Barhishad, Barhiṣad: 8 definitions


Barhishad means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Barhiṣad can be transliterated into English as Barhisad or Barhishad, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Barhishad in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Barhiṣad (बर्हिषद्).—A class of Manes. It is mentioned in Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 20 that some classes of manes such as Agniṣvāttas, Barhiṣads, Anagnis, and Sāgnis are said to have derived from Brahmā. Brahmā created two different sets of Pitṛs, Agniṣvāttas and Barhiṣads. (Chapter 10, Aṃśam 1, Viṣṇu Purāṇa).

These Barhiṣads who are members of the Yamasabhā (council of the God of Death) perform the māntric rites for the dead. The name brings into its fold the world of the seven sacred sages also. (Chapter 208, Śānti Parva, Mahābhārata). It was through these Barhiṣads that Brahmā taught Sātvatadharma to a brahmin who became wellknown later as Jyeṣṭha. (Chapter 34, Śloka 45, Śānti Parva, Mahābhārata).

Manusmṛti states that the Barhiṣads are the sons of the Maharṣi Atri and the Pitṛs of all the Daityas, Dānavas, Yakṣas, Gandharvas, Uragas, Rākṣasas, Suvarṇas and Kinnaras.

"daityadānavayakṣāṇāṃ gandharvoragarākṣasām suvarṇakinnarāṇāṃca smṛtā barhiṣado'trijāḥ" (Manusmṛti, Śloka 196, Chapter 3).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Barhiṣad (बर्हिषद्) refers to a classification of “manes” (Piṭr/Pitṛgaṇa), that came into existence from the drops of sweat from Brahmā’s body, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.3. Accordingly, as Brahmā perspired on account of fear from Śiva:—“[...] from the drops of sweat that fell from my body rose the manes (Pitṛgaṇas) who did not perform the sacrifices while they were living on earth [viz., Agniṣvāttas], who shone like split collyrium, had eyes resembling the full-bown lotus, were meritorious ascetics and were averse to worldly activities. These were sixty-four thousand in number, O sage, and the manes called Barhiṣads, lit. seated on grass, were eighty-six thousand”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Barhiṣad (बर्हिषद्).—(also prācīnabarhiṣa)—a son of Havirdhāna; married Śatadrutī, a well accomplished daughter of Samudra under directions from Brahmā; Agni conceived a passion for her as he conceived for Śukī; by Śatadrutī, Barhiṣad had ten sons who were collectively known as Prācetasas; being versed in the Vedic lore he continued to perform Vedic sacrifices always;1 Nārada called on him and in imparting ātmatatva by saying there was no use of killing animals in sacrifices, narrated to him the legend of Purañjana; the interpretation of the legend of Purañjana by Nārada himself and the relation between jīva and paramātma which it conveyed; Nārada's return to Siddhaloka; the sage-king appointed his sons to be in charge of the administration and withdrew for tapas to Kapila's hermitage where he attained mokṣa.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 24. 8-13.
  • 2) Ib. IV. 25. 3-62; chh. 26-29.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of barhishad or barhisad in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Barhishad in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Barhiṣad (बर्हिषद्).—i. e. barhis-sad, m. The name of a class of Pitṛs, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 196.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Barhiṣad (बर्हिषद्).—[adjective] sitting on the sacrificial grass; [masculine] a class of Manes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Barhiṣad (बर्हिषद्):—[=barhi-ṣad] [from barhi > barha] mfn. seated or placed on the sacrificial grass, [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] m. ([plural]) the Pitṛs or deceased ancestors (also a [particular] class of Pitṛs), [Manu-smṛti ([especially] iii, 196; 199); Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Havirdhāna and Havir-dhāna, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

[Sanskrit to German]

Barhishad in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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