3869.] haṭhonmūlana [Rājataraṅgiṇī 2, 93.] nirvāsana [155.] praviṣṭatoyaugha [3, 527.] — b) das Bestehen auf seinem Kopfe: pravṛtta auf seinem Kopfe bestehend [Kathāsaritsāgara 39, 234.] vedhā vahnikaṇasya śaktimatulāmādhātukāmo haṭhāt so v. a. wenn er darauf besteht erzeugen zu wollen [Spr. (II) 2685.] (tam) haṭhādvavre [Kathāsaritsāgara 7, 57.] kaliṅgasenā tu haṭhādupāyātā gṛhaṃ mama [33, 89. 63, 58.] haṭhādarthito yam [36.] [Pañcatantra 138, 1.] haṭhāt kar auf seinem Kopfe bestehen [Kathāsaritsāgara 45, 148. 62, 171.] haṭhāgatā [33, 90.] — c) absolute Nothwendigkeit, als Ursache alles Seins und Werdens: haṭho vā vartate loke karmajaṃ vā phalaṃ smṛtam [Mahābhārata 12, 1146.] śuddhaṃ hi daivamevedaṃ haṭhe naivāsti pauruṣam [6597.] sarvameva haṭhenaike daivenaike vadantyuta [3, 1233.] asti sarvamadṛśyaṃ tu diṣṭaṃ caiva tathā haṭhaḥ [1235. 1221.] yaśca diṣṭaparo loke yaścāpi haṭhavādikaḥ [Spr. (II) 5323. 7.] durbuddhi [Mahābhārata 3, 1216.] śikṣate haṭhādakāmāpi dṛṣṭivibhramam nothgedrungen [Śākuntala 23.] haṭhāyāta daṇḍa eva prayokṣyate so v. a. absolut nothwendig geworden, unumgänglich [Kathāsaritsāgara 102, 127.] haṭhāpatitā lakṣmīḥ [Rājataraṅgiṇī 3, 322.] — d) eine gesteigerte mit grossen Selbstquälungen verbundene Form des Yoga [Oxforder Handschriften 235,a,1.] vidyā [233,b, No. 566.] yoga [89,b,1 v. u. 123,a,2 v. u. 224,b,10. 233,b, No. 566. 236,a, No. 567.] [HALL 17.] yogavidyā [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 647.] yogin [WILSON], Sel. Works [1, 216.] Titel von Werken, die über diesen Yoga handeln: yogapradīpikā [Oxforder Handschriften 70,a,28. 72,b,14.] tattvakaumudī [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 648.] pradīpikā [647.] [Oxforder Handschriften 233,b, No. 566.] [Notices of Skt. Mss. 2, 173.] [HALL 15. fgg.] pradīpa [WILSON, Sel. Works 1, 209. 214. 216.] dīpikā [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 648.] [Notices of Skt. Mss. 1, 132. 2, 173.] [HALL 17.] ratnāvalī und saṃketacandrikā ebend. — e) Pistia Stratiotes, eine schwimmende Wasserpflanze [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 110. 3, 228.] [Medinīkoṣa] [Suśruta 1, 170, 19] (haṭa). [2, 78, 4. 169, 6.] —

2) f. ī = haṭha

1) e) [DHARAṆĪ im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Hatha (हथ):—(wie eben) [Uṇādisūtra 2, 2.] m. Schlag, Wurf u.s.w. [Yāska’s Nirukta 6, 27.] [Ṛgveda 4, 30, 21. 8, 56, 5. 59, 10. 10, 49, 3. 7.] = viṣaṇṇa (diese Bed. kommt hata zu) [UJJVAL.] — Vgl. vṛtra .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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