Cetaka, Ceṭaka: 12 definitions

Introduction

Cetaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chetaka.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kakṣapuṭa-tantra

Ceṭaka (चेटक) refers to “using someone as a slave”. It is a siddhi (‘supernatural power’) described in chapter one of the Kakṣapuṭatantra (a manual of Tantric practice from the tenth century).

Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Ceṭaka (चेटक) refers to “using someone as a slave” and represents one of the various siddhis (perfections) mentioned in the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.11-13. Accordingly, “by excellent Sādhakas (tantric practitioners) wishing the Siddhi (eg., ceṭaka), the mantrasādhana should be performed in advance, for the sake of the Siddhi. One would not attain any Siddhi without the means of mantra-vidhāna (the classification of mantra)”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

He was the companion of Ananda soon after the Buddhas death and accompanied him to Subhas house (D.i.204).

The Commentary (DA.ii.386; also DA.i.7 and KhpA.94) says he was so called because he came from the Cetiya country.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra

Ceṭaka (चेटक) refers to the maternal uncle of Hall and Vihalla, both sons of King Śreṇika.—Kūṇika did not accept his brothers’ demand. With this, fearing an attack, Halla and Vihalla rode on the elephant, wearing the necklace, went to their maternal uncle Ceṭaka in Vaiśālī. Hearing this, Kūṇika became very angry. He sent a messenger to king Ceṭaka to return the elephant and necklace along with Halla and Vihalla to him. King Ceṭaka replied that both brothers are seeking refuge with him so he would not send them in a helpless state to Kūṇika.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ceṭaka.—(Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXI, p. 78), an attendant; some- times mentioned in the list of officials. Note: ceṭaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ceṭaka : (m.) a servant boy.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Cetaka, a decoy-bird (Com. dīpaka-tittira, exciting partridge) J. III, 357. (Page 271)

— or —

Ceṭaka, a servant, a slave, a (bad) fellow Vin. IV, 66; ) II. 176=DhA. IV, 92 (duṭṭha° miserable fellow); III, 281; IV, 82 (bhātika-ceṭakā rascals of brothers); V, 385; Miln. 222. (Page 271)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cetaka (चेतक).—a.

1) Causing to think.

2) What thinks or feels, sentient.

-kī Name of a plant. (harītakī).

--- OR ---

Ceṭaka (चेटक).—

1) A servant, slave; any one who does a set task.

2) A paramour.

Derivable forms: ceṭakaḥ (चेटकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ceṭaka (चेटक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A slave. A gallant: see the last. 3. A servant, a minister, one who fulfils an appointed duty. E. ciṭ to serve, ṇvul affix, or ceṭa with kan added.

--- OR ---

Cetaka (चेतक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) 1. Suggesting, causing to think. 2. What thinks or feels, sentient. f. (-kī) The yellow myrobalan, (Terminalia chebula.) E. cit to consider, affix, ṇic ṇvul .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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