Ceta, Ceṭa, Cetā: 11 definitions

Introduction

Ceta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Cheta.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Ceṭa (चेट) refers to “menials” (servants, slaves etc.), whose mask should be represented as having either three śikhās (tuft of hair at crown of head) or a shaven head (śiromuṇḍa), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Providing masks is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35, “a servant (ceṭa) be should be fond of quarrel, garrulous, uncouth in form and give service under bondage, and be expert in distinguishing between persons who are to be honoured and who are not”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. A kingdom through which Vessantara passed on his way from Jetuttara.

2. Vessantaras uncle ruled in Ceta, and it was ten leagues from Dunnivittha (J.vi.514ff; Cyp.i.9, vs.38f).

3. The women of Ceta are called Cetiya (J.vi.514).

4. Ceta is probably another name for Cetiya.

5. The people of Cetiya. J.i.256; vi.516.

6. Daughter in law of Vidhura and Anujja. J.vi.290.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ceta : (m.; nt.) (mano-group), thought; intention; purpose. || ceṭa (m.), a servant boy.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ceṭa, a servant, a boy J. III, 478. See next. (Page 271)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cēṭa (चेट).—f cēṭaka n ( H) Sorcery or witchcraft. 2 fig. Guile, cunning, wiles, arts; evil machinations; wicked scheming and devising.

--- OR ---

cēṭā (चेटा).—m A son. Little known in Maraṭhi except in Pr. suiṇīpuḍhēṃ cēṭā lapaṇāra nāhīṃ.

--- OR ---

cēta (चेत).—a (Corr. from acētana S) Senseless or motionless. 2 Commonly cīta.

--- OR ---

cēta (चेत).—f m Kindling, catching, taking fire. v ghē, yē.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cēṭa (चेट).—f cēṭaka n Sorcery. Guile.

--- OR ---

cēta (चेत).—a Motionless. f m Kindling. Catch- ing fire.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ceṭa (चेट).—[ciṭ ac, vā ṭasya ḍaḥ] A servant; एतत्तस्य मुखाच्छ्रुत्वा राजचेटस्य दुर्मनाः (etattasya mukhācchrutvā rājaceṭasya durmanāḥ) Ks.6.127.

Derivable forms: ceṭaḥ (चेटः).

See also (synonyms): ceḍa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ceṭa (चेट).—m.

(-ṭaḥ) A servant, a salve. f. (-ṭī) A female servant. E. ciṭ to serve, affix ac also with kan added ceṭaka. f. ceṭikā; also ceḍa, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ceṭa (चेट).—[masculine] ī [feminine] male & female servant.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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