Bhoja, aka: Bhojā; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Bhoja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Katha (narrative stories)

Bhoja (भोज).—He was a celebrated king of the Paramāra dynasty, He ascended the throne of Dhārā in 1018 A.D. and had a glorious reign till 1063 A.D. Like his uncle Muñja, Bhoja cultivated the art of war and peace.

Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1a) Bhoja (भोज).—A Yadu prince. He once dreamt that he ate the remnants of the food of his enemy, and that his enemies deprived him of his wives, and kingdom. This caused deep misery in his mind. He left his home and bestowed all his thoughts on Paramātman from that day: entered brahmanirvāṇa. Fought with Akrūra at Prabhāsā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 36. 33; VI. 15. 26 [1-4]; XI. 30. 16. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 61. 23.

1b) A king noted for his large elephant forces.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 71. 126-7.

1c) A son of Bali.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 5. 43.

1d) A son of Jāmbavatī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 303.

1e) A son of Pratikṣetra and father of Hṛdīka.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 44. 80.

1f) A Vindhya clan;1 in Dvāravatī: one of the five clans (gaṇas) of the Haihayas beginning with Druhyu, son of Yayāti;2 had two hundred branches;3 all of them Kṣatriyas;4 Kaśyapa gotrakāras.5

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 64; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 132; 86. 28.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 69. 52; 74. 265; Matsya-purāṇa 34. 30; 43. 48; 44. 69; 163. 72; Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 52.
  • 3) Ib. 99. 452.
  • 4) Ib. 32. 48.
  • 5) Matsya-purāṇa 199. 2.

1g) A Yādava tribe to which Kaṃsa belonged: were related to the Pāṇḍavas;1 defended Dvārakā against the enemies and praised the heroic deeds of Kṛṣṇa;2 Kaṃsa planned in vain to vanquish them. Fought with their kith and kin and ended their lives;3 line of the, traced from Mahābhoja; kings of Mṛttikāvara Pura; hence Mārttikāvaras: killed Sātvata Śatrughna and left Dvārakā with Akrūra.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 1. 35, 37 and 69; IX. 24. 11 and 63; I. 14. 25; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 52; 273. 70.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 11. 11; IX. 24. 63.
  • 3) Ib. X. 36. 33; 39. 25; XI. 30. 18.
  • 4) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 7, 11.

1h) Usually a title of a monarch;1 Śamīka, abandoned this title being a Rājaṛṣi.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 194, 223; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 190.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 46. 28.

2a) Bhojā (भोजा).—The queen of Viravrata: mother of Manthu and Pramanthu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 15. 15.

2b) The wife of Śūra; mother of ten sons and five daughters.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 46. 1.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Bhoja (भोज) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.177.6) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bhoja) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Bhoja (भोज).—The well-known king of Dhārā who was very famous for his charities and love of learning. He flourished in the eleventh century A.D. He is said to have got written or himself written several treatises on various śāstras. The work Sarasvatīkaṇṭhābharaṇa which is based on the Astādhyāyi of Pāṇini, but which has included in it the Vārttikas and Paribhāṣās also, has become in a way a Vyākaraṇa or a general work in grammar and can be styled as Bhoja-Vyākaraṇa.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Bhoja (भोज): A branch of the Yadava clan belonging to Krishna’s tribe.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Bhoja. A brahmin, one of the eight who read the auspicious marks on the Buddhas body on the fifth day after his birth. J.i.56; in the Milinda (p.236) he is called Subhoja.

2. Bhoja. A physician of old. J.iv. 496, 498.

3. Bhoja. A country. See Bhojaputta.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Bhoja.—(IE 8-2; EI 1; 27; HD; LL), a Jāgīrdār; title of a feudatory; cf. the feminine form Bhojikī; also Mahā- bhoja. See Ep. Ind., Vol. I, p. 5. (EI 3; CII 3), a priest; title of a class of priests. Cf. Tamil pośar (SITI), one who enjoys a thing; the possessor. Note: bhoja is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Bhojaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bhoja (भोज) is the name of a locality situated in Dakkhiṇāpatha (Deccan) or “southern district” of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Bhoja coincides with Berar or ancient Vidarbha, and Chammaka, four miles south east of Elichpur in the Amaraoti District. In the Barhut inscriptions there is a reference to Bhojakaṭa. The Sabhāparva of the Great Epic mentions Bhojakaṭa and Bhojakaṭapura as two places in the south conquered by Sahadeva. If Bhojakaṭa be the same as Bhoja or Bhojya of the Purāṇas, then it must be a country of the Vindhya region.

References to the Bhoja country in Pāli Buddhist literature are not uncommon. In the Saṃyutta Nikāya we find mention of a Ṛṣi named Rohitassa Bhojaputta, as also of sixteen Bhojaputtas in a Jātaka story.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Bhoja in Pali glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Bhoja, (lit. grd. of bhuñjati2, to be sorted out, to be raised from slavery; thus also meaning “dependence, " “training, " from bhuj, to which belongs bhujissa) one who is getting trained, dependent, a freed slave, villager, subject. Only in cpds. like bhojisiyaṃ (bhoja+isi+ ya=issariya) mastery over dependence, i.e. independence S. I, 44, 45; bhojājānīya a well-trained horse, a thoroughbred J. I, 178, 179; bhojaputta son of a villager J. V, 165; bhojarājā head of a village (-district) a subordinate king Sn. 553=Th. 1, 823.—In the latter phrase however it may mean “wealthy" kings, or “titled" kings (khattiyā bh-r. , who are next in power to and serve on a rājā cakkavatti). The phrase is best taken as one, viz. “the nobles, royal kings. " It may be a term for “vice-kings" or substitute-kings, or those who are successors of the king. The expln at SnA 453 takes the three words as three diff. terms and places bhojā= bhogiyā as a designation of a class or rank (=bhogga). Neumann in his trsln of Sn. has “Königstämme, kühn and stolz, " free but according to the sense. The phrase may in bhoja contain a local designation of the Bhoja princes (N. of a tribe), which was then taken as a special name for “king" (cp. Kaiser›Cæsar, or Gr. basileuζ). With the wording “khattiyā bhoja-rājāno anuyuttā bhavanti te" cp. M. III, 173: “paṭirājāno te rañño cakkavattissa anuyuttā bhavanti, " and A. V, 22: “kuḍḍarājāno" in same phrase.—Mrs. Rh. D. at Brethren, p. 311, trsls “nobles and wealthy lords. " (Page 510)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

bhōja (भोज).—& bhōjapatra Properly bhūrja & bhūrjapatra.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhoja (भोज).—a.

1) Bestowing enjoyment; राजा भोजो विराट् सम्राट् क्षत्रियो भूपतिर्नृपः (rājā bhojo virāṭ samrāṭ kṣatriyo bhūpatirnṛpaḥ) Mb.12.68.54.

2) Leading a life of enjoyment, enjoying; देवासुरमनुष्येषु ये भजन्त्यशिवं शिवम् । प्रायस्ते धनिनो भोजाः (devāsuramanuṣyeṣu ye bhajantyaśivaṃ śivam | prāyaste dhanino bhojāḥ) Bhāg.1.88.1.

3) Liberal, bountiful.

--- OR ---

Bhoja (भोज).—[bhuj-ac]

1) Name of a celebrated king of Mālvā (or Dhārā); (supposed to have flourished about the end of the tenth or the beginning of the eleventh century, and to have been a great patron of Sanskṛt learning; he is also supposed to have been the author of several learned works, such as sarasvatīkaṇṭhābharaṇa &c.).

2) Name of a country.

3) Name of a king of the Vidarbhas; भोजेन दूतो रघवे विसृष्टः (bhojena dūto raghave visṛṣṭaḥ) R.5.39;7.18,29,35.

-jāḥ (m. pl.) Name of a people.

Derivable forms: bhojaḥ (भोजः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhoja (भोज).—m.

(-jaḥ) 1. A country, Patna and Bhagalpur. 2. The name of a sovereign of Oujein, or Malava who is supposed to have flour- ished about the end of the tenth century; he was a celebrated patron of learned men, and the nine gems or poets and philosophers, are often ascribed to his æra. 3. A cowherd. E. bhuj to enjoy, aff. ac and the final consonant unchanged.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Kuntibhoja
Kuntibhoja (कुन्तिभोज).—General. A King of the Yadu dynasty; son of the sister of Śūrasena, who...
Bhojakata
Bhojakaṭa (भोजकट).—m. (-ṭaḥ) The country of Bhoja, the present Bhojpur, or the vicinity of Patn...
Bhojadeva
Bhojadeva (भोजदेव).—king Bhoja; धन्यः श्रीभोजराजस्त्रिभुवनविजयी (dhanyaḥ śrībhojarājastribhuvan...
Bhojapura
Bhojapura (भोजपुर) or Bhojakaṭapura was an ancient capital city of Vidarbha (modern Berar).—The...
Bhojaraja
Bhojarāja (भोजराज).—king Bhoja; धन्यः श्रीभोजराजस्त्रिभुवनविजयी (dhanyaḥ śrībhojarājastribhuvan...
Bhojapati
Bhojapati (भोजपति).—1) king Bhoja. 2) an epithet of Kamsa.Derivable forms: bhojapatiḥ (भोजपतिः)...
Bhojadhipa
Bhojādhipa (भोजाधिप).—an epithet of 1) Kamsa. 2) Karṇa. Derivable forms: bhojādhipaḥ (भोजाधिपः)...
Bhojakula
Bhojakula (भोजकुल).—the dynasty of the Bhojas who ruled over the country of Vidarbha or Berar; ...
Balibhoja
Balibhoja (बलिभोज).—a crow; द्वितीयो बलिभोजानां (dvitīyo balibhojānāṃ) (panthāḥ) Rām.4.58.25. D...
Bhojendra
Bhojendra (भोजेन्द्र).—a king of the Bhojas. Derivable forms: bhojendraḥ (भोजेन्द्रः).Bhojendra...
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Bhūribhoja (भूरिभोज).—a. having many enjoyments. Bhūribhoja is a Sanskrit compound consisting o...
Bhojanga
Bhojāṅga (भोजाङ्ग) refers to one of ten types of “wishing trees” (kalpavṛkṣa) that are used by ...
Bhojavarman
Bhojavarman (r. c. 1285-1288 CE) was a king of the Chandela dynasty of central India. He ruled ...
Raja
Raja (रज) refers to the “pollen” of flowers, as mentioned in a list of five synonyms, according...
Sura
Śura (शुर).—m. (-raḥ) A lion. E. śur to injure, aff. ka .--- OR --- Śūra (शूर).—m. (-raḥ) 1. A ...

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