Prayogika, Prāyogika: 8 definitions
Prayogika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Prayogik.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Prāyogika (प्रायोगिक, “effort”) refers to one of the three kinds of Ārūpyasamāpatti (“formless absorptions”), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32. Accordingly, “acquired by effort (prāyogika).—Examining the grossness (audārya) and harmfulness of form (rūpa), the cause of old age (jarā), sickness (vyādhi), death (maraṇa) and all kinds of suffering, the Yogin considers it ‘as a sickness, as an ulcer, as a poisoned arrow’. He tells himself that all of it is deception (vañcana) and falsehood (mṛṣāvāda) that he must avoid. Having reflected in this way, he overcomes all notion of matter, he destroys all notion of resistance, he forgets all notion of multiplicity and penetrates into the absorption of infinity of space”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living
Prāyogika (प्रायोगिक, “contrived”) refers to one of the two types of unexpressed sound (anakṣara) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.24.—How many types of contrived (prāyogika) sound are there? It is of four types namely tata, vitata, ghana and suṣira.
Prāyogika also refers to one of the two types of natural union (bandha). Necessity of human effort is the characteristic of contrived union. How many sub types of contrive union are there? There are two sub types namely union of non-living things and union of living and non-living things. What is contrived union of non-living things? Union consisting of bondage of matter like resin and wood etc is contrived union of non-living things. What is contrived union of living and non-living things? Bondage of karmas and nokarma (matter particles which are capable of transforming into gross body is contrived union of this type.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Prāyogika (प्रायोगिक).—a. (-kī f.)
1) Applied, used.
2) Applicable.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Prāyogika (प्रायोगिक):—[=prā-yogika] [from prā] mf(ī)n. ([from] -yoga) applied. used, applicable, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra] (cf. [gana] chedādi)
2) [v.s. ...] (with dhūma, m.) a kind of sternutatory, [Suśruta]Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Prāyogika (प्रायोगिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pāogiya.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Prāyogika (प्रायोगिक) [Also spelled prayogik]:—(a) experimental; practical; pilot (scheme, etc.) ~[tā] (nf).
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 4 books and stories containing Prayogika, Prāyogika, Pra-yogika, Prā-yogika, Prāyōgika; (plurals include: Prayogikas, Prāyogikas, yogikas, Prāyōgikas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
A study of the philosophy of Jainism (by Deepa Baruah)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
The formless absorptions (ārūpyasamāpatti) according to the Abhidharma < [Class 4: The four formless absorptions]
I. Lists of auxiliaries (bodhipākṣika or bodhipakkhiya) < [Note on the Thirty-seven Auxiliaries to Enlightenment]
II. Concentration of the doubly liberated saint (ubhayatobhāga-vimukta) < [Part 2 - Surpassing the high concentrations of the Śrāvakas]
Abhidharmakośa (by Vasubandhu)