Bhavanapati, Bhavana-pati: 6 definitions


Bhavanapati means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Bhavanapati in Jainism glossary
Source: Google Books: Jaina Iconography

Bhavanapati (भवनपति).—The first of four classifications of gods (devas).—The abodes of Bhavanapatis (or, Bhavanavāsī), situated in the Ratnaprabhā earth, are like two rows, in the north and south, of shops on a highway. The ten classes of Bhavanapatis are the same according to both the sects (Digambara and Śvetāmbara). Each group has its own recognising mark, usually shown in front of their crowns.

  1. Asura-kumāras,
  2. Nāga-kumāras,
  3. Suparṇa-kumāras,
  4. Dvīpa-kumāras,
  5. Udadhi-kumāras,
  6. Stanita-kumāras,
  7. Vidyut-kumāras,
  8. Dik-kumāras,
  9. Agni-kumāras,
  10. Vāyu-kumāras.
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Bhavanapati (भवनपति) or Bhavanādhipa refers to a group of deities situated in the Ratnaprabhā-earth in the “lower world” (adhaloka), according to chapter 2.2 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly: “[...] In the thickness of the Ratnaprabhā-earth there are 180,000 yojanas. Excepting 1000 above and below, within it are the dwellings of the Bhavanapatis. The Bhavanapatis are in two rows in the north and south, like rows of shops on the highway. [...]”.

The Bhavanādhipas are as follows:

  1. the Asuras with a crest-jewel cihna;
  2. the Nāgas with a snake-hood cihna;
  3. the Vidyuts with a thunderbolt as cihna;
  4. the Suparṇas with a garuḍa as cihna;
  5. the Vahnis with the jar-cihna;
  6. the Vāyus with the horse-cihna;
  7. the Stanitas with the vardhamāna-aṅka;
  8. the Udadhis with the makara-aṅka;
  9. the Dvīpas with the lion-lāñchana;
  10. the Dikkumāras with the elephant-lāñchana.

Among these the two Indras of the Asuras are Camara and Bali; Dharaṇa and Bhūtānanda are the Purandaras of the Nāgas; of the Vidyutkumāras Hari and Harisaha; of the Suparṇas the Vāsavas are Veṇudeva and Veṇudārin; the lords of the Agnikumāras are Agniśikha and Agnimāṇava; Velamba and Prabhañjana of the Vāyukumāras; of the Stanitas the Vāsavas are Sughoṣā and Mahāghoṣa; Indras of the Abdhikumāras are Jalakānti and Jalaprabha; Pūrṇa and Avaśiṣṭa are overlords of the Dvīpakumāras; Amita and Amitavāhana are the lords of the Dikkumāras.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhavanapati in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhavanapati (भवनपति).—m. the lord of the house, a pater familias.

Derivable forms: bhavanapatiḥ (भवनपतिः).

Bhavanapati is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bhavana and pati (पति). See also (synonyms): bhavanasvāmin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhavanapati (भवनपति):—[=bhavana-pati] [from bhavana > bhava] m. = -svāmin, [Apte’s The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

2) [v.s. ...] [plural] (with Jainas) a [particular] class of gods, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhavanapati in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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