Avadana, aka: Avadāna; 8 Definition(s)
Avadana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Avadāna (अवदान) refers to one of the twelve members of Buddhist texts (dvādaśāṅga), according to a note attached to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 51.—The avadānas ‘stories’ are amusing little tales (mṛdukathā) such as there are among people in the world. For example:
- In the Madhyāgama: the Tch’ang a-po-t’o-na (Dīrghāvadāna);
- In the Dīrgāgama: the Ta a-po-t’o-na (Mahāvadāna),
- In the Vinaya: the Yi-eul a-po-t’o na (Koṭikarṇāvadāna)
- and the Eul-che-yi a-po-t’o-na (Koṭiviṃśāvadāna),
- In the two hundred and fifty rules (śikṣāpada): the Yu a-po-t’o-na (Chandāvadāna) in one book
- and the P’ou-sa a-po-t’o-na (Bodhisattvāvadāna) in one book.
There are innumerable avadānas of this kind.Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Avadāna, see apadāna. (Page 82)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
avadāna (अवदान).—n (S) A handful of the materials prepared for oblation cast into the fire. 2 fig. Swallowing or gulping a bribe or douceur: also fraudulently appropriating; embezzlement or peculation: also the douceur or the embezzlement. v māra, dē. Pr. gṛhasthāsa a0 bhikṣukāsa śayyādāna or kārakunāsa a0 bhaṭāsa mahādāna.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
avadāna (अवदान).—n A handful of the materials prepared for oblation cast into the fire. Fig. Swallowing or gulping a bribe, fraudulently appropriating, embezzlement.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) A pure or approved occupation.
2) An accomplished act.
3) A valorous or glorious act, prowess, heroic act, heroism, glorious achievement; संगीयमानत्रिपुरावदानः (saṃgīyamānatripurāvadānaḥ) Ku.7.48; Śi.7.2,18.16; प्रापदस्त्रमवदान- तोषितात् (prāpadastramavadāna- toṣitāt) R.11.21; Ki.17.16; तत्त्वत्पूर्वावदानेभ्यो न रोचते (tattvatpūrvāvadānebhyo na rocate) Dk.52; Ki.3.43,13.32.
4) Object of a legend.
5) Objection; जुहुयान्मूलमन्त्रेण षोडशर्चावदानतः (juhuyānmūlamantreṇa ṣoḍaśarcāvadānataḥ) Bhāg.11.27.41 Sacrificial object for an oblation.
Derivable forms: avadānam (अवदानम्).
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1) Cutting or dividing into pieces.
2) A part, portion; हृदयाद्यवदानानाम् (hṛdayādyavadānānām) Ś. B.
4) The root of a plant (vīraṇa); see अवदान (avadāna) also.
Derivable forms: avadānam (अवदानम्).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 17 books and stories containing Avadana or Avadāna. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
III.3. Community, the best field of merit < [III. Recollection of the community (saṃgānusmṛti)]
Avadāna of Koṭīviṃśa < [III. Recollection of the community (saṃgānusmṛti)]
Avadāna of Bakkula < [III. Recollection of the community (saṃgānusmṛti)]
Āpastamba-gṛhya-sūtra (by Āpastamba)
Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra (by Pāraskara)
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Chapter XVI - The ninth Bhūmi < [Volume I]
Chapter II-h - The hell named Avīci < [Volume I]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 36 - The dialogue between Viṣṇu and Vīrabhadra < [Section 2.2 - Rudra-saṃhitā (2): Satī-khaṇḍa]
Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra (by Āśvalāyana)