Candabha, Candābha, Camdabha: 2 definitions



Candabha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Candabha Thera - An arahant. He belonged to a wealthy brahmin family of Rajagaha and was called Candabha because from the circle of his navel proceeded a light resembling that of the moons disk. When he grew up, the brahmins seated him in a carriage and took him about, proclaiming that whoever stroked his body would receive power and glory. By this means they earned much money. One day, in Savatthi, a dispute arose between the brahmins and the Buddhas followers as to Candabhas supernatural powers, and finally they took him to the Buddha for him to settle the quarrel. As Candabha approached the Buddha, the light from his body disappeared and Candabha, thinking that this was owing to some charm, asked to be taught the same. The Buddha stipulated that he should join the Order. Having done so, Candabha was asked to meditate on the thirty two constituent parts of the Body. Soon afterwards he became an arahant.

In a previous birth he was a forester and formed a friendship with a merchant to whom he supplied red sandalwood. One day, when he visited the merchant in the town, he was taken by him to the place where a shrine was being erected over the remains of Kassapa Buddha. The forester, making a moon disk from sandalwood, placed it within the shrine. After death, for a whole Buddha interval, he was in Tavatimsa and was known as the deva Candabha. DhA.iv.187ff; the SNA. version (ii.523ff) differs from this in several details.

2. Candabha. Sixteen thousand kappas ago there were four kings of this name, all previous births of Ekadipiya (Ap.i.189).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Caṃdābha (चंदाभ) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Candrābha.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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