Itivrittaka, Itivṛttaka: 2 definitions


Itivrittaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Itivṛttaka can be transliterated into English as Itivrttaka or Itivrittaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Itivrittaka in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Itivṛttaka (इतिवृत्तक) refers to a variety of Ityuktaka: one of the twelve members of Buddhist texts (dvādaśāṅga), according to a note attached to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 51.—The sūtras called Jou-che-yu (Ityuktaka) ‘thus has it been said’ are of two kinds: 1) The first kind are those sūtras having as their concluding phrase (kie-kiu): “What I first promised to say has been said”. 2) The second kind is that of the sūtras called Yi-mou (variant tchou)-to-kia, i.e., itivṛttaka ‘thus did it happen’, a type of sūtra also existing outside of (or extracted from) the Tripiṭaka and the Mahāyānasūtras. Some people call them Mou-to-kia, i.e., vṛttaka ‘event’; this name, vṛttaka, is that of texts extracted from the Tripiṭaka and the Mahāyānsūtras. And what is it then? It is what the Buddha said.

The ityuktaka ‘thus has it been said’ and the itivṛttaka ‘thus has it happened’ correspond to the Pāli itivittaka. Itivṛttaka is, in the etymological sense of the word, the story of an event, but it would be nice to know how it differs from an avadāna or a jātaka. According to Asaṅga, the itivṛttaka relates the earlier existences of the noble disciples whereas the jātakas tell the earlier existences of the Bodhisattva.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Itivrittaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Itivṛttaka (इतिवृत्तक).—nt. (in Bodhisattvabhūmi m.; = ityukta, °taka, qq.v., = Pali itivuttaka, which seems clearly based on iti vuttaṃ = ity uktam, but in [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] has been blended formally, by Hypersanskritism, with Sanskrit itivṛtta, nt., see [Boehtlingk and Roth]; Tibetan, see below, proves that at least for Tibetan translators the word was connected with vṛtta rather than ukta), name of a canonical work or type of literature, story of past events (associated with jātaka): Mahāvyutpatti 1274 = Tibetan (de lta bu) byuṅ ba (-ḥi sde), story, history (root ḥbyuṅ, happen, take place, = vṛt); here itivṛttakam is followed by jātakam; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 45.7 (verse) sūtrāṇi (or, with v.l., sūtrānta) bhāṣāmi [Page114-a+ 71] tathaiva gāthā itivṛttakaṃ jātakam adbhutaṃ ca; Bodhisattvabhūmi 67.20 (wrongly punctuated)…prakāśayati (comma, or no punctuation) itivṛttakāṃś ca pūrvayogapratisaṃ- yuktāṃ (= °tān; end of sentence!); Bodhisattvabhūmi 397.12—13 tathāgataḥ pūrvānte itivṛttakāṃś ca jātakāṃś ca smṛtvā… Cf. vṛttaka.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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