Dikkumara, Dikkumāra, Dish-kumara: 5 definitions
Dikkumara means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Dikkumāra (दिक्कुमार) refers to a class of bhavanavāsin, which is a species of deva (gods), according to Jain cosmology. The bhavanavāsins or bhaumeyika gods (e.g. the Diks, or Diś) have a princely appearance (kumāra) and live in palaces (bhavana) and the upper part of the uppermost hell (ratnaprabhā).
The diś have an associated caityavṛkṣa (sacred-tree) known as the Śirīṣa accoring to the Digambara and Karṇikāra according to Śvetāmbara. They are defined according to the cosmological texts, such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition, or the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)
Dikkumāra (दिक्कुमार) refers to “guardians of the ten directions /compass points” and represents on of the ten classes of “residential celestial beings” (bhavanavāsin), itself a category of devas (celestial beings), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.10.
Who are the lords amongst the ‘directional-guardian-youths’ (dikkumāra) class of residential beings? Amitagati and Amitavāhana are the two lords in the Directional-guardian-youths residential beings.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Dikkumāra (दिक्कुमार):—[=dik-kumāra] [from dik > diś] m. [plural] ‘the youths of the q°’, a class of deities (with Jainas), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 3 books and stories containing Dikkumara, Dikkumāra, Dish-kumara, Dik-kumāra, Dik-kumara, Dishkumara, Dis-kumara, Diskumara, Diś-kumara, Diśkumara; (plurals include: Dikkumaras, Dikkumāras, kumaras, kumāras, Dishkumaras, Diskumaras, Diśkumaras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Tattvartha Sutra (with commentary) (by Vijay K. Jain)
Verse 4.10 - The subclasses of the residential beings (bhavanavāsī-deva) < [Chapter 4 - The Celestial Beings]
Verse 4.6 - The two lords (indra) < [Chapter 4 - The Celestial Beings]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 18: The Bhavanapatis < [Chapter III - The initiation and omniscience of Ajita]
Part 8: Birth-ceremonies presided over by Śakra < [Chapter II - Birth of Ajita and Sagara]
Part 4: Birth ceremonies of Ṛṣabha < [Chapter II]
Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti) (by K. C. Lalwani)