Bahya, aka: Bāhya, Bāhyā; 7 Definition(s)


Bahya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


1a) Bāhya (बाह्य).—A son of Bhajamāna.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 3.

1b) Snow-making rays of the sun.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 21.

2) Bāhyā (बाह्या).—A R. from the Sahya Mountains.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 35.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Bāhya (बाह्य, “public”) refers to one of the two types of āsanas “seats” (sitting postures) used in dramatic play (nāṭya); it is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 12.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Bāhya (बाह्य) refers to “irregular” histrionic representation;—When acting (lit. drama) observes free movements and is not combined with songs and instrumental music, is called “irregular” (bāhya). It is called “regular” when it conforms to the rule (lit. within the lakṣaṇa or rule) and ‘irregular’ when it is outside the prescription of the śāstra.

2) Bāhya (बाह्य, “outside”).—One of the three classes of women (strī);—A courtezan woman is a “public” (bhaya) woman.

(Source): Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Bāhya (बाह्य).—(or प्रयत्न (prayatna)) external effort; the 34 term is used many times in connection with the external effort in the production of articulate sound, as different from the internal effort आभ्यन्तरप्रयत्न (ābhyantaraprayatna). The external effort is described to be consisting of 11 kinds; cf. बाह्यप्रयत्नस्त्वेकादशधा । विवारः संवारः श्वासो नादो घोषो (bāhyaprayatnastvekādaśadhā | vivāraḥ saṃvāraḥ śvāso nādo ghoṣo)Sघोषो (ghoṣo)Sल्पप्राणो महाप्राण उदात्तोनुदात्तः स्वरितश्चेति (lpaprāṇo mahāprāṇa udāttonudāttaḥ svaritaśceti) S.K.on P. I.1.9.

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

bāhya (बाह्य).—a (S) External, exterior, outward. It forms neat and useful compounds bearing the power of extra, ex, dis; as ācārabāhya, indriya-grantha-jāti-dharma- rīti-lōka-vicāra-śāstra-sampradāya-vidhi-vyavahāra-pramāṇa- buddhi-jñāna-bāhya.

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bāhyā (बाह्या).—m One of the two members composing the musical instrument tabalā, viz. that on which the bass is sounded.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bāhya (बाह्य).—a Outward, external, exterior.

--- OR ---

bāhyā (बाह्या).—See bāyā.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bāhya (बाह्य).—a. [bahirbhavaḥ ṣyañ ṭilopaḥ]

1) Outer, outward, external, exterior, being or situated without; विरहः किमिवानुतापयेद् वद बाह्यैर्विषयैर्विपश्चितम् (virahaḥ kimivānutāpayed vada bāhyairviṣayairvipaścitam) R.8.89; बाह्योद्यान (bāhyodyāna) Me. 7; Ku.6.46; बाह्यनामन् (bāhyanāman) 'the outer name', i. e. the address or superscription written on the back of a letter; अदत्तबाह्यनामानं लेखं लेखयित्वा (adattabāhyanāmānaṃ lekhaṃ lekhayitvā) Mu.1.

2) Foreign, strange; Pt.1.

3) Excluded from, out of the pale of; जातास्तदूर्वोरुपमानबाह्याः (jātāstadūrvorupamānabāhyāḥ) Ku.1.36.

4) Expelled from society, outcast; अतोऽपि शिष्टस्त्वधमो गुरुदारप्रधर्षकः । बाह्यं वर्णं जनयति चातुर्वर्ण्यविगर्हितम् (ato'pi śiṣṭastvadhamo gurudārapradharṣakaḥ | bāhyaṃ varṇaṃ janayati cāturvarṇyavigarhitam) || Mb.13.48.9.

5) Public; तेषां बाह्यं चारं छत्रभृङ्गारव्यजनपादुकोपग्राहिणः तीक्ष्णाः विद्युः (teṣāṃ bāhyaṃ cāraṃ chatrabhṛṅgāravyajanapādukopagrāhiṇaḥ tīkṣṇāḥ vidyuḥ) Kau. A.1.12.

-hyaḥ 1 A stranger, foreigner; त्यक्ताश्चाभ्यन्तरा येन बाह्याश्चाभ्यन्तरीकृताः (tyaktāścābhyantarā yena bāhyāścābhyantarīkṛtāḥ) Pt.1.259; बाह्यः क्षणेन भवतीति विचित्र- मेतत् (bāhyaḥ kṣaṇena bhavatīti vicitra- metat) 5.26.

2) One who is excommunicated, an outcast.

3) A person or community born from प्रतिलोम (pratiloma) connection; cf. Ms.1.28-31; प्रतिकूलं वर्तमाना बाह्या बाह्यतरान् पुनः । हीना हीनान् प्रसूयन्ते वर्णान् पञ्चदशैव च (pratikūlaṃ vartamānā bāhyā bāhyatarān punaḥ | hīnā hīnān prasūyante varṇān pañcadaśaiva ca) || Ms.1.31.

-hyam, -bāhyena, -bāhye ind. outside, on the outside, externally

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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