Prayogika, Prāyogika: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Prayogika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Prayogik.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Prayogika in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Prāyogika (प्रायोगिक, “effort”) refers to one of the three kinds of Ārūpyasamāpatti (“formless absorptions”), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32. Accordingly, “acquired by effort (prāyogika).—Examining the grossness (audārya) and harmfulness of form (rūpa), the cause of old age (jarā), sickness (vyādhi), death (maraṇa) and all kinds of suffering, the Yogin considers it ‘as a sickness, as an ulcer, as a poisoned arrow’. He tells himself that all of it is deception (vañcana) and falsehood (mṛṣāvāda) that he must avoid. Having reflected in this way, he overcomes all notion of matter, he destroys all notion of resistance, he forgets all notion of multiplicity and penetrates into the absorption of infinity of space”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Prayogika in Jainism glossary
Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Prāyogika (प्रायोगिक, “contrived”) refers to one of the two types of unexpressed sound (anakṣara) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.24.—How many types of contrived (prāyogika) sound are there? It is of four types namely tata, vitata, ghana and suṣira.

Prāyogika also refers to one of the two types of natural union (bandha). Necessity of human effort is the characteristic of contrived union. How many sub types of contrive union are there? There are two sub types namely union of non-living things and union of living and non-living things. What is contrived union of non-living things? Union consisting of bondage of matter like resin and wood etc is contrived union of non-living things. What is contrived union of living and non-living things? Bondage of karmas and nokarma (matter particles which are capable of transforming into gross body is contrived union of this type.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prayogika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prāyogika (प्रायोगिक).—a. (- f.)

1) Applied, used.

2) Applicable.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prāyogika (प्रायोगिक):—[=prā-yogika] [from prā] mf(ī)n. ([from] -yoga) applied. used, applicable, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra] (cf. [gana] chedādi)

2) [v.s. ...] (with dhūma, m.) a kind of sternutatory, [Suśruta]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Prāyogika (प्रायोगिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pāogiya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prayogika in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prayogika in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Prāyogika (प्रायोगिक) [Also spelled prayogik]:—(a) experimental; practical; pilot (scheme, etc.) ~[] (nf).

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