Audarika, Audārika: 18 definitions


Audarika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Audārika (औदारिक) refers to “coarse (minds)”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[The eighteen āveṇika-dharmas (‘special attributes’)]—[...] (5). The Buddha has no non-concentrated mind.—[...] Moreover, among the five incomprehensible things (acintyadharma), the attributes of the Buddha are the most incomprehensible: these eighteen special attributes (āveṇikadharma) are the profound treasure (gambhīranidhāna) of the Buddha. Who can understand them? This is why it is certain that the Buddha has no non-concentrated mind. Although the Buddha enters into concentration, he does not have these coarse minds (audārika-citta) of investigation (vitarka) and analysis (vicāra) and, having incomprehensible knowledge (acintyajñāna), he can preach the Dharma. [...]”.

2) Audārika (औदारिक) refers to “thick-shaped (begging bowl made of stone)”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[Digression on a case brought against the Buddha; B. The defense].—[6. Use of a Stone Bowl].—‘The Buddha forbade the Bhikṣus to use eight kinds of bowls (pātra)’.—[...] As for the stone (śaila) bowl, it is thick (audārika) or thin (sūkṣma). Thin, it does not retain bad grease and that is why the Buddha used it himself, but he does not allow the Bhikṣus to keep them because of their weight. A swallow of milk by the Buddha surpasses in power that of a myriad of perfumed white elephants (gandhahastin); this is why [the stone bowl] does not seem heavy for him, but out of compassion (karuṇā) for the Bhikṣus, he does not allow them to keep them. [...]”.

Source: WikiPedia: Mahayana Buddhism

Audārika (औदारिक) refers to “coarse (laxity)”; Cf. Laya and Auddhatya, representing one of the “five faults” (ādīnava), connected with śamatha (“access concentration”), according to Kamalaśīla and the Śrāvakabhūmi section of the Yogācārabhūmi-śāstra.—Laxity (laya) may be coarse (audārika, rags-pa) or subtle (sūksma, phra-mo). Lethargy (styāna, rmugs-pa) is often also present, but is said to be less common.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Audārika (औदारिक).—One of the seven types kāyayoga (body activities);—What is meant by ‘physical’ (audārika)? It means gross or big. What is meant by audārika-kāyayoga? The vibrations of the space-points of the soul caused by the gross body are called audārika-kāyayoga or gross body activities.

What is the maximum duration of the gross body? The maximum period of existence for a gross body is three pit-measured-periods.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Audārika (औदारिक) refers to the “gross body” and represents one of the five types of human ‘bodies’ (śarīra) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.36. What is the meaning of gross body? The body that is gross e.g. of the human beings. The gross body is perceptible by our sense organs. How is gross body born? The gross body is born by uterine and spontaneous-generation births. The birth caused by absorbing physical matter from the environment to form the gross body is called spontaneous-generation (sammūrcchana).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

1) Audārika (औदारिक) refers to “physical /gross body” and represents one of the five types of Śarīra (body), which  represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by physical (audārika) body (śarīra) body-making (nāma) karma? The karmas rise of which causes attainment of a physical body (like human and sub-humans) by the soul are called physical body body-making karma. 

2) Audārika (औदारिक, “physical”) refers to “physical major/minor limbs body-making karma” and represents one of the three types of Aṅgopāṅga (major/minor limbs), representing one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by physical (audātika) major/minor limbs (aṅgopāṅga) body-making (nāma) karma? The karmas rise of which causes attainment of major and minor limbs of a physical body (like human and sub-humans) by the soul are called physical major and minor limbs body body-making karma.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

audarika (औदरिक).—a S Relating to the belly; ventral, abdominal, intestinal &c. 2 Gluttonous.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

audarika (औदरिक).—a Relating to the belly; ventral, abdominal. Gluttonous.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Audarika (औदरिक).—a. (- f.) [उदरे एव प्रसितः ठक् (udare eva prasitaḥ ṭhak)]

1) Voracious, gluttonous, glutton; सर्वत्रौदरिकस्याभ्यवहार्यमेव विषयः (sarvatraudarikasyābhyavahāryameva viṣayaḥ) V.3; M.4. also Mahābhārata (Bombay) 7.139.95.

2) Dropsical; Hch.

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Audārika (औदारिक).—(With Jainas) The gross body which envelopes the soul.

Derivable forms: audārikam (औदारिकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Audarika (औदरिक).—[, adj., ‘2. dem Bauche zusagend’, [Boehtlingk], is to be deleted; in the places there cited, Lalitavistara (Lefm.) 264.15; 270.15, read audārika, material, substantial (of food), with all mss.; Calcutta (see LV.) auda°. In Lalitavistara 407.22 (not cited in [Boehtlingk]) both edd. audarika without v.l., but certainly read audār°. So also in Mahāvastu ii.131.1 and 8, read with mss. audārikam āhāram (Senart em. audar°); the Pali parallel Majjhimanikāya (Pali) i.247.8 ff. has oḷārika; so Mahāvastu ii.241.1, 3 (in 3 mss. app. °dar°); and in Mahāvastu ii.277.18 read with mss. kāyo audāriko (Senart em. audar°), of the Buddha's body.]

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Audārika (औदारिक).—adj. (see also °ka-tā; from Sanskrit udāra plus ika; udāra, audāra, qq.v., also occur rarely, but audarika, q.v., is a false reading for this; = Pali oḷārika), gross; Mahāvyutpatti 2691 in a list of ‘synonyms for bṛhat’, defined in Tibetan by a number of terms including rags pa (text la! corr. in Tibetan Index), gross, corporeal, substantial; che ba, great; sbom pa, stout, gross, coarse; also che loṅ, loṅ, and raṅ po, the precise lit. mgs. of which are not clear to me; in Mahāvyutpatti the word is nt. and is preceded by udāraḥ, viśālam, vipulam, and followed by pṛthuḥ. Practically all [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] occurrences may be subsumed under the meaning (1) gross, as opposed to sūkṣma, fine, subtle (so in Pali contrasted with sukhuma), -sūkṣmaudārika- Daśabhūmikasūtra 15.14; audārikaṃ vā sūkṣmaṃ vā Avadāna-śataka ii.169.10 (rūpam); Mahāvastu iii.336.15 (id.) and 18 (vijñānam); so of the body, gross, substantial, material, Lalitavistara 122.10 devatā sā audārikam ātmabhāvam abhisaṃdarśya; 219.19 (verse) Puṣyaś ca nakṣatra…°kaṃ nirmiṇi ātmabhāvaṃ, P. created by magic a corporeal body; Gaṇḍavyūha 218.20 mahādevo…audārikenātmabhāvena sattvā- nāṃ dharmaṃ deśayati; Daśabhūmikasūtra 23.11 audārikakāya-viheṭha- nayā, by injuring the actual, physical body (of creatures); Bodhisattvabhūmi 61.7 kāyena vā audārikeṇa cāturmahābhūtikena; Avadāna-śataka ii.191.4 ayaṃ…kāyo rūpī audārikaś cāturmahābhūti- ka(ḥ); Mahāvastu ii.277.18 (Māra says:) mātāpitṛsambhavo śrama- ṇagautamasya kāyo audāriko (so mss.)…mama punar manomayo kāyo; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 277.7 (a Bodhisattva in speaking to women) nāntaśo dantāvalīm apy upadarśayati, kaḥ punar vāda audārikamukhavikāram,…not to speak of (showing) any (emotional) alteration (due to internal feelings) in his corporeal (gross, external) face; of other things, especially food, āhāra (also in Pali, where oḷārika āhāra, material or sub- stantial food or sustenance, is contrasted with immaterial kinds of sustenance, see Childers): Sukhāvatīvyūha 41.(2—)3 ff. (na… sukhāvatyāṃ)…sattvā audārika-yūṣa-phāṇīkārāhāram (so ed. em.; mss. corrupt but beginning audāri-) āharanti, api tu…yathārūpam evāhāram ākāṅkṣanti, tathārūpam āhṛtam eva saṃjānanti, prīṇitakāyāś ca bhavanti; in this sense audārika āhāra is always to be understood (not abundant food), Lalitavistara 264.2, 6 etc.; 271.1 (others, see s.v. audarika); material, corporeal (forms of worship), Daśabhūmikasūtra 72.7 (a Bodhisattva in the 8th bhūmi) audārikaṃ buddha- darśanapūjopasthānaṃ notsṛjati; others, misc., Bodhisattvabhūmi. 9.24 bodhisattvasyaudārikāṇy…gotraliṅgāni; (2) in a few cases possibly great, large: Divyāvadāna 104.24 audārikāś cāsyā- śvāsapraśvāsā gurugurukāḥ pravartante yathā meghasya garjaṭo…śabdaḥ, enormous breathings; but since a rākṣasa is being described, perhaps gross, coarse would better correspond to the meaning, compare in Pali Vism. i.274.26 assāsapassāsā pi oḷārikā honti, balavatarā huovā pavattanti etc. (Pe Maung Tin translation(s) ii.315 the breathings too are gross etc.); as to Divyāvadāna 201.22 audārike avabhāsanimitte, see audāra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Audarika (औदरिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Selfishly voracious. E. udara the belly, and ṭhak aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Audarika (औदरिक).—i. e. udara + ika, adj., f. , Gluttonous, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 39, 14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Audarika (औदरिक).—[adjective] voracious, gluttonous.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Audarika (औदरिक):—[from audara] mf(ī)n. gluttonous, a belly-god, glutton, [Pāṇini; Mahābhārata; Suśruta] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] greedy

3) [v.s. ...] fit for or pleasant to the stomach (as food), [Lalita-vistara]

4) [v.s. ...] dropsical, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

5) Audārika (औदारिक):—m. ([from] udāra), (with Jainas) the gross body which invests the soul, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha; Hemacandra’s Yoga-śāstra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Audarika (औदरिक):—[(kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) a.] Selfishly voracious or greedy.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Audārika (औदारिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Urāliya, Oaria, Odariya, Orāliya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Audarika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Audarika (ಔದರಿಕ):—[adjective] greedy in eating; devouring or eager to devour large quantities of food; ravenous; gluttonous; voracious.

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Audarika (ಔದರಿಕ):—[noun] a man who greedily eats too much.

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Audārika (ಔದಾರಿಕ):—[noun] (Jain.) the gross body (of humans) (as opp. to the subtle one).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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