Dvapara, Dvāpara: 12 definitions

Introduction

Dvapara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Dvāpara (द्वापर).—A friend of Kali, who went to the Svayaṃvara of Damayantī accompanied by Dvāpara. (See under Kali).

2) Dvāpara (द्वापर).—The deity of Dvāpara Yuga (the age of Dvāpara). (See under Yuga).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dvāpara (द्वापर).—Its nature; worship of Hari by service;1 form of Hari as worshipped in;2 Parāśara taught Bhāgavata to his son in this yuga;3 a Vaiśya among the yugas; a period of wars.4 Here Vyasa incarnates; duration of;5 Yajña the chief thing besides war; a combination of rajas and tamas;6 in the second Dvāpara Dhanvantari took birth as a man;7 Dharma's state of anxiety; Śmṛti and Śruti quoted as authorities; but different opinions advanced. Rise of the Śākhas, and the Angas.8

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa XII. 2. 39; 3. 22-52.
  • 2) Ib. XI. 5. 27-31.
  • 3) Ib. 1. 4. 14; II. 1. 8.
  • 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 78. 36-7.
  • 5) Matsya-purāṇa 53. 9; 142. 17, 23 and 26; 144. 1-5; Vāyu-purāṇa 3. 21; 32. 61.
  • 6) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 7. 21; Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 66.
  • 7) Ib. 92. 17.
  • 8) Ib. 58. 3-29.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Dvāpara (द्वापर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.61.72) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Dvāpara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (D) next»] — Dvapara in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Dvāpara (द्वापर) refers to “doubt” or “uncertainty”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 13.37.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Dvāpara (द्वापर) or Dvāparayuga refers to the “twofold age” and represents the third of the “four ages” (yuga) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 88). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., dvāpara). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dvāpara (द्वापर).—m (S) pop. dvāpāra m The third of the four yuga or great periods comprising 864,000 years.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dvāpāra (द्वापार).—n The 3rd of the four yuga.

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dvāpara (द्वापर).—n The 3rd of the four yuga.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dvāpara (द्वापर).—[dvābhyāṃ satyatretāyugābhyāṃ paraḥ pṛṣo° Tv.]

1) Name of the third Yuga of the world; Ms.9.31; अष्टौ शत- सहस्राणि वर्षाणां मानुषाणि तु । चतुःषष्टिः सहस्राणि वर्षाणां द्वापरं युगम् (aṣṭau śata- sahasrāṇi varṣāṇāṃ mānuṣāṇi tu | catuḥṣaṣṭiḥ sahasrāṇi varṣāṇāṃ dvāparaṃ yugam) || Matsya P.

2) The side of a die marked with two points.

3) Doubt, suspense, uncertainty.

4) A kind of deity; द्वापरं शकुनिः प्राप धृष्टद्युम्नस्तु पावकम् (dvāparaṃ śakuniḥ prāpa dhṛṣṭadyumnastu pāvakam) Mb.18.5.21; N.13.37.

Derivable forms: dvāparaḥ (द्वापरः), dvāparam (द्वापरम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvāpara (द्वापर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. The third of the four Yugas or great periods, comprising 864,000 years. 2. The age personified as a god. 3. Doubt, uncertainty. E. dvā for dvi two, para after.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dvāpara (द्वापर).—[masculine] the Two-side of the die; [Name] of the third age of the world.

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Dvāpara (द्वापर).—[masculine] the Two-side of the die; [Name] of the third age of the world.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dvāpara (द्वापर):—[=dvā-para] [from dvā] m. n. that die or side of a die which is marked with two spots, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Kāṭhaka; Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] the Die personified, [Nalopākhyāna vi, 1]

3) [v.s. ...] ‘the age with the number two’, Name of the 3rd of the 4 Yugas or ages of the world (comprising 2400 years; the Y°s itself = 2000, and each twilight = 200 years; it is also personified as a god), [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc., [Religious Thought and Life in India 111; 433]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a [mythology] being, [Mahābhārata i, 2713]

5) [v.s. ...] doubt, uncertainty, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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