Suparnika, Suparṇikā: 4 definitions


Suparnika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Suparnika in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Suparṇikā (सुपर्णिका) is another name for Avalguja (Psoralea corylifolia “Malaysian scurfpea”) according to the Bhāvaprakāśa, which is a 16th century medicinal thesaurus authored by Bhāvamiśra. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature.

2) Suparṇikā (सुपर्णिका) is another name for Hemajīvantī, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Dregea volubilis (sneeze wort). It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 6.183), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Suparnika in Biology glossary
Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Suparnika in India is the name of a plant defined with Desmodium gangeticum in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Aeschynomene gangetica Poir. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Nouveau Bulletin des Sciences, (1812)
· Flora de Filipinas ed. 2 (1845)
· Tropical Plant Science Research. New Delhi (1983)
· Prodromus Stirpium in Horto ad Chapel Allerton vigentium (1796)
· Journal of Cytology and Genetics (1990)
· Journal of the Arnold Arboretum (1963)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Suparnika, for example diet and recipes, extract dosage, health benefits, pregnancy safety, side effects, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Suparnika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Suparṇikā (सुपर्णिका).—in Divyāvadāna 190.12 suparṇikā kuṭi (mss.; ed. kuṭir; perhaps kuṭī?), either (hut) made of fair leaves, leafy, or perhaps (hut) made of the suparṇikā plant; several plants are reported as called by that name in Sanskrit Lexx.; see [Boehtlingk]. No adjective *suparṇaka is recorded.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Suparṇikā (सुपर्णिका):—[=su-parṇikā] [from su-parṇaka > su > su-pakva] f. Glycine Debilis, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Hoya Viridiflora, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] Vernonia Anthelminthica, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

4) [v.s. ...] = śāla-parṇī, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) [v.s. ...] a [particular] drug (= reṇukā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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