Acetana, Acetanā, Acetāna: 9 definitions


Acetana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Achetana.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Acetanā (अचेतना).—The wife of Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 82.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Samkhya (school of philosophy)

[(A) next»] — Acetana in Samkhya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Prakrti and purusa in Samkhyakarika an analytical review

Acetana (अचेतन, “unconscious”).—The term acetana means unconscious. As prakṛti is matter (jaḍa), so it is unconscious. The vyakya and avyakta forms of prakṛti lack consciousness, because they are jaḍa (material) and as such different from puruṣa—the pure consciousness. Hence, the vyakta and avyakta forms of prakṛti are unconscious (acetana). The reason that the avyakta and the vyaktas, inspite of being constitutionally unconscious, seem to be conscious is that owing to the proximity (saṃyoga) of prakṛti and puruṣa, unconscious buddhi appears as conscious and fulfills the enjoyment of puruṣa. So, essentially pradhāna and its manifest forms, like buddhi, are all consciouss.

context information

Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Acetana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

acetana : (adj.) senseless; inorganic.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

acētana (अचेतन).—a (S) That is without sensation or life, inanimate. 2 Deprived of sensation, insensible, exanimate.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

acētana (अचेतन).—a Insensible. Inanimate.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Acetana (अचेतन).—a. [na. ba.]

1) Inanimate, not sentient, irrational; चेतन °नेषु (cetana °neṣu) Me.5; °नं ब्रह्म (naṃ brahma) inanimate Brahman; °नं नाम गुणं न लक्षयेत् (naṃ nāma guṇaṃ na lakṣayet) Ś.6.13 destitute of life, lifeless (object &c.); °नेष्वपि चेतनावदुपचारः (neṣvapi cetanāvadupacāraḥ) Mahābhārata

2) Not conscious, insensible; senseless; निराशा निहते पुत्रे दत्ता श्राद्ध- मचेतना (nirāśā nihate putre dattā śrāddha- macetanā) Rām.6.92.55. बुद्धिशतमचेतने नष्टम् (buddhiśatamacetane naṣṭam) H.2.14.

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Acetāna (अचेतान).—a. [cit śānac na. ta.] Ved. Void of consciousness, ignorant; silly, infatuated. अचेतानस्य मा पथो वि दुक्षः (acetānasya mā patho vi dukṣaḥ) | Rv.7.4.7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Acetana (अचेतन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Insensible, unconscious, devoid of reason or feeling. E. a neg. cetanā consciousness.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Acetana (अचेतन).—[adjective] reasonless, unconscious.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Acetana (अचेतन):—[=a-cetana] mfn. without consciousness, inanimate

2) [v.s. ...] unconscious, insensible, senseless, fainting, etc.

3) Acetāna (अचेतान):—[=a-cetāna] [from a-cetana] mfn. thoughtless, infatuated, [Ṛg-veda vii, 4, 7.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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