Udana, aka: Udāna; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Udana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Udāna (उदान).—One of the five upadoṣas (sub-functions) of vāta (one of the three biological humors).—

Location of udāna: Throat and lungs (diaphragm).

Functions of udāna: Controls the process of speech and the voice, upward movement of breath, responsible for strength, enthusiasm and will to work.

Ailments of udāna due to vitiation: ENT (Ear, Nose, Throat) and eye ailments, speech defects.

Source: Google Books: A Practical Approach to the Science of Ayurveda
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1a) Udāna (उदान).—A vital air.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 2. 20; IV. 4. 25.

1b) A Tuṣita god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 18.

1c) The name of the 13th kalpa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 290. 6.

1d) A mindborn son of Brahmā in the 21st kalpa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 21. 47.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

The fourth prana is known as Udana. It is located in the head region as well as the limbs, between the shoulders and the fingertips, and from the hips down to the toes. It is associated with the motor and sensory nervous system. Udana controls an immense amount of energy. It coordinates and activates the nervous system, moves the limbs of the body and receives and categorizes the different sensory inputs from the external world. Udana is connected intimately with the functions of the five senses, eyes, nose, mouth, ears and touch. If this prana becomes weak or disturbed, we find it difficult to coordinate, balance and integrate our sensory and motor nerves.

Source: Yoga Magazine: Prana

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A short collection of eighty stories, in eight vaggas, containing solemn utterances of the Buddha, made on special occasions. The Udana proper, comprising the Buddhas utterances, is mostly in verse, in ordinary metres (Sloka, Tristubh, Jagati), seldom in prose (E.g., iii.10; viii.1, 3, 4). Each Udana is accompanied by a prose account of the circumstances in which it was uttered.

The book forms the third division of the Khudda kanikaya (DA.i.17; but see p.15, where it is the seventh).

Udana is also the name of a portion of the Pitakas in their arrangement according to matter (anga). Thus divided, into this category fall eighty two suttas, containing verses uttered in a state of joy (DA.i.23-4; see also UdA. pp.2-3).

The prose and verse stories of the Udana seem to have formed the model for the Dhammapada Commentary (See Bud. Legends, i.28).

The Udana is also the source of twelve stories of the same Commentary and contains parallels for three others. About one third of the Udana is embodied in these stories. See, ibid., i.47-8, for details.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Udāna (उदान) refers to one of the twelve members of Buddhist texts (dvādaśāṅga), according to a note attached to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 51.—The udāna (‘exclamations’) are called yeou-fa. When the Buddha needed to speak and nobody was questioning him, he elicited a question by a short exclamation. Furthermore, as is said in the Prajñāpāramitāparivarta, the Devaputras applauded Subhūti on one occasion, exclaiming: “Good! Very good! Very rare is the Blessed One; exceptionally rare is the appearance of the Blessed One!”—That also is called udāna. Furthermore, after the parinirvāṇa of the Buddha, his disciples gathered and copied yao-kie ‘summary verses’ (uddāna?); verses about impermanence made up the chapter on impermanence (anityavarga) and so on up to the verses on the Brāhmaṇa which made up the chapter on the Brāhmaṇa (brāhmaṇavarga).—That also is called udāna. The collections of wonderful things are also called udāna.

In general, any literary composition where, under the influence of joy or sadness, an ‘exclamation’ is uttered, most often in the form of gāthā, can be called udāna. But udāna can also designate a given Buddhist work: for example, a collection of verses compiled after the Buddha’s parinirvāṇa dealing with the grand subjects of the religion.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Udana in Pali glossary... « previous · [U] · next »

udāna : (nt.) an emotional utterance.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Udāna, (nt.) (fr. ud + an to breathe) — 1. “breathing out”, exulting cry, i e. an utterance, mostly in metrical form, inspired by a particularly intense emotion, whether it be joyful or sorrowful (cp. K. S. p. 29 n. 2) D. I, 50, 92; S. I, 20, 27, 82, 160; A. I, 67; J. I, 76; Pug. 43, 62; Nett 174; PvA. 67; Sdhp. 514.—The utterance of such an inspired thought is usually introduced with the standing phrase “imaṃ udānaṃ udānesi” i.e. breathed forth this solemn utterance (Cp. BSk. udānaṃ udānayati Divy 99 etc. ), e.g. at Vin. I, 2 sq. , 12, 230, 353; D. I, 47; II, 107 (udāna of triumph); S. III, 55; Mhvs XIX. 29; DA. I, 140; Ud. 1 passim; SnA 354 (“the familiar quotation about the sakyas”). Occasionally (later) we find other phrases, as e.g. udānaṃ pavatti J. I, 61; abhāsi Vin. IV, 54; kathesi J. VI, 38.—2. one of the aṅgas or categories of the Buddhist Scriptures: see under nava & aṅga.—Cp. vodāna. (Page 134)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

uḍāṇa (उडाण).—m A portion of a farm or lands lying off or apart.

--- OR ---

udāna (उदान).—m (S) One of the five vital airs,--that which rises up the throat and passes into the head. 2 n Gasping and heaving (as in the agonies of death); sense of suffocation through over-eating or from disease. v lāga.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

udāna (उदान).—m One of the five vital airs. Gas- ping and heaving.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Udāna (उदान).—[an-ghañ]

1) Breathing upwards.

2) Breathing, breath in general.

3) One of the five vital airs or life-winds which rises up the throat and enters into the head); the other four being प्राण, अपान, समान (prāṇa, apāna, samāna) and व्यान (vyāna); स्पन्दयत्यधरं वक्त्रं गात्रनेत्रप्रकोपनः । उद्वेजयति मर्माणि उदानो नाम मारुतः (spandayatyadharaṃ vaktraṃ gātranetraprakopanaḥ | udvejayati marmāṇi udāno nāma mārutaḥ) ||

4) (With Buddhists) An expression of praise or joy.

5) The navel.

6) An eye-lash.

7) A kind of snake. 2. udan n. [und-kanin P.VI.1.63] Water (usually occurring in compounds either at the beginning or at the end, and as an optional substitute for udaka after the acc. dual. It has no forms for the first five inflections. In comp. it drops its n); e. g. उदधि, अच्छोद, क्षीरोद (udadhi, acchoda, kṣīroda) &c.

Derivable forms: udānaḥ (उदानः).

--- OR ---

Udāna (उदान).—See under 1. उदन् (udan).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Udāna (उदान).—m.

(-naḥ) 1. One of the five vital airs, that which rises us the throat and passes into the head. 2. The navel. 3. A snake. 4. An eye-lash. E. ud above, āṅa prefixed to aṇa to breathe, to be, affix ghañ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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