Acetana, aka: Acetanā, Acetāna; 7 Definition(s)
Acetana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Achetana.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Acetanā (अचेतना).—The wife of Manu.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 82.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Samkhya (school of philosophy)
Acetana (अचेतन, “unconscious”).—The term acetana means unconscious. As prakṛti is matter (jaḍa), so it is unconscious. The vyakya and avyakta forms of prakṛti lack consciousness, because they are jaḍa (material) and as such different from puruṣa—the pure consciousness. Hence, the vyakta and avyakta forms of prakṛti are unconscious (acetana). The reason that the avyakta and the vyaktas, inspite of being constitutionally unconscious, seem to be conscious is that owing to the proximity (saṃyoga) of prakṛti and puruṣa, unconscious buddhi appears as conscious and fulfills the enjoyment of puruṣa. So, essentially pradhāna and its manifest forms, like buddhi, are all consciouss.Source: Shodhganga: Prakrti and purusa in Samkhyakarika an analytical review
Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).
Languages of India and abroad
acetana : (adj.) senseless; inorganic.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
acētana (अचेतन).—a (S) That is without sensation or life, inanimate. 2 Deprived of sensation, insensible, exanimate.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
acētana (अचेतन).—a Insensible. Inanimate.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Acetana (अचेतन).—a. [na. ba.]
1) Inanimate, not sentient, irrational; चेतन °नेषु (cetana °neṣu) Me.5; °नं ब्रह्म (naṃ brahma) inanimate Brahman; °नं नाम गुणं न लक्षयेत् (naṃ nāma guṇaṃ na lakṣayet) Ś.6.13 destitute of life, lifeless (object &c.); °नेष्वपि चेतनावदुपचारः (neṣvapi cetanāvadupacāraḥ) Mbh.
2) Not conscious, insensible; senseless; निराशा निहते पुत्रे दत्ता श्राद्ध- मचेतना (nirāśā nihate putre dattā śrāddha- macetanā) Rām.6.92.55. बुद्धिशतमचेतने नष्टम् (buddhiśatamacetane naṣṭam) H.2.14.
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Acetāna (अचेतान).—a. [cit śānac na. ta.] Ved. Void of consciousness, ignorant; silly, infatuated. अचेतानस्य मा पथो वि दुक्षः (acetānasya mā patho vi dukṣaḥ) | Rv.7.4.7.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Insensible, unconscious, devoid of reason or feeling. E. a neg. cetanā consciousness.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 12 books and stories containing Acetana, Acetanā or Acetāna. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
A study of the philosophy of Jainism (by Deepa Baruah)
Chapter II.a - Prabhācandra’s refutation of different views about knowledge < [Chapter II - Jaina theory of Knowledge]
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Elephantology and its Ancient Sanskrit Sources (by Geetha N.)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
II. The movements of mind are cognized by an infallible liberation < [Part 2 - Distinguishing the movements of mind of all beings]