### Bhagavati-sutra (Viyaha-pannatti)

by K. C. Lalwani | 1973 | 185,989 words

The English translation of the Bhagavati-sutra which is the fifth Jaina Agama (canonical literature). It is a large encyclopedic work in the form of a dialogue where Mahavira replies to various question. The present form of the Sutra dates to the fifth century A.D. Abhayadeva Suri wrote a vritti (commentary) on the Bhagavati in A.D. 1071. In his J...

# Part 1 - On cells in the hells

Q. 164. *Bhante*! How many have been stated to be the hells?

A. 164. Gautama! Hells have been stated to be seven. They are: Ratnaprabha...till Mahā-tamaḥprabhā.

Q. 165. *Bhante*! In the hell called Ratnaprabhā, how many have been stated to be the cells for the infernal beings?

A. 165. Gautama! (They have been) stated to be 30,00,000.

*Couplet*:

Hundred-thousand thirty, then twenty-five,

Next fifteen and ten,

Three hundred-thousand in the fifth,

Then one hundred-thousand minus five,

And at the seventh only five

Are total cells for the infernals.

Q. 166. *Bhante*! How many hundred-thousand have been stated to be the cells of the Asurakumāras^{108}?

A. 166. They are: (break-ups provided).

(figures in hundred-thousand)

Total | Break-up between |
||

north | south | ||

Asurakumāras | 64 | 30 | 34 |

Nāgakumāras | 84 | 40 | 44 |

Suvarṇakumāras | 72 | 34 | 38 |

Vāyukumāras | 96 | 46 | 50 |

Dvīpakumāras | 76 | 36 | 40 |

Dikkumāras | 76 | 36 | 40 |

Udadhikumāras | 76 | 36 | 40 |

Vidyutkumāras | 76 | 36 | 40 |

Agnikumāras | 76 | 36 | 40 |

Stanitakumāras | 76 | 36 | 40 |

Q. 167. *Bhante*! How many have been stated to be the cells of the earth-bodies?

A. 167. Gautama! Countless hundreds of thousands have been stated to be the cells of the earth-bodies...till countless have been stated- to be the abodes called *vimanās* of the astronomical bodies.

Q. 168. *Bhante*! How many have been stated to be the abodes in Saudharma-kalpa?

A. 168. Gautama! (They are) stated to be 32,00,000. And then:

Saudharma—32,00,000

Aiśāna—28,00,000

Sānatkumāra—12,00,000

Māhendra—8,00,000

Brahmaloka—4,00,000

Lāntaka—50,000

Mahāsukra—40,000

Sahasrāra—6,000

Ānata / Prāṇata—400

Āraṇa / Acyuta—300

Thus the last four have a total of 700 *vimānas*. (Above these,) the neck-like (Graiveyaka) trio (implying three compartments) have (in all) 111, 107 and 100 *vimānas*. (Above these) are 5 Anuttara *vimānas*, the last of the celestial abodes^{109}.

## Notes (based on commentary of Abhayadeva Sūri):

**108.** The Asurakumāras and others in the list are called ‘Bhavanavāsis’ and their abodes are called the ‘*bhavanas*’.

**109.** ‘*Vimānas*’ are the abodes of the Vaimānika gods. They are all in the upper spheres. (Vide note 71.) The total of all the *vimānas* is 84,97,023.