Shakavarga, Śākavarga, Shaka-varga: 2 definitions

Introduction

Shakavarga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śākavarga can be transliterated into English as Sakavarga or Shakavarga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shakavarga in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śākavarga (शाकवर्ग) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified as “pot-herbs/vegetables”, of which the leaves, stems and fruits are used. It was and originally composed by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna XXVII. The name is derived from the words śāka (translating to ‘vegetable’, but alternatively refers to a potherb) and varga, translating to “group” or “family”. It is a technical term used throughout Āyurveda.

The following plants are described as pertaining to this category:

  1. Pāṭhā,
  2. Kāsamarda,
  3. Śaṭī,
  4. Vāstuka,
  5. Suniṣaṇṇaka,
  6. Kākamācī,
  7. Rājakṣavaka,
  8. Kālaśāka,
  9. Cāṅgerī,
  10. Upodikā,
  11. Taṇḍulīya,
  12. Maṇḍūkaparṇī,
  13. Vetrāgra,
  14. Kucelā,
  15. Vanatiktaka,
  16. Karkoṭaka,
  17. Bākucī,
  18. Paṭola,
  19. Śakulādanī,
  20. Vāsā / Vṛṣa,
  21. Śārṅgeṣṭā,
  22. Kembūka,
  23. Kaṭhillaka,
  24. Nāḍī,
  25. Kalāya,
  26. Gojihvā,
  27. Vārtāka,
  28. Tilaparṇikā,
  29. Kulaka,
  30. Karkaśa,
  31. Nimba,
  32. Parpaṭaka,
  33. Phañji,
  34. Cillī,
  35. Kutumbaka,
  36. Āluka,
  37. Kuṭiñjara,
  38. Śana,
  39. Śālmali,
  40. Karbudāra,
  41. Suvarcalā,
  42. Niṣpāva,
  43. Kovidāra,
  44. Pattūra,
  45. Cuccuparṇikā,
  46. Kumārajīva,
  47. Loṭṭāka,
  48. Pālaṅkyā, 
  49. Māriṣa,
  50. Kalamba,
  51. Nālikā,
  52. Āsurī,
  53. Kusumbha,
  54. Vṛkadhūmaka,
  55. Lakṣmaṇā,
  56. Cakramarda,
  57. Nalinīkā,
  58. Kuṭheraka,
  59. Loṇikā,
  60. Yavaśāka,
  61. Kūṣmāṇḍaka,
  62. Avalguja,
  63. Yātuka,
  64. Śālakalyāṇī,
  65. Triparṇī,
  66. Pīluparṇikā,
  67. Śaṇa,
  68. Vaṭa,
  69. Undumbara,
  70. Aśvattha,
  71. Plakṣa,
  72. Padma,
  73. Vatsādanī,
  74. Gaṇḍīra,
  75. Citraka,
  76. Śreyasī,
  77. Bilvaparṇī,
  78. Bilva,
  79. Bhaṇḍī,
  80. Śatāvarī,
  81. Balā,
  82. Jīvantī,
  83. Parvaṇī,
  84. Parvapuṣpī,
  85. Lāṅgalikā,
  86. Eraṇḍa,
  87. Tila,
  88. Vetasa,
  89. Trapusa,
  90. Ervāruka,
  91. Alābu,
  92. Cirbhaṭa,
  93. Kūṣmāṇḍa,
  94. Kelūṭa,
  95. Kadamba,
  96. Nadīmāṣaka,
  97. Ainduka,
  98. Utpala,
  99. Tālapralamba,
  100. Kharjūra,
  101. Tāla,
  102. Tarūṭa,
  103. Krauñcādana,
  104. Kaśeruka,
  105. Śṛṅgāṭaka,
  106. Aṅkaloḍya,
  107. Muñjātaka,
  108. Vidārīkanda,
  109. Amlikā,
  110. Sārṣapa,
  111. Piṇḍāluka,
  112. Chattra (various).

The collection of herbs named Śākavarga is one of the seven groups that were classified based on its dietic value.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Śākavarga (शाकवर्ग) or Śāka is another name for Mūlakādi: the seventh chapter of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Rāja-nighaṇṭu is a medical lexicon ascribed originally known as the Abhidhānacuṇāmaṇi. It mentions the names of 1483 medicinal drugs (auṣadhi) and substances (dravya) excluding synonyms, grouped into twenty-two chapters [viz., Śāka-varga].

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of shakavarga or sakavarga in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: