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Cetana, aka: Volition, Cetanā; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Cetana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Hinduism

Purāṇa

1) Cetana (चेतन).—Is Cyavana.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 88.

2) Cetanā (चेतना).—Released by Indra in the sacrifice.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 81.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

about this context:

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

Pali

Cetanā, (f. abstr. fr. cet, see cinteti) state of ceto in action, thinking as active thought, intention, purpose, will. Defined as action (kamma: A iii. 415; cp. KV. VIII, 9, § 38 untraced quotation; cp. A. V, 292). Often combd w. patthanā & paṇidhi (wish & aspiration), e.g. S. II, 99, 154; A. I, 32, 224; V 212; Nd2 112 (in def. of asucimanussā, people of ignoble action: asuciyā cetanāya, patthanāya, paṇidhinā samannāgatā). Also classed with these in a larger group in KV. , e.g. 343, 380.—Combd w. vedanā saññā c. citta phassa manasikāra in def. of nāmakāya (opp. rūpakāya) S. II, 3 (without citta), Ps. I, 183 (do.); Nett 77, 78.—Enumd under the four blessings of vatthu, paccaya, c. , guṇātireka (-sampadā) & def. as “cetanāya somanassa-sahagatañāṇa-sampayutta-bhāvo" at DhA. III, 94.—C. is opposed to cetasika (i.e. ceto) in its determination of the 7 items of good conduct (see sīla) which refers to actions of the body (or are wilful, called cetanākamma Nett 43, 96; otherwise distinguished as kāya- & vacīkammantā A. V, 292 sq.), whereas the 3 last items (sīla 8—10) refer to the behaviour of the mind (cetasikakamma Nett. , mano-kammanta A), viz. the shrinking back from covetousness, malice, & wrong views. ‹-› Vin. III, 112; S. III, 60; A. II, 232 (kaṇhassa kammassa pahānāya cetanā: intention to give up wrong-doing); VvA. 72 (vadhaka-cetanā wilful murder); maraṇacetanā intention of death DhA. I, 20; āhār’āsā cetanā intention consisting in deśire for food Vism. 537. ‹-› PvA. 8, 30 (pariccāga° intention to give); Pug. 12; Miln. 94; Sdhp. 52, 72.—In scholastic lgg. often expld as cetanā sañcetanā sañcetayitatta (viz. state or behaviour of volition) Dhs. 5; Vbh. 285.—Cp. Dhs. 58 (+citta); Vbh. 401 (id.); Vbh. 40, 403; Vism. 463 (cetayatī ti cetanā; abhisandahatī ti attho). (Page 271)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

cetanā : (f.) intention.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

'volition', will, is one of the seven mental factors (cetasika, q.v.) inseparably bound up with all consciousness, namely sensorial or mental impression (phassa), feeling (vedanā), perception (saññā), volition (cetanā), concentration (samādhi), vitality (jīvita), advertence (manasikāra). Cf. Tab. II, III.

With regard to karmical volition (i.e. wholesome or unwholesome karma) it is said in A. VI, 13: "Volition is action (karma), thus I say, o monks; for as soon as volition arises, one does the action, be it by body, speech or mind." For details, s. paticca-samuppāda (10), karma.

-- or --

cetanā.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

1. Cetana, volition, is a cetasika which arises with every citta, as we have seen. Seeing, hearing or thinking which arise now are accompanied by cetana. Every type of cetana perform the function of coordinating the different tasks of the accompanying dhammas, no matter whether the citta is kusala citta, akusala citta, vipaka citta or kiriya citta.

2. The characteristic of cetana is coordinating. It coordinates the citta and the other cetasikas it accompanies on the object.

One of the Seven Universals.

Source: Dhamma Study: Cetasikas

One of the Sabbacittasadharana cetasikas. Cetana is volition. It urges citta and other co arising cetasikas to do their jobs. Cetana is the chief commiter of all actions bodily actions, verbal actions and mental actions.

While it arises together with committing citta, it becomes a potential like a seed that would grow to its full resultant effects whenever conditions favour. This potential or kamma always follow along with each arising citta as if our shades follow ourselves all the time and this will be ongoing until cuti citta or arahats.

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

or mental formation, or action, or conduct, or deed, usually done through the body, mouth or mind. The Sanskrit word is Samskara.

Source: Buddhist Door: Glossary

Relevant definitions

Search found 61 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Cetana Sutta
Cetanā, (f. abstr. fr. cet, see cinteti) state of ceto in action, thinking as active thought, i...
Karma
Karma (कर्म, “activity”) is one of the seven accepted categories of padārtha (&l...
Saṅkhāra
Saṅkhāra, (fr. saṃ+kṛ, not Vedic, but as saṃskāra Epic & Class. Sk. meaning “preparation” and “...
Śila
1) Śila (शिल).—One of Danu's sons.** Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 5.2a) Śilā (शिला).—A R. from t...
Kuśala
1) Kuśala (कुशल).—One of the seven sons of Dyutimān, who was a son of Priyavrata, acco...
Nāma
Nāma (नाम, “nouns”).—The noun has its functions determined by the case-end...
Chanda
Chanda (छन्द).—Vedic metres as steeds of the sun's chariot;1 as part of Viṣṇu.2 Seven i...
Āhāra
Āhāra (आहार, “diet”).—One of the thee supporting pillars of the body.&mdas...
Rūpa
1) Rūpa (रूप, “supposition”) refers to ‘consequent supposition’ or hypotheses expressing doubt....
Dāna
Dāna (दान).—What is meant by charity (dāna)? Bestowing gifts or things owned by one self for th...
Samādhi
Samādhi (समाधि, “concentration”).—One of the ten guṇas (merits) of a kāvya (dramatic play);—Des...
Mūla
Mūla (मूल, “root”).—One of the ten kinds of “plant-bodies” (vanaspati) a soul (jīva) can be reb...
Paccaya
Paccaya, (fr. paṭi+i, cp. Ved. pratyaya & P. pacceti, paṭicca) lit. resting on, falling back on...
āyūhana
Āyūhana, (adj. -nt.) (fr. āyūhati) — 1. endeavouring, striving, Ps. I, 10 sq. , 32, 52; II, 218...
Akusala
akusala : (nt.) demerit; sin; bad action. (adj.), unskilful.

Relevant text

Search found 304 books containing Cetana, Volition or Cetanā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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