Cata, Caṭa: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Cata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chata.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Cāṭa.—(HD), irregular soldiers according to Fleet and Bühler. Vogel (Ant. Ch. St., pp. 130-32) points out that Chamba is the only place where the ancient word Cāṭa is still extant in the modern form Cād8 meaning ‘the head of a Parganā’. An important privilege of a gift village was ‘not to be entered by Cāṭas and Bhaṭas’. Inscriptions (Ep. Ind., Vol. XI, p. 221) often specify that the granted land was not to be entered by Cāṭas and Bhaṭas except for seizing robbers and those guilty of harm or treason to the king (cf. a-cāṭa-bhaṭa-praveśyaṃ cora- drohaka-varjam in op. cit., Vol. VIII, p. 287). Sometimes we have bhaṭa-cāṭa-sevaka-ādīn (Ep. Ind., Vol. IV, p. 211) and caṭṭa-bhaṭṭa-jātīyān janapadān (ibid., Vol. XIV, p. 160). (IE 8-3; CII 3, 4), generally mentioned along with bhaṭa; sometimes replaced by cāra (spy) and chātra (literally, ‘umbrella-bearer’, but really, a constable, i. e. a Pāik or Piāda); probably indicates the leader of a group of Bhaṭas, i. e. Pāiks and Piādas; a policeman leading a group of Pāiks. See caṭṭa. Yājñavalkya, I. 336, speaks of the duty of the king to protect people from the harassment caused by cāṭas, robbers and Kāyasthas and the Mitākṣarā explains cāṭa as persons who deprive people of their wealth after creating false confi- dence in them. According to Bṛhaspati quoted by Aparārka, ‘dangers common to all are those arising from the cāṭas and thieves’. The word cāṭa in the passage tārkika-cāṭa-bhaṭa-rāj- āpraveśya in Śaṅkara's Bhāsya on the Bṛhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad is explained by Ānandagiri by saying that the cāṭas are those that transgress the rules of conduct for decent people and that bhaṭas are servants telling falschood (Ep. Ind., Vol. IX, p. 296). But cāṭa is used in inscriptions in the sense of a royal official. Note: cāṭa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

caṭa (चट).—m S An image of darbha- grass at Shraddha when the required Brahman is not present; to represent him and to receive the homage due to him.

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caṭa (चट).—f (cāṭaṇēṃ To taste.) A taste, taking to, penchant; an acquired liking or fondness. 2 (cāṭaṇēṃ To lick.) A thin coating (of plaster, paint, whitewash &c.) v .

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caṭa (चट).—ad (Low. cāṭaṇēṃ To lick.) Wholly, altogether, clean, clear, smack and smooth. Ex. caṭa āmbē nāsalē; caṭa māṇasēṃ yātrēsa gēlīṃ.

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cāṭa (चाट).—a Light, low, scampish; of loose habits and practices; of blackguardly tricks or ways. Ex. hmaṇē pusasī vōṣṭha cāṭūni cāṭa || punhā bōlasī dhīṭa gōṣṭī || acāṭā &c. 2 (Or cāṭaḷa or cāvaṭa) Tediously talkative; addicted to prating: also given to blabbing.

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cāta (चात).—m f n The whirler of a spinning wheel: also the iron spike infixed, on which the thread is formed: also a separate pin or spindle. cāta as Whirler is larger than cātī, and is attached to the rāhaṭa or Wheel; whereas cātī may be a Circular plate separate and for the hand. 2 The iron saḷaī or pin of goldsmiths, to pierce holes. 3 A shell in general spindle-like, long, and spiral.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

caṭa (चट).—m An image or darbha grass at Shraddha when the required Brahman is not present to represent him and to receive the homage due to him.

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caṭa (चट).—f A taste, taking to, penchant; an acquired liking or fondness. A thin coating (of plaster, paint, whitewash &c.). v .

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caṭa (चट).—ad Wholly, altogether, clean, clear, smack and smooth.

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cāṭa (चाट).—a Light, low. Tediously talkative.

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cāta (चात).—mfn The whirler of a spinning wheel. The iron pin of goldsmiths.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cāṭa (चाट).—[caṭ-bhede ac] A rogue or cheat, swindler, one who wins the confidence of the person he wishes to deceive; Y.1.336; (cāṭā = pratārakāḥ viśvāsya ye paradhanamapaharanti Mitā.); Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.343.

Derivable forms: cāṭaḥ (चाटः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cāṭa (चाट).—m.

(-ṭaḥ) A cheat, a rogue, a peculator, one who makes away with money &c. entrusted to him. E. caṭ to injure, affix ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cāṭa (चाट).—m. A rogue, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 907.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cāṭa (चाट).—[masculine] cheat, deceiver, fortune-teller.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Cāṭa (चाट) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caṭa (चट):—[from caṭ] See krama-.

2) Cāṭa (चाट):—m. a cheat, rogue, [Yājñavalkya i, 335] ([Pañcatantra]), [Mṛcchakaṭikā] (Prākṛt), [Varāha-mihira’s Yogayātrā; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi; Bhaviṣya-purāṇa, khaṇḍa 1 & 2: bhaviṣya-purāṇa & bhaviṣyottara-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cata (चत):—(ña, e catati, te) 1. a. To ask, to beg, to solicit.

2) Cāṭa (चाट):—(ṭaḥ) 1. m. A cheat.

[Sanskrit to German]

Cata in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Caṭa (चट) [Also spelled chat]:—(adv) instantly, instantaneously, at once; (nf) snap/snapping; crack, breaking or cracking sound; ~[caṭa] repeated cracking/snapping sounds; ~[paṭa] very promptly, immediately, with utmost urgency; ~[śālā] a nursery school; ~[sāra] a nursery school; —[se] instantly, instantaneously; —[kara jānā] to polish off, to consume hurriedly and entirely; —[maṃganī paṭa byāha] to propose this moment, to marry the very next; to implement a proposal without delay.

2) Cāṭa (चाट) [Also spelled chat]:—(nf) a spicy preparation of cut fruits, vegetables, etc.; habit, compelling habituation, irresistibile proclivity; —[paḍanā/laganā] see [casakā paḍanā/laganā].

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Caṭa (ಚಟ):—[noun] obsession a) the fact or state of being obsessed with an idea, desire, emotion, etc. b) such a persistent idea, desire, emotion, etc., esp. one that cannot be got rid of by reasoning.

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Cāṭa (ಚಾಟ):—[noun] a man who deceives; a cheat; a deceiver.

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Cāta (ಚಾತ):—[noun] a demon; an evil spirit.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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