Ceta, Ceṭa, Cetā, Cētā: 23 definitions


Ceta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Cheta.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Ceṭa (चेट) refers to “menials” (servants, slaves etc.), whose mask should be represented as having either three śikhās (tuft of hair at crown of head) or a shaven head (śiromuṇḍa), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. Providing masks is a component of nepathya (costumes and make-up) and is to be done in accordance with the science of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35, “a servant (ceṭa) be should be fond of quarrel, garrulous, uncouth in form and give service under bondage, and be expert in distinguishing between persons who are to be honoured and who are not”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Ceta (चेत):—[cetaḥ] Psyche or mind

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)

Ceṭa (चेट) (or Ceṭī) in Sanskrit (or Ceḍī in Prakrit) refers to a “servant, slave”, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).—(CDIAL 4902; ST p. 17).

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Cetā (चेता) refers to a “sentient being”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] Thus, O god, beyond the god, transcendent and primordial (ādyā), she resides within Saṃvartā. And so she is omniscient, the agent (of all action), the energy Śāmbhavī elucidated in the Ciñciṇīmata who emanates the cosmic form. Above, the sentient being of consciousness (caitanya-cetā) should contemplate the plane of the unfolding (emanation) (prasarabhūmikā). (Kubjikā, who is also called) Kulālikā, sports (ramate) (there) by filling (bharaṇāt) the Lion (who embodies the tradition). Silent (anādinī) and unmanifest (nirābhāsā), she has dissolved (away) into the End of the Sixteen [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Ceṭā (चेटा) [=Ceṣṭā?] refers to the “motions, conjunctions and the like” (of the planets), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “And in horoscopy, the Jyotiṣaka must know such divisions of space as rāśi (a sign of Zodiac or a space of 30°), horā (15° or half a sign), drekkana (10° or one third of a sign), navāṃśaka (3° 20' or one-ninth of a sign), dvādaśāṃśaka (2° 30' or one twelfth of a sign), triṃśāṃśaka (one-thirtieth of a sign), and their strength or weakness considered horoscopically; he must know the horoscopic strength of the planets with respect to their Dik (direction), Sthāna (place), Kāla, (time) Ceṭā (motions, conjunctions and the like)”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. A kingdom through which Vessantara passed on his way from Jetuttara.

2. Vessantaras uncle ruled in Ceta, and it was ten leagues from Dunnivittha (J.vi.514ff; Cyp.i.9, vs.38f).

3. The women of Ceta are called Cetiya (J.vi.514).

4. Ceta is probably another name for Cetiya.

5. The people of Cetiya. J.i.256; vi.516.

6. Daughter in law of Vidhura and Anujja. J.vi.290.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Ceṭa (चेट) refers to a group of beings mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including the Ceṭas).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: academia.edu: Tessitori Collection I (history)

Ceta (चेत) refers to one of the twelve months mentioned in the Bārāmāso (dealing with poetry and riddles), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The months are described in the following sequence: [e.g., Ceta] [...]. The tone is that of an evocation of the sounds and things seen during each of the twelve months akin to love poetry (sājana, mere sājana) and profane twelve months songs. But as the poem unfolds the religious tone increases, with reference to ‘the good teacher’ and presence of Jain terms so that this work is also close to Aupadeśik Bāramāso [...]

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ceta : (m.; nt.) (mano-group), thought; intention; purpose. || ceṭa (m.), a servant boy.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ceṭa, a servant, a boy J. III, 478. See next. (Page 271)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cēṭa (चेट).—f cēṭaka n ( H) Sorcery or witchcraft. 2 fig. Guile, cunning, wiles, arts; evil machinations; wicked scheming and devising.

--- OR ---

cēṭā (चेटा).—m A son. Little known in Maraṭhi except in Pr. suiṇīpuḍhēṃ cēṭā lapaṇāra nāhīṃ.

--- OR ---

cēta (चेत).—a (Corr. from acētana S) Senseless or motionless. 2 Commonly cīta.

--- OR ---

cēta (चेत).—f m Kindling, catching, taking fire. v ghē, yē.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cēṭa (चेट).—f cēṭaka n Sorcery. Guile.

--- OR ---

cēta (चेत).—a Motionless. f m Kindling. Catch- ing fire.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ceṭa (चेट).—[ciṭ ac, vā ṭasya ḍaḥ] A servant; एतत्तस्य मुखाच्छ्रुत्वा राजचेटस्य दुर्मनाः (etattasya mukhācchrutvā rājaceṭasya durmanāḥ) Kathāsaritsāgara 6.127.

Derivable forms: ceṭaḥ (चेटः).

See also (synonyms): ceḍa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ceṭa (चेट).—m.

(-ṭaḥ) A servant, a salve. f. (-ṭī) A female servant. E. ciṭ to serve, affix ac also with kan added ceṭaka. f. ceṭikā; also ceḍa, &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ceṭa (चेट).—m. f. ṭī, A slave, a servant, Kāthas. 6, 127; [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 91, 62.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ceṭa (चेट).—[masculine] ī [feminine] male & female servant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ceṭa (चेट):—m. a servant, slave, [Mṛcchakaṭikā; Kathāsaritsāgara vi, 127] (ifc.), [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

2) a kind of fish, [Āpastamba-dharma-sūtra i, 17, 38]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ceṭa (चेट):—[(ṭaḥ-ṭī)] 1. m. 3. f. A servant.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ceta (चेत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Cea, Ceḍa, Ceḍaga, Ceḍaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ceta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ceta (चेत) [Also spelled chet]:—(nm) consciousness; senses.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Cēṭa (ಚೇಟ):—[noun] a man employed for personal or menial work; a servant.

--- OR ---

Cēta (ಚೇತ):—[noun] = ಚೇತನ [cetana]2 - 1.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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