Bahira, Bāhira: 6 definitions

Introduction

Bahira means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

See Ajjattika Rupas

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bāhira : (adj.) external; outer; foreign. (nt.), outside.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bāhira, (adj.) (fr. bahi, as Sk. bāhya fr. bahis, cp. also bāhiya) 1. external, outside (opp. abbhantara inside), outer, foreign D. II, 75; A. IV, 16; Dh. 394 (fig. in meaning of 2); J. I, 125 (antara° inside & outside); 337 (out of office, out of favour, of ministers); VI, 384 (bāhiraṃ karoti to turn out, turn inside out); Pv IV. 11 (nagarassa b.); Miln. 281 (°abbhantara dhana); VvA. 68 (°kittibhāva fact of becoming known outside).—santara° (adj.) (=sa-antara) including the inward & outward parts D. I, 74; A. III, 25; Th. 1, 172; J. I, 125.—2. external to the individual, objective (opp. ajjhattika subjective) M. III, 274 (cha āyatanā); J. IV, 402 (°vatthuṃ ayācitvā ajjhattikassa nāmaṃ gaṇhāti); Dhs. 674 (cp. trsl. p. 207); Vbh. 13; Miln. 215; Vism. 450.—3. heretical, outsider in religious sense, non-Buddhist, frequent applied to the Brahmanic religion & their practice (samaya) Kvu 251 (+puthujjana-pakkhe ṭhita); DhA. III, 378 (=mana, i.e. Bhagavato sāsanato bahiddhā).—Cases as adv. bāhirato from outside, from a foreign country J. I, 121; bāhire outside (the Buddhist order) Dh. 254.—assāda finding his enjoyment in outward things A. I, 280 (Kern, Toev. s. v. suggests “inclined towards heretic views”).—āsa one whose wishes are directed outwards, whose desires are turned to things external Th. 1, 634.—kathā non-religious discourse, profane story Miln. 24 (applied to the introductory chapter, thus “outside story” may be translated).—tittha doctrine of outsiders J. III, 473.—dāna gift of externals, gift of property as opposed to gift of the person J. IV, 401; VI, 486; Dāvs III, 33.—pabbajjā the ascetic life outside the community of the Buddha; Brahmanic saintly life (thus equal to isi-pabbajjā. cp. bāhiraka°). J. III, 352; IV, 305.—bhaṇḍa property, material things, objects J. IV, 401.—mantā ritualistic texts (or charms) of religions other than the Buddha’s J. III, 27.—rakkhā protection of external means S. I, 73.—lomi with the fleece outside (of a rug) Vin. II, 108.—samaya doctrine of the outsiders, i.e. Brahmins DhA. III, 392. (Page 486)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bahirā (बहिरा).—a (badhira S) Deaf--the ear; and attrib. the person. 2 Dead, callous, numb, void of feeling.

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bahīra (बहीर).—a (badhira S) Dead, numb, callous.

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bāhīra (बाहीर).—ad & prep Commonly bāhēra.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bahirā (बहिरा).—a Deaf. Numb, void of feeling.

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bahīra (बहीर).—a Dead, numb, callous.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bāhira (बाहिर).—adj. (= Pali id.), outside, external, contrast-ing with abhyantara, ābhy°: bāhira-vāiśālakā(ḥ) Mv i.263.1, 11, the people living outside Vaiśālī (in prec. lines abhyantara-vaiś°); janasya ābhyantarasya bāhirasya Mv ii.160.6; abhyantara-bāhira, cpd., Mv iii.178.5; other cases of the adj., Mv i.264.6 (ye bāhirā); ii.147.17; 189.3; iii.298.1; in special sense with āyatana, q.v. (here con- trasted with ādhyātmika); adv. °re, outside, Mv iii.22.21 (contrasting with abhyantare); abhyantare bāhiri (m.c. for °re) ye (both edd. bāhiriye as one word) vasanti SP 373.5 (verse); as quasi-prep. with abl., bāhire nagarāto… sthitakena Mv i.310.15, remaining outside the city; adv. °reṇa, id., abhyantareṇāpi ca bāhireṇa SP 359.10 (verse); āmreḍita cpd., as quasi-prep. with gen., imasya śakuntayū- thasya bāhira-bāhireṇa gacchati Mv ii.254.4, is moving constantly (? or just) outside this flock of birds.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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