Avadana, aka: Avadāna; 8 Definition(s)


Avadana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Avadāna (अवदान) refers to one of the twelve members of Buddhist texts (dvādaśāṅga), according to a note attached to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 51.—The avadānas ‘stories’ are amusing little tales (mṛdukathā) such as there are among people in the world. For example:

  1. In the Madhyāgama: the Tch’ang a-po-t’o-na (Dīrghāvadāna);
  2. In the Dīrgāgama: the Ta a-po-t’o-na (Mahāvadāna),
  3. In the Vinaya: the Yi-eul a-po-t’o na (Koṭikarṇāvadāna)
  4. and the Eul-che-yi a-po-t’o-na (Koṭiviṃśāvadāna),
  5. In the two hundred and fifty rules (śikṣāpada): the Yu a-po-t’o-na (Chandāvadāna) in one book
  6. and the P’ou-sa a-po-t’o-na (Bodhisattvāvadāna) in one book.

There are innumerable avadānas of this kind.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Avadana in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Avadāna, see apadāna. (Page 82)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Avadana in Marathi glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

avadāna (अवदान).—n (S) A handful of the materials prepared for oblation cast into the fire. 2 fig. Swallowing or gulping a bribe or douceur: also fraudulently appropriating; embezzlement or peculation: also the douceur or the embezzlement. v māra, dē. Pr. gṛhasthāsa a0 bhikṣukāsa śayyādāna or kārakunāsa a0 bhaṭāsa mahādāna.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

avadāna (अवदान).—n A handful of the materials prepared for oblation cast into the fire. Fig. Swallowing or gulping a bribe, fraudulently appropriating, embezzlement.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avadāna (अवदान).—

1) A pure or approved occupation.

2) An accomplished act.

3) A valorous or glorious act, prowess, heroic act, heroism, glorious achievement; संगीयमानत्रिपुरावदानः (saṃgīyamānatripurāvadānaḥ) Ku.7.48; Śi.7.2,18.16; प्रापदस्त्रमवदान- तोषितात् (prāpadastramavadāna- toṣitāt) R.11.21; Ki.17.16; तत्त्वत्पूर्वावदानेभ्यो न रोचते (tattvatpūrvāvadānebhyo na rocate) Dk.52; Ki.3.43,13.32.

4) Object of a legend.

5) Objection; जुहुयान्मूलमन्त्रेण षोडशर्चावदानतः (juhuyānmūlamantreṇa ṣoḍaśarcāvadānataḥ) Bhāg.11.27.41 Sacrificial object for an oblation.

Derivable forms: avadānam (अवदानम्).

--- OR ---

Avadāna (अवदान).—[ava-do-lyuṭ]

1) Cutting or dividing into pieces.

2) A part, portion; हृदयाद्यवदानानाम् (hṛdayādyavadānānām) Ś. B.

3) Transgression.

4) The root of a plant (vīraṇa); see अवदान (avadāna) also.

Derivable forms: avadānam (अवदानम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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