Pitrigana, aka: Pitṛgaṇa, Pitri-gana, Pitṛgaṇā; 6 Definition(s)
Pitrigana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Pitṛgaṇa and Pitṛgaṇā can be transliterated into English as Pitrgana or Pitrigana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Pitṛgaṇa (पितृगण) refers to the “manes”, that came into existence from the drops of sweat from Brahmā’s body, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.3. Accordingly, as Brahmā perspired on account of fear from Śiva:—“[...] from the drops of sweat that fell from my body rose the manes (Pitṛgaṇas) who did not perform the sacrifices while they were living on earth [viz., Agniṣvāttas], who shone like split collyrium, had eyes resembling the full-bown lotus, were meritorious ascetics and were averse to worldly activities. These were sixty-four thousand in number, O sage, and the manes called Barhiṣads, lit. seated on grass, were eighty-six thousand”.Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation
Pitṛgaṇa (पितृगण).—(Pitṛs, Pūrvadevatas)—seven, in heaven, three without form and four with form; the formless are Vairājas; their mind-born daughter is the wife of Himavān whose sons are Krauñca and Maināka;1 two classes of Devas and Laukikas; to them one full day is equal to our one month, our dark half being their day and bright half their night; our 100 years their 3 years;2 the places prescribed for srāddha offerings are said to be fire, the hand of a Brahmana, water, cattle-shed, and ears of goat or horse; always southern direction preferred;3 to be worshipped in house building.4
- 1) Matsya-purāṇa 13. 1-7; 15. 42; Vāyu-purāṇa 72. 1-5.
- 2) Matsya-purāṇa 132. 3; 141. 57, 60; 142. 6-8.
- 3) Ib. 15. 32-33.
- 4) Ib. 253. 25.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
pitṛgaṇa (पितृगण).—n (S) The body collectively of ancestors to whose manes Shraddha must be performed. 2 A common term for the several classes of progenitors.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
pitṛgaṇa (पितृगण).—n The body collectively of ances- tors to whose manes Shra'ddh must be performed.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) the whole body of ancestors taken collectively.
2) a class of Manes or deceased progenitors who were sons of the Prajāpati; मनोर्हैरण्यगर्भस्य ये मरीच्यादयः सुताः । तेषा- मृषीणां सर्वेषां पुत्राः पितृगणाः स्मृताः ॥ विराट्सुताः सोमसदः साध्यानां पितरः स्मृताः । अग्निष्वात्ताश्च देवानां मारीचा लोकविश्रुताः (manorhairaṇyagarbhasya ye marīcyādayaḥ sutāḥ | teṣā- mṛṣīṇāṃ sarveṣāṃ putrāḥ pitṛgaṇāḥ smṛtāḥ || virāṭsutāḥ somasadaḥ sādhyānāṃ pitaraḥ smṛtāḥ | agniṣvāttāśca devānāṃ mārīcā lokaviśrutāḥ) || Ms.3. 194-195.
Derivable forms: pitṛgaṇaḥ (पितृगणः).
Pitṛgaṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pitṛ and gaṇa (गण).
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Pitṛgaṇā (पितृगणा).—Name of of Durgā.
Pitṛgaṇā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pitṛ and gaṇā (गणा).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-ṇaḥ) A class of progenitors, the sons of the Rishis or Prajapatis: the principal classes are the Somasads descended from Virat, the Agnishwattas from Marichi, Barhishads from Atri, Somapas from Bhrigu, Havishmats from Angiras, Ajyapas from Pulastya, Sukalins from Vashistha; there are also the Agnidaghas and Anagnidagdhas, Kavyas and Saumyas. E. pitṛ father, (of mankind,) gaṇa a troop.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Ends with: Mantra-deva-manuja-bhuta-pitrigana.
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