Bhogavati, Bhogavatī, Bhoga-vati: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Bhogavati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Google Books: The Alchemical Body

Bhogavatī (भोगवती ):—Anoter name for Kuṇḍalinī, the divine energy sleeping within every human being as a coiled serpent. Kuṇḍalinī is twofold, and it is in this perspective that yogic sources speak of this internal female serpent by another name: she is bhogavatī, a term that at once bespeaks her enjoyment (bhoga, from bhuj, “partake, enjoy”), her coiled form (bhoga from bhuj, “coil, curl”), and her female sex (-vati is a feminine ending). As bhogavatī, she is the serpentine female principle within the subtle body.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (B) next»] — Bhogavati in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Bhogavatī (भोगवती).—Nāgaloka or Pātāla. When Sugrīva sent monkeys in all directions in search of Sītā, he gave instructions to them to go and search for her in Bhogavatīpura. Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, 41st Sarga, Kiṣkindhākāṇḍa describes the place as the city infested with serpents (nāgas) and guarded by them. Vāsuki, King of serpents, lives there.

2) Bhogavatī (भोगवती).—Gaṅgā of Pātāla. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Dākṣiṇātya Pāṭha, Chapter 38).

3) Bhogavatī (भोगवती).—A place of holy bath at Prayāga. It is better known as Vāsuki tīrtha. Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 85 says that a bath at this tīrtha is as efficacious as an Aśvamedha yajña.

4) Bhogavatī (भोगवती).—Another name for the river Sarasvatī. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 24, Verse 20).

5) Bhogavatī (भोगवती).—A female attendant of Subrahmaṇya. (Mahābhārata Śalya Parva, Chapter 46, Verse 8).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Bhogavatī (भोगवती).—The capital of the Nāgas, compared to the city of Puramjana;1 north of Vāsukihrada, a sacred spot of Prayāgā.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 11. 11; IV. 25. 15.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 163. 80.

1b) The name of Gangā in Pātāla.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 70. 44.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Bhogavatī (भोगवती) refers to the name of a City mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.101.1/V.103). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Bhogavatī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Bhogavatī also refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.45.8).

Bhogavatī also refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.83.72).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous (B) next»] — Bhogavati in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Bhogavatī (भोगवती) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) defined by Bharata, to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Kalikā in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Bhogavatī also corresponds to Sopāna. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Bhogavatī (भोगवती) is the name of a meter belonging to the Uṣṇik class of Dhruvā (songs) described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“the metre which has in its feet of seven syllables the first, the fourth and the last one long, is bhogavatī”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (B) next»] — Bhogavati in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Bhogavatī (भोगवती) or Bhogadattā is the wife of Devabhūti: a Brāhman from Pañcalā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 72. Accordingly, as king Vinītamati said to Somaśūra: “... there lived in Pañcāla, of old time, a Brāhman named Devabhūti, and that Brāhman, who was learned in the Vedas, had a chaste wife named Bhogadattā. One day when he had gone to bathe, his wife went into the kitchen-garden to get vegetables, and saw a donkey belonging to a washerman eating them”.

2) Bhogavatī (भोगवती) is the name of an ancient city situated in Avanti, whose name is associated with the Tretāyuga, as mentioned in the ninth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 83. Accordingly, “... there is in Avanti a city built by gods at the beginning of the world, which is limitless as the body of Śiva, and renowned for enjoyment and prosperity, even as his body is adorned with the snake’s hood and ashes. It was called Padmāvatī in the Kṛta Yuga, Bhogavatī in the Tretā Yuga, Hiraṇyavatī in the Dvāpara Yuga, and Ujjayinī in the Kali Yuga. And in it there lived an excellent king, named Vīradeva, and he had a queen named Padmarati”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Bhogavatī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A palace in the Naga world, the residence of the Naga king Varuna, father of Irandati. J.vi. 269, 270.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Bhogavatī (भोगवती) is the name of Vidyārājñī (i.e., “wisdom queen”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Bhogavatī).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (B) next»] — Bhogavati in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Bhogavatī (भोगवती) refers to one of the eight Dikkumārīs living in the lower world, according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly,

“[...] then eight Dikkumārīs [viz., Bhogavatī] living in the lower world, their thrones being shaken at once, came to the birth-house. After they had circumabulated three times the first Tīrthakara and his mother, and had paid homage to them, they said, ‘Reverence to you, Mother of the World, Giver of the Light of the World. We eight Dikkumārīs [viz., Bhogavatī], living in the lower world, have come here by his power to make a festival to him, knowing by clairvoyant knowledge the purifying birth of the Tīrthakṛt. Therefore, do not be afraid’. [...].”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (B) next»] — Bhogavati in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhōgavatī (भोगवती).—f (S) The Ganges of pātāḷa, the third of the three sacred rivers named gaṅgā. See pātāḷagaṅgā.

--- OR ---

bhōgāvatī (भोगावती).—f (Properly bhōgavatī) The Ganges of pātāḷa. See pātāḷagaṅgā.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (B) next»] — Bhogavati in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Bhogavatī (भोगवती) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—on Prākṛt metres, by Tulasīdāsa. Oudh. Xi, 10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhogavatī (भोगवती):—[=bhoga-vatī] [from bhoga-vat > bhoga] a f. a s°-nymph, [Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the Mātṛs attending on Skanda, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] the city of the s°-demons in the subterranean regions, [ib.; Rāmāyaṇa; Harivaṃśa; Religious Thought and Life in India 322] (also gā-vatī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

4) [v.s. ...] the sacred river of the s°-demons (or a Tīrtha in that river sacred to the s°-king Vāsuki), [Mahābhārata]

5) [=bhoga-vatī] [from bhoga-vat > bhoga] b f. the night of the 2nd lunar day, [Sūryaprajñapti]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of Ujjayinī in the Dvāpara age, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

7) [v.s. ...] of a town, [Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā]

8) [v.s. ...] of a Dik-kanyā, [Pārśvanātha-caritra]

9) [v.s. ...] of [work]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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