Audarya, Audārya: 16 definitions


Audarya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Audary.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Audārya (औदार्य).—A son of Aṅgirasa.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 105.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Audārya (औदार्य, “dignity”) refers to one of the ten “ involuntary graces” of women (svābhāvikā), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. These involuntary (spontaneous) graces, represent one of the three aspects of graces (alaṃkāra) which forms which forms the support of sentiments (rasa) in drama.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “courteous bearing in all situation, is called ‘dignity’ (audārya)”.

Aaudārya (औदार्य, “nobility”) also refers to one of the eight aspects of the male’s sattva, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “making gifts, bestowing favours and speaking sweet words to others as well as to one’s own men, is called ‘nobility’ (audārya)”.

These involuntary graces (such as audārya) and sattvas are defined according to the science of sāmānyābhinaya, or “harmonious representation”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Audārya (औदार्य) refers to “generosity”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 15) (“On the nakṣatras—‘asterisms’”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Those who are born on the lunar day of Punarvasu will be noted for truthfulness, generosity (audārya), cleanliness, respectable descent, personal beauty, sense, fame and wealth; they will also be merchants, dealing in excellent articles, will be fond of service and will delight in the company of painters and sculptors. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

audārya (औदार्य).—n S Munificence, liberality, generosity.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

audārya (औदार्य).—n Generosity, liberality, munificence.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Audarya (औदर्य).—a. [udare bhavaḥ yat]

1) Being in the womb; अल्पाहारतया त्वग्निं शमयौदर्यमुत्थितम् (alpāhāratayā tvagniṃ śamayaudaryamutthitam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.17.5.

2) Entered into the womb.

-ryaḥ A son; Bhāgavata 3.24.4.

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Audārya (औदार्य).—[udāra-ṣyañ]

1) Generosity, nobility, magnanimity अग्राम्यशब्दाभिधानमौदार्यम् (agrāmyaśabdābhidhānamaudāryam) Kau. A.2.1.

2) Greatness, excellence; sublimity, elevation; औदार्येणावगच्छामि निधानं तपसामिदम् (audāryeṇāvagacchāmi nidhānaṃ tapasāmidam) Rām.3.12.23.

3) Depth of meaning (arthasaṃpatti); स सौष्ठवौदार्यविशेषशालिनीं विनिश्चितार्थामिति वाचमा- ददे (sa sauṣṭhavaudāryaviśeṣaśālinīṃ viniścitārthāmiti vācamā- dade) Kirātārjunīya 1.3; see Malli. on Kirātārjunīya 11.4; and उदारता (udāratā) also under उदार (udāra).

Derivable forms: audāryam (औदार्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Audārya (औदार्य) or Audāryya.—n.

(-ryaṃ) Magnanimity, generosity, greatness. E. udāra liberal, and ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Audarya (औदर्य).—i. e. udara + ya, adj. Being in the womb, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 24, 4.

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Audārya (औदार्य).—i. e. udāra + ya, n. 1. Excellence, [Nala] 16, 17. 2. Dignity, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 18, 25. 3. Generosity, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 187, 24.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Audarya (औदर्य).—[adjective] being in the belly or womb.

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Audārya (औदार्य).—[neuter] sublimity; generosity, liberality (also [feminine])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Audarya (औदर्य):—[from audara] mfn. being in the stomach or belly

2) [v.s. ...] being in the womb, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) Audārya (औदार्य):—[from audārika] n. generosity, nobility, magnanimity, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Daśakumāra-carita] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] liberality, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) [v.s. ...] noble style, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Audārya (औदार्य):—(ryyaṃ) 1. m. Munificence.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Audārya (औदार्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Odajja, Odāriya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Audarya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Audarya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Audārya (औदार्य) [Also spelled audary]:—(nm) see [udāratā].

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Audārya (ಔದಾರ್ಯ):—[noun] the quality or state of being magnanimous; generosity; magnanimity; nobility.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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