Shamidhanyavarga, Śamīdhānyavarga, Shami-dhanya-varga: 1 definition



Shamidhanyavarga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śamīdhānyavarga can be transliterated into English as Samidhanyavarga or Shamidhanyavarga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Shamidhanyavarga in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śamīdhānyavarga (शमीधान्यवर्ग) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified as “legumes”, and originally composed by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna XXVII. The name is derived from the words śamīdhānya (śamī translates to ‘legume’ while dhānya translates to ‘consisting of grain’) and varga, translating to “group” or “family”. It is a technical term used throughout Āyurveda.

The following plants are described as pertaining to this category:

  1. Mudga,
  2. Māṣa,
  3. Rājamāṣa,
  4. Kulattha,
  5. Makuṣṭhaka,
  6. Caṇaka,
  7. Masūra,
  8. Khaṇḍika,
  9. Hareṇu,
  10. Tila,
  11. Śimbī,
  12. Āḍhakī,
  13. Avalguja,
  14. Cakramarda,
  15. Niṣpāva,
  16. Kākāṇḍolā,
  17. Kapikacchu.

The collection of herbs named Śamīdhānyavarga was classified based on its dietic value.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of shamidhanyavarga or samidhanyavarga in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

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