Geya: 18 definitions

Introduction:

Geya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Geya (गेय) or Geyamūrti refers to one of the twenty-three forms (mūrti) of Śiva mentioned in the Pūrvakāmikāgama (pratimālakṣaṇavidhi-paṭala): first and foremost among the Mūlāgama. The forms of Śiva (e.g., Geya) are established through a process known as Sādākhya, described as a five-fold process of creation.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Geya (गेय) (Cf. Geyajña) refers to “(vocal) singers”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If the sun and moon should be eclipsed when in the sign of Leo (Siṃha) hill men, prince like people possessed of a single military force, princes and forest men will suffer miseries. If they should be eclipsed when in the sign of Virgo (Kanyā), crops, poets, writers and singers [i.e., geya] will suffer and the rice fields of Aśmaka and Tripura will be destroyed”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Geya (गेय) refers to “singing”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.5.—Accordingly, as Menā eulogised Śivā (i.e., Umā/Durgā):—“[...] I bow to the grandmother, of perpetual bliss. I bow to the goddess who dispels the sorrow of the devotees, who is a model for all women and who constitutes the intellect of all living beings. You are the cause of the snapping of all fetters of ascetics. Which one of your powers can be sung by women like me [i.e., geyakaste geyo mādṛśībhiḥ]? You are violence mentioned in the Atharvaveda. You (of such powerful means) fulfil my desire. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Geya (गेय) refers to “songs”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “[...] It has been said that there are eighteen addictions. These are the outcome of the desire for earthly enjovments. [...] Vocal music consists of songs (geya) by charming voices sung with time and tune in harmony accompanied by dances. Experts only appreciate it. Sung on proper occasions it leads to the attainment of the four objects of life. It is patent to all how it leads to the attainment of wealth and desires. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Geya (गेय) refers to one of the twelve members of Buddhist texts (dvādaśāṅga), according to a note attached to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 51.—The kie ‘verses’ found in the sūtras are called geya ‘songs’.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Geya (गेय, “prosimetrum”) refers to one of the “nine (types of) teachings” (sūtra) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 62). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., geya). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Geya in India is the name of a plant defined with Salvadora persica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Salvadora crassinervia Hochst. ex T. Anderson (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Nat. Prod. Res. (2003)
· J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. (1860)
· Nomenclator Botanicus (1840)
· Cytologia (1988)
· Species Plantarum (1753)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Geya, for example side effects, health benefits, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gēya (गेय).—a S (Possible, purposed, proper, necessary) to be sung or lauded.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Geya (गेय).—pot. p. [gai kartari ni° yat]

1) A singer, one who sings; गेयो माणवकः साम्नाम् (geyo māṇavakaḥ sāmnām) P.III.4.68 Sk.

2) To be sung.

-yam 1 A song, singing, also the art of singing; गेये केन विनीतौ वाम् (geye kena vinītau vām) R.15.69; Meghadūta 88; अनन्ता वाङ्मयस्याहो गेयस्येव विचित्रता (anantā vāṅmayasyāho geyasyeva vicitratā) Śiśupālavadha 2.72.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Geya (गेय).—nt. (= Pali geyya), the second in the traditional Pali-[Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] list of nine (in Mahāvyutpatti twelve) types of Buddhist [Page215-a+ 71] sacred literature, classified by form and content; mingled prose and verse: (sūtraṃ) geyaṃ (Mahāvyutpatti gey(y)aṃ, but Mironov only geyaṃ) (vyākaraṇaṃ…) Mahāvyutpatti 1268; Dharmasaṃgraha 62; (sūtrāṇi…gāthā itivṛttakaṃ jātakam adbhutaṃ ca,) nidāna…geyaṃ ca bhāṣāmi tathopade- śān Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 45.(7—)8 (verses). Tibetan on Mahāvyutpatti dbyaṅs kyis bsñad pa, app. narration with verses.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Geya (गेय).—mfn.

(-yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) 1. A singer. 2. A song or chaunt, what is to be sung or chaunted. n.

(-yaṃ) Song, singing. E. gai to sing, affix yat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Geya (गेय).—[adjective] to be sung or praised; *singing ([genetive]); [neuter] song.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Geya (गेय):—a etc. See √gai.

2) [from gai] b mfn. ([Pāṇini 3-1, 97; Kāśikā-vṛtti]) to be sung, being sung or praised in song, [Lāṭyāyana; Harivaṃśa; Pāṇini 3-4, 68; Bhāgavata-purāṇa x]

3) [v.s. ...] singing, singer of ([genitive case]), [Pāṇini 3-4, 68]

4) [v.s. ...] n. a song, singing, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Meghadūta] etc. (said of the flies' humming, [Pañcatantra i, 15, 8/9])

5) [v.s. ...] cf. āśīr-, prātar-.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Geya (गेय):—[(yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) a.] Singing. (yaṃ) 1. n. A song or hymn.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Geya (गेय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Gea.

[Sanskrit to German]

Geya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Gēya (ಗೇಯ):—[adjective] that can or fit to, be or sung; having the nature of music; musical.

--- OR ---

Gēya (ಗೇಯ):—

1) [noun] the act or art of singing.

2) [noun] a piece of music sung or composed for singing; a song, verse, poetry, etc.

3) [noun] a man who sings; a singer.

4) [noun] a kind of metre having two long syllables in each foot.

--- OR ---

Gēya (ಗೇಯ):—

1) [noun] the tree Psidium guajava ( = P. pyriferum) of Myrtaceae family; guava tree.

2) [noun] its edible fruit.

3) [noun] the tree Salvadora persica of Salvadoraceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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